- Henry van de Velde
name=Henry van de Velde
death_date=death date and age|1957|10|25|1863|4|3
significant_buildings=House "Bloemenwerf" in
Weimar(1907) WerkbundTheatre in Köln(1914)Universit Library with " Boekentoren" in Ghent(1933)
Henry Van de Velde (
3 April 1863– 25 October 1957[cite encyclopedia |encyclopedia=Encyclopædia Britannica |title=Velde, Henry van de |url=http://www.britannica.com/eb/article-9074970/Henry-van-de-Velde |accessdate=2007-09-25 |year=2007 |publisher=Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc ] [the 15 October 1957is given as well] ) was a Belgian painter, architect and interior designer. Together with Victor Hortahe can be considered one of the main founders and representatives of Art Nouveauin Belgium. Van de Velde spent the most important part of his career in Germanyand had a decisive influence on German architecture and design at the beginning of the 20th-century.
Van de Velde studied painting in Antwerp, under
Charles Verlatand in Paris under Carolus-Duran. As a young painter he was thoroughly influenced by Paul Signacand Georges Seuratand soon adopted a neo-impressionist style. In 1889 he became a member of the Brussels-based artist group " Les XX". After Vincent Van Goghexhibited some work on the yearly exhibition of Les XXvan de Velde became one of the first artists to be influenced by the Dutch painter. During this periode he developed a lasting friendship with the painter Théo van Rysselbergheand the sculptor Constantin Meunier.
In 1892 he abandoned painting and devoted himself to decoration and interior design. His own house, "Bloemenwerf" in
Uccle, was his first attempt at architecture, and was inspired by the British and American Arts and Crafts Movement. He also designed interiors and furniture for the influential art gallery "L'Art Nouveau" of Samuel Bingin Parisin 1895. This gave the movement its first designation as Art Nouveau.
Van de Velde's design work received good exposure in Germany, through periodicals like Innen-Dekoration, and subsequently he received commissions for interior designs in Berlin. Around the turn of the century, he also designed Villa Leuring in the Netherlands, and Villa Esche in Chemnitz, two works that show his Art Nouveau style in architecture. He also designed the interior of the
Folkwang Museumin Hagen(today the building houses the Karl Ernst Osthaus-Museum. In 1905 he was called upon by the Grand Duke of Weimar to establish the Grand-Ducal School of Arts and Crafts in Weimar, the predecessor of the Bauhausschool which would replace the School of Arts and Crafts after World War I, under the new director Walter Gropius.
Van de Velde, although a Belgian, would play an important role in the German Werkbund, the association founded to help improve and promote German design by establishing close relations between industry and designers. He would oppose
Hermann Muthesiusat the Werkbund meeting of 1914 and their debate would mark the history of Modern Architecture. Van de Velde called for the upholding of the individuality of artists while Hermann Muthesius called for standardization as a key to development.
During World War I, van de Velde left Weimar back to Belgium. He was later instrumental in founding another school,
La Cambrein Brussels. He continued his practice in architecture and design, which had significantly demarcated itself from the Art Nouveau phase, which lost all its popularity by 1910. In this period he mentored the great Belgian architect Victor Bourgeois.
World War I, he lived in Switzerlandand in the Netherlandswhere he designed the Kröller-Müller Museumin Otterlo. From 1926 to 1936, Van de Velde was professor at Ghent University, where he became the architect of the university library (the so-called Boekentorenor Book Tower).
* 1895-1896: "Bloemenwerf", Van de Velde's first private residence, in
* 1895: Interior decoration of
Samuel Bing's art Gallert "Maison de l'art nouveau" in Paris
* 1900–1902: Interior of the
Folkwang Museumin Hagen, Germany
* 1902–1903, 1911 (extension): "Villa Esche" in
* 1903: Extension and interior decoration of the
Nietzsche Archivein Weimar, Germany
* 1906–1907: Clubhouse of the "Chemnitzer Lawn-Tennis-Club" in
* 1907–1908: "Hohenhof", Mansion for Karl Ernst Osthaus in
* 1907–1908: "Haus Hohe Pappeln", Van de Velde's private residence in
* 1909–1911: "Ernst-Abbe-Denkmal", Memorial for
Ernst Abbein Jena(in collaboration with the sculptors Max Klingerand Constantin Meunier)
* 1912–1913: Palace for Graf Dürckheim in
* 1913–1914: "Werkbund-Theater", Theatre at the Deutsche Werkbund exhibition in
* 1913–1914: "Villa Schulenburg" in
* 1913–1914: Wohnhaus für den Fabrikanten Dr. Theo Koerner in Chemnitz
* 1927-1928: "La Nouvelle Maison", Van de Velde's private residence in
* 1929–1931: Home for the elderly of the 'Minna und James Heinemann-Stiftung' in
* 1933-1938: Library of
Ghent Universitywith " Boekentoren" in Ghent, Belgium
* 1936: Logo of the
* 1936-1942: "Technische School", School building in
* 1937: Belgian Pavilion on the Paris
World Fairof 1937
* [http://www.villaesche.de/ Website of the 'Villa Esche' in Chemnitz: www.villaesche.de]
* [http://www.henry-van-de-velde.com/ Replicas of Henry van de Velde furniture on www.henry-van-de-velde.com]
* [http://www.villa-koerner.com/ Website on Henry van de Velde's 'Villa Koerner' in Chemnitz (in German): www.villa-koerner.com]
* [http://www.wittebrugpark.nl/wittebrugpark/wagenaarweg/ww30.htm Villa "De Zeemeeuw" in Scheveningen, (in Dutch): www.witteburgpark.nl]
* [http://www.henry-van-de-velde.com/2/Van_de_Velde_facts.htm Van de Velde chronological biography]
* [http://www.visoog.be/viewer.php?lang=dut&hotspot=27 Boekentoren Belvédère in 360°]
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