- Viburnum lantana
name = "Viburnum lantana"
image_width = 240px
image_caption = Foliage and immature fruit
divisio = Magnoliophyta
classis = Magnoliopsida
genus = "
species = "V. lantana"
binomial = "Viburnum lantana"
binomial_authority = L.
"Viburnum lantana" (Wayfaring Tree) is a species of "
Viburnum", native to central, southern and western Europe(north to Yorkshirein England), northwest Africa, and southwestern Asia. [http://rbg-web2.rbge.org.uk/cgi-bin/nph-readbtree.pl/feout?FAMILY_XREF=&GENUS_XREF=Viburnum+&SPECIES_XREF=lantana&TAXON_NAME_XREF=&RANK= Flora Europaea: "Viburnum lantana"] ] Blamey, M. & Grey-Wilson, C. (1989). "Flora of Britain and Northern Europe". ISBN 0-340-40170-2] Huxley, A., ed. (1992). "New RHS Dictionary of Gardening". Macmillan ISBN 0-333-47494-5.]
It is a
deciduous shrubor small treegrowing to 4-5 m tall. The leaves are opposite, simple oval to lanceolate, 6-13 cm long and 4-9 cm broad, with a finely serrated margin; they are densely downy on the underside, less so on the upper surface. The hermaphrodite flowers are small (5 mm), creamy-white, produced in dense cymes 4-10 cm diameter at the top of the stems; they are produced in early summer, and pollinated by insects. The fruitis an oblong drupe8 mm long, green at first, turning red, then finally black at full maturity, and contains a single seed. The seeds are dispersed when birds eat the fruit, then deposit the seeds in another location in their droppings.
An older name for the plant is hoarwithy. 'Hoar' means white and is in reference to the white hairs under the leaves, whilst 'withy' means a pliant stem. [ The
Reader's DigestField Guide to the Trees and Shrubs of Britain "p.87".]
Cultivation and uses
It is commonly grown as an
ornamental plantfor its flowers and berries, growing best on alkaline soils. A number of cultivars have been selected, including 'Aureum', with yellow leaves in spring.
The fruit is mildly toxic, and may cause vomiting or diarrhoea if eaten in large amounts.
Plants for a Future: [http://www.pfaf.org/database/plants.php?Viburnum+lantana "Viburnum lantana"] ]
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.