- Graham Parker
Infobox musical artist
Name = Graham Parker
Background = solo_singer
Born = birth date and age|1950|11|15|df=y
Genre = Rock, New Wave, Pub rock
Singer, songwriter, musician, writer
Years_active = 1970s–present
Arista Records, Bloodshot Records, Buy or Die, Capitol Records, Dakota Arts, Demon Records, Elektra Records, Hannibal Records, Hip-O Records, Mercury Records, Razor & Tie, RCA Records, Rebound Records, Rock the House Entertainment Group, UpYours Records, Vertigo RecordsCanada & UK, Windsong International RecordsUK
The Rumour, Figgs
URL = [http://grahamparker.net/ grahamparker.net]
Early career (1960s-1976)
In the late 1960s and early 1970s, Graham Parker sang in small-time English bands such as the Black Rockers and Deep Cut Three while working in dead-end jobs like a glove factory and a petrol station. In 1975, he recorded a few demo tracks in London with Dave Robinson, who would shortly found
Stiff Recordsand who connected Parker with his first backing band of note. Graham Parker had one track, "Back to Schooldays", released on the compilation album, " A Bunch of Stiff Records" for Stiff Records.
Graham Parker and
the Rumour(Parker, with Brinsley Schwarz and Martin Belmonton guitars, Bob Andrews on keyboards, Andrew Bodnaron bass and Steve Gouldingon drums) formed in the summer of 1975 and began doing the rounds of the British pub rock scene. The band was also augmented at times by a four-man horn section known as The Rumour Brass: John "Irish" Earle (saxophone), Chris Gower (trombone), Dick Hanson (trumpet), and Ray Bevis (saxophone).
The band's first
album, " Howlin' Wind", was released to acclaim in 1976 and was rapidly followed by the stylistically similar " Heat Treatment". A mixture of rock, ballads, and reggae-influenced numbers, these albums reflected Parker's early influences ( Motown, The Rolling Stones, Bob Dylan, Van Morrison) and contained the songs which formed the core of Parker's live shows -- "White Honey", "Soul Shoes", "Lady Doctor", "Fool's Gold", and his early signature tune "Don't Ask Me Questions", which hit the top 40 in the UK.
Parker and the Rumour built a reputation as incendiary live performers: the promotional album "Live at Marble Arch" was recorded at this time and shows off their raw onstage style. Like the pub rock scene he was loosely tied to, the singer's class-conscious lyrics and passionate vocals signaled a renewal of rock music as
punk rockbegan to flower in Britain.
Parker as 'Angry Young Man'
In terms of establishing a recording career in early 1976, Parker preceded two other "new wave" English singer-songwriters to whom he is often compared:
Elvis Costelloand Joe Jackson. (Costello's first single was released in 1977, and Jackson's first solo single was issued in late 1978.)
Early in his career Parker's work was often compared favorably to Jackson's and Costello's. For decades afterwards journalists would continue to categorize them together, often labelling them with some variation of "Angry Young Men", even long after the artists' work had diverged. Characteristically, Parker would not hesitate to criticize this habit with caustic wit.
A New Direction (1977)
Critical acclaim for the first two albums was generally not matched with LP sales. Graham Parker and the Rumour appeared on
BBCtelevision's " Top of the Pops" in 1977, performing their version of The Trammps' "Hold Back the Night" from The Pink Parker EP, a top 30 UK hit in March 1977.
At this point, Parker began to change his songwriting style, reflecting his desire to break into the American market. The first fruits of this new direction appeared on "
Stick To Me" (1977). The album broke the top 20 on the UK charts but divided critical opinions, particularly with numbers like "The Heat in Harlem" -- the band's longest song at the time. Nick Lowe's production also came under fire: some critics complained that the band sounded thin and Parker's voice was mixed down, when in fact a studio mishap had compromised the original recordings and forced the group to remake the album on short notice.
queezing Out Sparks (1978-1979)
An official Graham Parker and The Rumour live album called "The Parkerilla", issued in 1978, saw Parker in a creative holding pattern. Three sides were live, with no new songs and with versions of previously released songs that added nothing to the prior studio cuts. Side four was devoted to a "disco" remake of "Don't Ask Me Questions". The 2-disc record was regarded by most as a ploy to fulfil Parker's contractual commitment to Mercury records, and as a ripoff for fans.
