Hans Richter (artist)

Hans Richter (artist)

Hans Richter (April 6, 1888 – February 1, 1976) was a painter, graphic artist, avant-gardist, film-experimenter and producer. [ [http://www.artnet.com/Magazine/features/oisteanu/oisteanu10-27-04.asp] Artnet.com- Valery Osteanu] He was born in Berlin into a well-to-do family and died in Minusio, near Locarno, Switzerland.


Richter's first contacts with modern art were in 1912 through the "Blaue Reiter" and in 1913 through the "Erster Deutsche Herbstsalon" gallery "Der Sturm", in Berlin. In 1914 he was influenced by cubism. He contributed to the periodical "Die Aktion" in Berlin. [cite book | author=Haftmann, Werner | title=Postscript to "Dada: Art and Anti-Art" | publisher=Thames & Hudson | year=1978 | id=ISBN 0-500-20039-4, p220] His first exhibition was in Munich in 1916, and "Die Aktion" published as a special edition about him. In the same year he was wounded and discharged from the army and went to Zürich and joined the Dada movement.

Richter believed that the artist's duty was to be actively political, opposing war and supporting the revolution. His first abstract works were made in 1917. In 1918, he befriended Viking Eggeling, and the two experimented together with film. Richter was co-founder, in 1919, of the Association of Revolutionary Artists ("Artistes Radicaux") at Zürich. In the same year he created his first "Prélude" (an orchestration of a theme developed in eleven drawings). In 1920 he was a member of the November group in Berlin and contributed to the Dutch periodical "De Stijl".

Throughout his career, he claimed that his 1921 film, "Rhythmus 21", was the first abstract film ever created. This claim is not true: he was preceded by the Italian Futurists Bruno Corra and Arnaldo Ginna between 1911 and 1912 [ [http://www.futurism.org.uk/cinema/cinema.htm Article on Futurist Cinema] ] (as they report in the "Futurist Manifesto of Cinema" [ [http://www.unknown.nu/futurism/cinema.html 'The Futurist Cinema' Manifesto, 1916] ] ), as well as by fellow German artist Walter Ruttmann who produced "Lichtspiel Opus 1" in 1920. Nevertheless, Richter's film "Rhythmus 21" is considered an important early abstract film.

About Richter's woodcuts and drawings Michel Seuphor wrote: "Richter's black-and-whites together with those of Arp and Janco, are the most typical works of the Zürich period of Dada." From 1923 to 1926, Richter edited, together with Werner Gräff and Mies van der Rohe, the periodical "G. Material zur elementaren Gestaltung." Richter wrote of his own attitude toward film::"I conceive of the film as a modern art form particularly interesting to the sense of sight. Painting has its own peculiar problems and specific sensations, and so has the film. But there are also problems in which the dividing line is obliterated, or where the two infringe upon each other. More especially, the cinema can fulfill certain promises made by the ancient arts, in the realization of which painting and film become close neighbors and work together."


Richter moved from Switzerland to the United States in 1940 and became an American citizen. He taught in the Institute of Film Techniques at the City College of New York. [Haftmann, p222]

While living in New York, Richter directed 2 feature films, "Dreams That Money Can Buy" and "8x8: A Chess Sonata" in collaboration with Max Ernst, Jean Cocteau, Paul Bowles, Fernand Leger, Alexander Calder, Marcel Duchamp and others, which was partially filmed on the lawn of his summer house in Southbury, Connecticut.

In 1957, he finished a film entitled "Dadascope" with original poems and prosa spoken by their creators: Hans Arp, Marcel Duchamp, Raoul Hausmann, Richard Huelsenbeck, and Kurt Schwitters.

After 1958 Richter spent parts of the year in Ascona and Connecticut and returned to painting. [Haftmann, p222]

Richter was also the author of a first-hand account of the Dada movement titled "Dada: Art and Anti-Art" [cite book | author=Richter, Hans | title=Dada: Art and Anti-Art | publisher=Thames & Hudson | year=1965 | id=ISBN 0-500-20039-4] which also included his reflections on the emerging Neo-Dada artworks.


