—  Comune  —
Comune di Cittadella
A view of a section of the Vicenza gate of Cittadella's walls from the outside

Coat of arms
Cittadella is located in Italy
Location of Cittadella in Italy
Coordinates: 45°39′N 11°47′E / 45.65°N 11.783°E / 45.65; 11.783
Country Italy
Region Veneto
Province Padua (PD)
Frazioni Ca' Onorai, Facca, Pozzetto, San Donato, Santa Croce Bigolina, Santa Maria
 - Mayor Massimo Bitonci (Lega Nord)
 - Total 36 km2 (13.9 sq mi)
Elevation 48 m (157 ft)
Population (31 December 2008)
 - Total 20,025
 - Density 556.3/km2 (1,440.7/sq mi)
Demonym Cittadellesi
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 - Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 35013
Dialing code 049
Patron saint San Prosdocimo
Website Official website

Cittadella is a medieval walled city in the province of Padua, northern Italy, founded in the thirteenth century as a military outpost of Padua. The surrounding wall has been restored and is 1461 m in circumference with a diameter of around 450 m. There are four gates which roughly correspond the points of the compass.

The local football club is A.S. Cittadella.

Restoration of the fortified system

Cittadella was erected in 1220, at the time of the wars between the communes, by order of the city of Padua in order to build a fortified outpost that would defend its territory.

It was built in successive stages in a polygonal shape on orthogonal axes through the construction of 32 large and small towers, with the formation of a protective moat and with four drawbridges next to the four entrance gates.

Its walls, 14 to 16 meters tall, were built with the "box masonry": two parallel walls filled with a sturdy core of stones and hot slaked lime totaling a thickness of about 2.10 meters.

The walls today are all intact except for a stretch destroyed in the 16th century during the Cambrai war, and the skilled detail of the construction are still easily visible. It has as many as seven different construction techniques characterized by the alteration of courses in brick and those in river rocks mixed with brick can be recognized.[1]

Rocca di Porta Bassano is one of the most enchanting parts of the fortified complex of Cittadella as it is clear evidence of the defense apparatus of the keep and entrance gates.

The Casa del Capitano (Captain's House) is found inside the Rocca (Fortress), and it is the object of important restoration work that has led to the finding of old frescoes dating to the period of the Carraresi, Malatesta, Sanseverino and Borromeo families. They hand down an out-and-out historical account of the events that occurred between 1260 and 1600, almost replacing written documents.

So as to give the town better defense, the walls originally could be traveled over on various levels through communication trenches, partly made of stone though many other stretches were made of wood or were made along the embankments that ran along the entire wall.

The conservatory repairs of the merlons, the part most highly deteriorated by the wear and tear of time, the safekeeping and restoration of the patrol communications trench that winds along the walls at a height of 14 meters, in addition to the restoration, of several points of ascent with the building of the stairs on the breach, the construction of a stairway and glass lift inside the Porta Vicenza Tower, the stairs, the wooden gangway and the glazed entrance roof in the Torresino Church, plus the building of the connection between the Captain's House and the Porta Bassano Tower allows the old routes to be enjoyed, thus offering the visitor a rereading of the walls and the city from preferential points of view never seen before.

Today the patrol communications trench has been restored for 75% of its length and it can be walked along for 3/4. The entire way around will be walkable once the complete restoration will be complete.

Complete restoration of Cittadella's fortified system will be completed over the next few years with a final restoration of the walls of the northeastern and southeasters sectors and with the conclusion of the works being carried out on the gates and towers.

The Duomo (Cathedral) of Cittadella.

Twin towns

  • Brazil Nova Prata, Brazil, since 2005
  • United States Noblesville, USA, since 2005
  • Germany Guben, Germany


  1. ^ Valle, Patrizia. (Design architect and director of the restoration works of the fortified system.) "Cittadella: Walled City" (Pamphlet)

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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Cittadella — Cittadella …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Cittadella — Escudo …   Wikipedia Español

  • Cittadella — Administration Pays  Italie Région …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Cittadella — (spr. Tschittadella), Giovanni, Graf v. C., geb. 1806 in Padua, italienischer Geschichtsschreiber, Mitglied der Akademien von Padua u. Venedig; er schr.: Storia della dominazione Carrarese, Pad 1842, 2 Bde …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Cittadella — (spr. tschi ), Distriktshauptstadt in der ital. Provinz Padua, an den Eisenbahnlinien Treviso Vicenza und Padua Bassano, hat eine schöne Hauptkirche, einen botanischen Garten und (1901) ca. 4000 (als Gemeinde 9686) Einw., die Ölgewinnung,… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Cittadella — (spr. tschi ), Stadt in der ital. Prov. Padua, (1901) 9686 E.; Ölgewinnung …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Cittadella [1] — Cittadella (Tschi–), d.h. kleine Stadt; C., schöngebaute Stadt in der Lombardei, unweit der Brenta, mit 6500 E., lebhafter Industrie. C. Pieve, päpstliche Stadt in der Delegation Perugia, Bischofssitz, 2900 E …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • Cittadella [2] — Cittadella (Tschi–), Giovanni, Graf, geb. 1806 zu Padua, durch seine »Storia della dominazione Carrarese« rühmlich bekannter Schriftsteller …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • CITTADELLA — urbecula Minoricae praecipua, vide Iamma …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • cittadella — /tʃit:a dɛl:a/ s.f. [dim. di cittade, var. ant. di città ]. 1. (milit.) [recinto fortificato che nel Rinascimento costituiva l elemento di maggior efficienza militare di una città] ▶◀ fortezza, roccaforte. 2. (non com.) [piccolo centro]… …   Enciclopedia Italiana

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