Parker had long been dissatisfied with the performance of his US record company,
Mercury Records, finally issuing in the 1979 single "Mercury Poisoning", a public kiss-off reminiscent of the Sex Pistols' "EMI".
Energized by his new label, Arista, and the presence of legendary producer
Jack Nitzsche, Parker followed with " Squeezing Out Sparks", widely held to be the best album of his career. For this album, The Rumour's brass section, prominent on all previous albums, was jettisoned, resulting in a spare, intense rock backing for some of Parker's most brilliant songs. Of particular note was "You Can't Be Too Strong", one of rock music's rare songs to confront the topic of abortion, however ambivalently.
The jettisoned brass section, incidentally, would continue to play on other people's records credited as The Irish Horns (on the album "
London Calling" by The Clash) or The Rumour Brass, most notably on Katrina and the Waves' 1985 hit "Walking On Sunshine".
The End of The Rumour (1980)
Bob Andrews left The Rumour in early 1980, and was not officially replaced. However, in studio sessions for the next album,
Nicky Hopkinsand Danny Federici(of The E Street Band) sat in on keyboards.
Although marginally less intense than its predecessor, 1980's "The Up Escalator" was Parker's highest-charting album in the UK and featured glossy production by Jimmy Iovine and guest vocals from
Bruce Springsteen. Significantly, the front cover of the album credited only Graham Parker, not "Graham Parker and The Rumour".
"The Up Escalator" would prove to be Parker's last album with the Rumour, although guitarist Brinsley Schwarz would reunite with Parker in 1983 and play on most of the singer's albums through the decade's end. As well, bassist Andrew Bodnar would rejoin Parker from 1988 through the mid-90s, and drummer
Steve Gouldingwould play on Parker's 2001 album "Deepcut To Nowhere".
Commercial Success (1981-1990)
The 1980s were Parker's most commercially successful years, with well-financed recordings and radio and video play. Over the decade, the British press turned unkind to him, but he continued to record and tour the world with top backing bands. His followup to "The Up Escalator", 1982's "Another Grey Area", featured noted session musicians Nicky Hopkins and
Hugh McCrackenin the backing band; this album charted at UK #40 and US #51, and spun off a top 40 UK single in "Temporary Beauty".
1983's "The Real Macaw", featuring drumming by
Gilson Lavisof Squeezeand the return of Brinsley Schwarz to the guitarist's spot didn't fare quite as well, hitting US #59 on the album charts but missing the UK charts altogether. However, Parker's 1985 release "Steady Nerves" (credited to Graham Parker and The Shot) was a moderate success and included his only US Top 40 hit, "Wake Up (Next to You)". The Shot was a four-piece backing band, all of whom had played on either "The Real Macaw" or "Another Grey Area": Brinsley Schwarz (guitar), George Small (keyboards), Kevin Jenkins (bass), and Michael Braun (drums).
"Steady Nerves" was recorded in New York City, and Parker began living mostly in the United States during this time.
