Boadicea class cruiser

Boadicea class cruiser

The "Boadicea" class was a two ship class of scout cruisers of the Royal Navy, consisting of HMS "Bellona" and HMS "Boadicea". They were the first class to be fitted with turbine machinery, propulsion which became standard for all future cruisers . They were larger and heavier than the commercially designed pairs of the "Adventure", "Forward", "Pathfinder" and "Sentinel" classes yet carried less armour and weaponry. Deck protection was limited to a partial plating over the machinery spaces.


They were designed to serve with flotillas of destroyers, theoretically offering the ability to scout ahead of the group and engage and destroy enemy destroyers with their heavier weaponry. The ships sported a four inch (102 mm) main armament, two guns in front of the bridge, two port and starboard just behind it and two more on the centre line towards the stern. HMS "Boadicea" was refitted during 1916 with four more convert|4|in|mm|sing=on guns added to the waist of the ship and a three inch (76 mm) anti aircraft gun to counter the new threats from the air. This was later replaced with a 4 inch A/A gun.


However elegent the theory, it proved flawed in practice. The cruisers lacked the speed of the destroyers they were supposed to escort. This negated the one great advantage of the destroyers - their relative speed - without increasing their hitting power. HMS "Bellona" was attached to the 2nd Flotilla from 1909 to 1912 but her top speed of convert|25|kn|km/h was sluggish compared to the convert|27|kn|km/h of the "Acorn" class destroyers she was supposedly scouting for. HMS "Boadicea" lagged even further behind her "Acheron" class destroyers, capable of up to convert|32|kn|km/h.

Both ships served during the First World War, fighting in the Battle of Jutland. Both were later converted to minelayers. The class was followed by the two ships of the "Blonde" class of 1909 to 1911 - which proved to be even slower.


*"Bellona" - launched on 20 March 1909, converted to minelayer in June 1917 and sold on 9 May 1921.
*"Boadicea" - launched on 14 May 1908, converted to minelayer in December 1917, on harbour service from January 1921, and sold on 13 July 1926.


*Jane's Fighting Ships of World War One (1919), Jane's Publishing Company
* [ Boadicea class in World War I]
* [ History of the Boadicea class]

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Нужно сделать НИР?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Diadem class cruiser — Contemporary deck plan and port elevation of Diadem class cruiser. In the deck plan, the 6 inch annotations refer to the calibre of the guns. Class overview Name …   Wikipedia

  • C class cruiser — For the Royal Navy third class cruisers of the late nineteenth century, see C class corvette. HMS Capetown Class overview Name: C class cruiser …   Wikipedia

  • Cressy class cruiser — HMS Cressy Class overview Name: Cressy Preceded by: Diadem class cruiser …   Wikipedia

  • Danae class cruiser — HMS Delhi; note 5 /38 caliber guns fitted after refit Class overview Name: Danae Operators …   Wikipedia

  • Monmouth class cruiser — HMS Monmouth, on postcard Class overview Name: Monmouth Preceded by: Drake class cruiser …   Wikipedia

  • Challenger class cruiser — HMS Challenger Class overview Name: Challenger Operators …   Wikipedia

  • Drake class cruiser — HMS Good Hope Class overview Name: Drake Preceded by: Cressy class …   Wikipedia

  • Blonde class cruiser — The Blonde class cruisers were a two ship class of light scout cruisers of the British Royal Navy. They were developments of the earlier Boadicea class class, though were slightly bigger with ten 4 inch guns as their main armament. They were the… …   Wikipedia

  • Duke of Edinburgh class cruiser — HMS Duke of Edinburgh Class overview Name: Duke of Edinburgh Preceded by …   Wikipedia

  • Minotaur class cruiser (1906) — HMS Shannon Class overview Name: Minotaur class cruiser Operators …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”