Barbara Baynton

Barbara Baynton

Infobox Writer
name = Barbara Baynton

imagesize = 150px
caption = Barbara Baynton, about 1892
pseudonym =
birthdate = birth date|1857|06|04
birthplace = Scone, Hunter River district, New South Wales
deathdate = death date and age|1929|05|28|1857|06|04
deathplace = Melbourne
occupation = Writer
nationality = flagicon|Australia Australian
period = 19th century
genre =
subject =
movement =
influences = Henry Lawson
influenced =

website =

Barbara Janet Ainsleigh Baynton, Lady Headley (4 June 185728 May 1929) was an Australian writer, made famous for "Bush Studies" which was written in retaliation to Henry Lawson's works.


Baynton was born in 1857 at Scone, Hunter River district, New South Wales, the daughter of Irish "bounty immigrants", John Lawrence and Elizabeth Ewart, although she claimed to be born in 1862 to Penelope Ewart and Captain Robert Kilpatrick, of the Bengal Light Cavalry.Carter (2003) p. 13] This fiction gave her "entrée to polite circles as a governess" and, in 1880, she married Alexander Frater, the son of her employers. They soon moved to the Coonamble district, and had two sons and a daughter. However, Alexander Frater ran off with a servant, Sarah Glover, in 1887, and Barbara moved to Sydney and commenced divorce proceedings. A decree absolute was granted 4 March 1890.

On 5 March 1890 she married Dr Thomas Baynton, a retired surgeon aged 70 years who had literary friends. A few years later she began contributing short stories to the "Bulletin" and six of these were published in 1902 in London by Gerald Duckworth and Company Ltd under the title of "Bush Studies", Mrs Baynton unable to find a publisher for them in Sydney. Alfred Stephens, a close friend, reviewed the book in the "Bulletin" and stated: "'So precise, so complete, with such insight into detail and such force of statement, it ranks with the masterpieces of realism in any language". Percival Serle, however, found that "The building up of detail, however, is at times overdone, and lacking humorous relief, the stories tend to give a distorted view of life in the back-blocks."

Baynton's husband died on 10 June 1904 and left his entire estate to her. She invested in the stock market, bought and sold antiques, and collected black opals from Lightning Ridge. In 1907, her only novel, "Human Toll", was published, and in 1917 "Cobbers", a reprint of "Bush Studies" with two additional stories, appeared. During World War I Mrs Baynton was living in England and in 1921 she married her third husband Baron Headley.

Barbara died at Melbourne on 28 May 1929. She was survived by Lord Headley, and her two sons and daughter by the first marriage.



* [ 'Baynton, Barbara Jane (1857 - 1929)] ', Australian Dictionary of Biography, Volume 7, MUP, 1979, pp 222-223.
*Carter, Jennifer M. T. (2003) "'Getting to know you': Illusive writers" in "National Library of Australia News", XIV(2): 11-14, November 2003
*Dictionary of Australian Biography|First=Barbara|Last=Baynton|Link=

External links

* [ Bayton Biography]
* [ Barbara Baynton: Liar or Truth-teller]
* [ AustLit Agent]
* [ Lawson and Baynton: different perspectives]
* [ Works by Barbara Baynton] at [ Project Gutenberg Australia]

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Нужно решить контрольную?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • BAYNTON, Barbara Janet Ainsleigh (1862-1929) — author daughter of Robert Laurence Kilpatrick, was born at Scone, Hunter River district, New South Wales, in 1862. In 1880 she married Hay Frater and in 1890 Dr Thomas Baynton. A few years later she began contributing short stories to the… …   Dictionary of Australian Biography

  • Baynton —   [ beɪntən], Barbara, geborene Lawrence [ lɔːrəns], australische Schriftstellerin, * Scone (New South Wales) 4. 6. 1857, ✝ Melbourne 28. 5. 1929; beschrieb Schrecken und Tragik eines Lebens im Busch.   Werke: Kurzgeschichten: Bush studies… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Baynton — /ˈbeɪntən/ (say bayntuhn) noun Barbara Jane, 1857–1929, Australian author; wrote Bush Studies (1902) …  

  • Bush Studies — is a short story collection by Barbara Baynton. Bush Studies was published in London in 1902. Baynton s short stories and novel display a grim realism and depiction of female suffering which represents an alternative view to the romanticism of… …   Wikipedia

  • Rowland Allanson-Winn, 5th Baron Headley — Infobox Celebrity name = Rowland Allanson Winn caption = birth date = January 19, 1855 birth place = London death date = June 22, 1935 death place = Wiltshire, England occupation = Muslim scholarRowland George Allanson Allanson Winn, 5th Baron… …   Wikipedia

  • Penne Hackforth-Jones — Infobox actor name = Penne Hackforth Jones birthdate = birth date and age|1949|8|5 birthname = Penelope Beatrix Hackforth Jones location = Greenwich, Connecticut spouse = emmyawards = goldenglobeawards = Penne Hackforth Jones (born August 5, 1949 …   Wikipedia

  • Jo Gullett — Henry Baynton Somer Jo Gullett AM MC, (16 December 1914 24 August 1999) was an Australian soldier, politician, diplomat and journalist. He served with distinction in the Australian Army during World War II, was a controversial Liberal member of… …   Wikipedia

  • List of Australian novelists — This is a list of novelists living in Australia or publishing significantly while living there.A* Azhar Abidi (born 1968) Passarola Rising * Glenda Adams (1939–2007) Miles Franklin Award winner (1987) Dancing on Coral * Maggie Alderson (born… …   Wikipedia

  • Australian literature — Introduction       the body of literatures, both oral and written, produced in Australia.       Perhaps more so than in other countries, the literature of Australia characteristically expresses collective values. Even when the literature deals… …   Universalium

  • Australian literature — began soon after the settlement of the country by Europeans. Common themes include indigenous and settler identity, alienation, exile and relationship to place but it is a varied and contested area. Early works Early popular works tended to be of …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”