:"Dadascope" (1961):"" (1957):"Dreams That Money Can Buy" (1947):"Vom Blitz zum Fernsenhbild" (1936):"Keine Zeit für Tränen" (1934):"Hallo Everybody" (1933):"Europa Radio" (1931):"Neues Leben" (1930):"Alles dreht sich, alles bewegt sich" (1929):"Everyday" (1929):"Rennsymphonie" (1929):"The Storming of La Sarraz" (1929):"Zweigroschenzauber" (1929):"Vormittagsspuk" ("Ghosts Before Breakfast", with music by Hindemith) (1928):"Inflation" (1927):"Filmstudie" (1926) with music by Darius Milhaud:"Rhythmus 25" (1925):"Rhythmus 23" (1923):"Rhythmus 21" (1921)

ee also

* ""


* Stephen C. Foster, "Hans Richter: Activism, Modernism, and the Avant-Garde" (Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 1998)
* Hans Richter, 'Towards a New World Plasticism' in Mary Anne Caws, [http://www.amazon.co.uk/dp/0803264070 "Manifesto: A Century of Isms"] (Lincoln, Nebraska and London: University of Nebraska Press, 2001)

External links

* [http://www.imdb.com/name/nm0725257/ Hans Richter at IMDB]
* [http://www.ubu.com/film/richter.html Hans Richter films at Ubuweb]
* [http://www.youtube.com/results?search=related&search_query=hans%20richter%20filmstudie%20experimental%20animation%201925%202006%20zven%20surealist%20dadaist%20abstract%20stop-motion&v=uZI5nF_fzPY Hans Richter at YouTube]

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Нужно решить контрольную?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Hans Richter — may refer to:*Hans Richter (conductor) (1843 1916), Austrian conductor *Hans Richter (architect), designer of the Volksbühne in Berlin *Hans Richter (artist) (1888 1976), German born American artist and film maker *Hans Richter (actor) (1919… …   Wikipedia

  • Hans Richter (conductor) — Hans Richter (4 April 1843 in Raab, today Győr, Hungary as János Richter, died 5 December 1916 in Bayreuth) was an Austrian Hungarian conductor. Richter studied at the Vienna Conservatory with a particular interest in the horn, and developed his… …   Wikipedia

  • Hans Richter (director de orquesta) — Para el pintor y cineasta alemán, véase Hans Richter. Hans Richter (director de orquesta) Hans Richter (János Richter) (Raab, actual Győr, 4 de abril de 1843 – Bayreuth, 5 de diciembre de 1916) fue un director de orquesta de o …   Wikipedia Español

  • Richter — can refer to the Richter magnitude scale, a scale measuring the strength of earthquakes. Richter is also a surname:* Adrian Ludwig Richter, 19th century German artist * Aemilius Ludwig Richter, 19th century German jurist * Albert Richter (1912… …   Wikipedia

  • RICHTER, HANS — (1888–1976), German artist and film maker. Born in Berlin, Richter was one of the first to make abstract feature films. He studied art in Paris and was attracted by the cubist and surrealist schools. In Zurich in 1916 he participated in the Dada… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Hans Haacke — Born August 12, 1936 (1936 08 12) (age 75) Cologne, Germany Nationality American Field Conceptual art …   Wikipedia

  • Hans-Christian Schink — (* 1961 in Erfurt) ist ein deutscher Fotograf. Hans Christian Schink vor seiner Fotografie „9/17/2006, 8:45 am 9.45 am, N 78°13.370 E 015°40.024 “ im Museum Küppersmühle, Duisburg (7. Juli 2011) Inhaltsverzeichnis …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Richter, Gerhard — born Feb. 9, 1932, Dresden, Ger. German painter. Beginning in the early 1960s, Richter created paintings that were faithful enlargements of black and white photographs, often family snapshots and landscapes; he would continue this pursuit… …   Universalium

  • Gerhard Richter — Infobox Artist bgcolour = silver name = Gerhard Richter imagesize = 140px caption = Gerhard Richter, 2005 birthdate = Birth date and age|1932|2|9|mf=y location = Dresden, Germany nationality = DEU field = Painting training = Dresden Art Academy,… …   Wikipedia

  • Daniel Sambo Richter — (* 1966 in Görlitz als Daniel Richter) ist ein deutscher Maler und Bildhauer. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Leben 2 Werk 3 Arbeiten im öffentlichen Besitz 4 Ausstellungen …   Deutsch Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”