An uncompromising attitude toward his music ensured that Parker would clash with the changing priorities of the
major labelmusic business, and the label changes came quickly after the mid-1980s. This situation partly accounts for the remarkable number of compilation albums in Graham Parker's discography. Particularly unproductive was Parker's tenure at Atlantic Records, where he has said he was told to collaborate with other songwriters and to focus on "a big drum sound." Instead, Parker ended the deal (without releasing anything on Atlantic) and signed to RCA Records. He began producing his own recordings and stripping down his sound with " The Mona Lisa's Sister", which gained him renewed critical attention and was a success in the new " modern rock" format. The backing band for this album included former Rumour-mates Brinsley Schwarz and Andrew Bodnar; keyboardists James Halliwell and Steve Nieve; and ex- Rockpileand Dire Straitsdrummer Terry Williams(replaced on one cut by Andy Duncan, and two others by Pete Thomaswho, like Nieve, was a member of Elvis Costello and the Attractions). "Rolling Stone" magazine ranked "The Mona Lisa's Sister" at #97 on its list of The 100 Greatest Albums of the 80's.
Parker continued to record for RCA through the early 1990s, typically receiving critical praise but little in the way of chart success.Long-time guitarist Schwarz once again parted company with Parker after the well-reviewed 1990 album "Human Soul".
Parker's 1991 offering, "Struck By Lightning", had a slightly rootsier flavour than previous Parker releases, and featured bassist
Andrew Bodnarand Attractions' drummer Pete Thomasin the backing band, as well as a guest appearance from The Band's Garth Hudsonon keyboards. However, the album's chart peak of US #131 wasn't enough to keep RCA happy, and Parker was dropped from the label.
He rebounded quickly. Parker,
Andrew Bodnarand Pete Thomaswere joined by keyboardist Mick Talbotof The Style Council, and this unit recorded 1992's "Burning Questions" for the US major label Capitol Records. Unfortunately, this record missed the charts completely, and once again Parker found himself label-less.
A 1994 Christmas-themed EP release ("Graham Parker's Christmas Cracker") was issued on Dakota Arts Records, before Parker found a more permanent home on American independent label
Razor & Tie. After the movingly personal "12 Haunted Episodes", and 1996's "Acid Bubblegum" (featuring Jimmy Destriof Blondie on keyboards), Parker grew quiet in the late 1990s. However he continued to play live fairly regularly, often working with backing band The Figgs(who, like The Rumour, when not backing Parker also issued records as a discrete unit).
Into the 21st century
Parker began an extraordinarily active period in 2001, with the UK rerelease of his early Rumour work, and with his third studio album for
Razor & Tie, "Deepcut to Nowhere", a penetrating collection of new songs that seemed intended to reflect comprehensively on the singer's life and aims. It also marked a reunion of sorts, as Parker recorded with ex-Rumour drummer Steve Goulding for the first time in 20 years.
In 2003, Parker collaborated with
Kate Piersonof the B-52'sand Bill Janovitzto record an album of lesser-known John Lennon/ Paul McCartneycompositions that had never been recorded by The Beatles. The album, called "From A Window: Lost Songs of Lennon & McCartney", was credited to "Pierson, Parker, Janovitz". Also in 2003, Parker contributed a solo acoustic version of Pink Floyd's Comfortably Numbto compilation album " A Fair Forgery of Pink Floyd"
New solo work continued with 2004's "
Your Country", which saw Parker switch labels to Chicago-based indie Bloodshot Records. While presented as a flirtation with country music, "Your Country" had only marginally rootsier sound than Parker's norm. "Your Country" co-produced by John Would was recorded on 16 track 2" analogue tape at Stanley Recording of Venice, California. The album was recorded and mixed in two weeks.
Following in 2005 was "Songs Of No Consequence", an uptempo rock and roll collection quickly recorded with sometime backing band, the
Figgs. A show from the ensuing tour with the Figgs broadcast on FM radiobecame a live album in 2006. In March of 2007, a new full-length, "Don't Tell Columbus" was released marking Parker's fourth album in three years. "Don't Tell Columbus" - though unfair to call a return to form - finds Graham Parker with some of his best songs in years, including the autobiographical "I Discovered America", where Parker proclaims about his lack of commercial success "everyone said quit, that's when I found hope."
In addition to his records, Parker published an illustrated
science fictionnovella, The Great Trouser Mysteryin 1980. He published a set of short stories, "Carp Fishing on Valium", in June 2000. His third book, a novel, "The Other Life of Brian", appeared in September 2003.
