- Leather jacket
A leather jacket is a type of
clothing, a jacketmade of leather. The jacket has usually a brown, dark greyor blackcolor. Leather jackets can be styled in a variety of ways, and different versions have been associated with different subcultures. For instance, the leather jacket has often been associated with bikers, military aviators, rock stars, punks, metalheads, and police, who have worn versions designed for protective purposes and occasionally for their potentially intimidating appearance.
In the 20th century the leather jacket achieved iconic status, in major part through film. Examples include
Marlon Brando's Johnny Strablercharacter in " The Wild One" (1953), Honor Blackmanas Cathy Galein "The Avengers", and Michael Parein " Eddie and the Cruisers" (1983). As such, these all served to popularize leather jackets in American and British youth from the "greaser" subculture in the 1950s and early 1960s. A later depiction of this style of jacket and time was " The Fonz" in the television series" Happy Days" which was produced in the 1970s and 1980s but depicted life in the 1950s and 1960s. The Fonz's leather jacket is now housed in the Smithsonian Institution, and the "Grease" movie duo has also since popularized leather jackets with their " T-Birds" male clique. Back then a leather jacket would have cost between $7 to $20 which was expensive considering the time.
The leather jackets worn by aviators and members of the military were brown and frequently called "
Bomber jackets" as seen on numerous stars in the 1940s and 1950s such as Jimmy Stewart in the 1957 film, " Night Passage". The brown leather jacket has been a de rigueur part of the wardrobe of a Hollywood adventurer, from Gary Cooperin For Whom the Bell Tolls to Harrison Fordin the Indiana Jonesfilm series. While the black leather jacket fad ended in the early 1960s, bomber jackets, often with sheepskincollars, have remained popular. They can be seen in the 1986 film, "Top Gun".
There are many more examples of iconic leather jackets worn in popular culture, such as the one worn by the
T-800character of The Terminatormovies and the longer ¾ length trench coat style worn by action heroes such as Steven Seagal, and Keanu Reevesand Laurence Fishburnein The Matrixfilms. Another example is the leather jackets worn by Brad Pittin the movie Fight Club, where the antagonist Tyler Durdenconstantly appears with different variations of his 'red' leather jacket. Other famous leather jacket icons include those worn by members of the Black Panthersin the 1960s and 1970s, punk rockgroups such as the Ramones, the Libertines, members of heavy metal subcultures, etc. In most pop culture examples, the jackets are worn by people cultivating an intimidating and potentially violent or rebellious image. The tan leather jacket in particular has become very popular with the Brit Popand Indie music image and culture and is famously worn by people such as Kelly Jonesof the Stereophonics.
There is a substantial difference between leather jackets made for fashionable purposes and those worn for protection (in activities such as motorcycle riding). Leather jackets designed for protective use are safety equipment and are heavier, thicker, and often equipped with armor, thus becoming a very practical item of clothing regardless of the symbolism invested in them by popular culture. A leather jacket primarily designed for fashion purposes is not likely to be of much use in a motorcycle accident.
Leather jackets were also popular with the Russian Bolsheviks and were nearly a uniform for the
Commissars during the Russian Civil Warand later for the members of the Cheka. This practice is said to have been initiated by Yakov Sverdlov.
Rocker jacket, popular subculturewear
Motorcycle safety clothing
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