- Pound Hill
infobox UK place
country = England
official_name= Pound Hill
population = 14,700 (2001 data)
region= South East England
Pound Hill is a neighbourhood within the town of
Crawleyin West Sussex, England. Pound Hill is located on the east of Crawley. It is bordered by Three Bridgesand Manor Royal to the west and Maidenbower to the south.
It is the largest of the 13 neighbourhoods of Crawley. Until 2004, it was the first one to be split into two wards - Pound Hill North and Pound Hill South. Its boundaries extend north beyond the main built-up area thus making it also the most northerly neighbourhood in the town.
Pound Hill was originally a hamlet within the parish of Worth. In 1809 an Act of Parliament created a turnpike between Horley and Balcombe, this road (now called the Balcombe Road) entered the parish from the North and at the top of Pound Hill it turned east and followed the Crawley to Turners Hill road, after a few hundred yards the road then turned south along Church Lane in Worth. The houses and farms around the "Pound Hill" junction became known as Pound Hill. Due to the close proximity of Worth Church, Pound Hill did not develop into a village. The turnpike was busy and the hill leading down Church Lane became difficult for wheeled vehicles. Church Lane was bypassed when a new road was made directly south from Pound Hill junction to join the old road at the bottom of the hill near Frogshole Farm. A public house the "Kings Head" became a popular stopping place for coaches between London and Brighton. But by the 1830s the "Kings Head" had become a private house and most of the coaches used the new turnpike through Crawley.
By 1916 a telephone exchange had been built in Pound Hill.
In the 1920s and 1930s a number of large estates in the area were sold and land became available for development. In Pound Hill 102 houses were built along St Mary's Drive. Although further land was cleared the development in the area was stopped by the
Second World War. Post-war further houses were built around St Mary's Drive.
Pound Hill - Crawley New Town
With the creation of Crawley New Town in 1947 the Pound Hill area was proposed as a neighbourhood. It not only included the original area of Pound Hill but all the land between the London-Brighton railway and the Balcombe Road, and south from Crawley Avenue to the Three Bridges-East Grinstead Railway. And later it included the area around Worth church. Work began and building new houses around 1953 and the southern part of Pound Hill was completed in 1956. Development of the northern part continued into the 1970s. Also in the 1970s the area to the east between the Balcombe Road and the
M23 motorwaywas developed and other areas were infilled. In 1981 Pound Hill had 11,617 inhabitants.
Pound Hill - Crawley
Pound Hill has a wide variety of housing from small flats to very large modern houses.
Public houses in the area include The White Knight, a focus for live entertainment, the Tavern on the Green which is a more family orientated pub and The Hillside which specialises in Pub Food.
The area of Worth is within the boundaries of Pound Hill. This has no official recognition, however the 'Pound Hill South' ward was renamed in 2004 to 'Pound Hill South and Worth'. It is common for signposts to be altered to use the Worth name by local residents.
Pound Hill was formerly the home of Robert Smith of rock band
Other bands to hail from the area include Eat Me Alice, The Molotovs, Great White Line, Black Gang Chine, The Mayflys, The Freebasing Floorboards, Straight to Video, Partario's Music Therapy and solo artists Rory Flynn,Us and Them, Tom Eveleigh, Rob Worel, Lorenzo Cavendish and Stuart Cochrane. Lead guitarist Olaf Hartberg with Birmingham based band The Skeksis also hails from this area of Crawley.
A school in the area collapsed under the weight of a severe storm that hit Britain on
25 January 1990, but all pupils had been evacuated just minutes before the building collapsed. [http://news.bbc.co.uk/onthisday/hi/dates/stories/january/25/newsid_3420000/3420797.stm]
* Elrington, C.R (editor) (1987) "The Victoria History of the County of Sussex" Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-722768-6
* Gwynne, Peter. (1990) "A History of Crawley" (2nd Edition) Philmore. ISBN 0-85033-718-6
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