Graham Parker & The Rumour
Howlin' Wind" (1976)
Heat Treatment" (1976)
*"The Pink Parker EP" (1977)
Stick To Me" (1977)
*"The Parkerilla" (1978)
Squeezing Out Sparks" (1979)
The Up Escalator" (1980)Graham Parker
*"Another Grey Area", 1982
The Real Macaw", 1983Graham Parker & The Shot
Steady Nerves", 1985Graham Parker
The Mona Lisa's Sister", 1988
*"Human Soul", 1989
*"Struck by Lightning", 1991
*"Burning Questions", 1992
*"Graham Parker's Christmas Cracker EP", 1994
*"12 Haunted Episodes", 1995
*"Acid Bubblegum", 1996
*"Loose Monkeys" (outtakes), 1999
*"That's When You Know" (1976 demos + "Live at Marble Arch"), 2001
*"Deepcut To Nowhere", 2001
*"Your Country", 2004 (featuring an appearance by
*"Songs of No Consequence", 2005 (with the
Figgsas his backup band)
*"Don't Tell Columbus", 2007
Graham Parker & the Rumour
*"Live at Marble Arch", 1976
*"At The Palladium, New York, NY", 1977
*"The Parkerilla", 1978
*"Live Sparks", 1979 Graham Parker
*"Live! Alone in America", 1989
*"Live Alone! Discovering Japan", 1993
*"Live from New York", 1996
*"BBC Live in Concert" (compilation 1977-91), 1996
*"The Last Rock and Roll Tour", 1997 (with the
Figgsas his backup band)
*"Not If It Pleases Me" (BBC sessions 1976-77), 1998
*"King Biscuit Flower Hour Presents Graham Parker" (live 1983), 2003
*"Live Cuts From Somewhere", 2003 (with the
Figgsas his backup band)
*"Blue Highway", 2003 (Recorded live in Grant Park, Chicago, Illinois on July 4th, 1988)
*"!Live Alone: The Bastard of Belgium", 2005
*"Yer Cowboy Boot", 2005
*"103 Degrees in June", 2006 (with the
Figgsas his backup band)
*Platinum Bastard, 2007
*"The Best of Graham Parker and the Rumour" 1980
*"Look Back in Anger: Classic Performances", 1982
*"It Don't Mean a Thing If It Ain't Got That Swing", 1984
*"Pourin' It All Out: The Mercury Years", 1986
*"The Best of Graham Parker 1988-1991", 1992
*"Passion Is No Ordinary Word: The Graham Parker Anthology" 1993
*"No Holding Back", 1996
*"Temporary Beauty", 1997
*"Stiffs & Demons"
*"Master Hits", 1999
*"The Ultimate Collection"
*"You Can't Be Too Strong: An Introduction to Graham Parker and the Rumour", 2001
*"The Official Art Vandelay Tapes", 2003
A Fair Forgery of Pink Floyd", 2003 (Graham Parker performs Pink Floyd's Comfortably Numb)
*"The Official Art Vandelay Tapes Vol 2", 2005
Guinness Book of British Hit Singles- 16th Edition - ISBN 0-85112-190-X
* Guinness Book of British Hit Albums - 7th Edition - ISBN 0-85112-619-7
* Guinness Rockopedia - ISBN 0-85112-072-5
* The Great Rock Discography - 5th Edition - ISBN 1-84195-017-3
* [http://www.grahamparker.net/ Official website]
* [http://www.grahamparker.com/ Graham Parker]
* [http://come.to/grahamparker/ Struck By Lightning: discography, gigography, bibliography, and more]
* [http://www.geocities.com/parkertorium/ The Parkertorium]
* [http://www.allmusic.com/cg/amg.dll?p=amg&sql=11:u2jw7i6jg74r~T1 Biography at AMG website]
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