- House Leader
Canada, each political party with representation in the House of Commons has a House Leader who is a front bench Member of Parliament(MP) and an expert in parliamentary procedure. The House Leader is in charge of the party's day-to-day business in the Canadian House of Commons, and usually conducts negotiations with other parties on the conduct of Bills and debates.
They also argue Points of Order before the Speaker of the House. The "House Leader" is not the same as the party leader, but for Opposition parties, is the leader's senior deputy. The
Government House Leaderis a senior cabinet minister who navigates the government's business in the House. This system is replicated in the various provincial legislatures. The position of House Leader is especially important during periods of minority governmentwhere no one party has control of the House, and bills can only be passed with the agreement of several parties.
Prime Minister of Canadaand Leader of the Official Opposition originally had these responsibilities. In 1944, however, as a result of the increasing burdens placed on government by the Second World War, Prime Minister William Lyon Mackenzie Kingdelegated these responsibilities to another member of the Canadian Cabinet. In 1946, the position of Government House Leaderwas formally recognized.
The position of Opposition House Leader evolved in the 1950s as each Opposition party began to designate a particular MP to question the Government House Leader on upcoming House business. The title of Opposition House Leader became official in
1963, and in 1974, a special annual indemnity was attached to the position of House Leader in each of the opposition parties.
Notable Canadian House Leaders include
Stanley Knowlesof the New Democratic Party, and its predecessor, the Cooperative Commonwealth Federation, Allan MacEachenand Herb Grayof the Liberal Party, and Erik Nielsenof the Progressive Conservative Party
For the equivalent position in the UK, see:
Leader of the House of Commons, and Leader of the House of Lords. For Australia, see Leader of the House (Australia). For the United States, see Floor Leader.
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