List of assassinated people from Turkey

List of assassinated people from Turkey

The following is an incomplete, chronological list of people from Turkey murdered by assassins mainly on political and religious grounds. Many of these were intellectuals proponent of laicism and the strict separation of religion and state, as it is defined on the Constitution of Turkey and also many diplomats who were the victims of terrorist attacks all around the world. [ [ Armenian Terrorism against Turkish diplomatic and non-diplomatic institutions - A Chronological List, 1973 - 1986] ]

Mustafa Suphi

* 28 January, 1921: Mustafa Suphi is the founder of the Communist Party of Turkey. Mustafa Suphi and his 14 comrades were assassinated while they were sailing through the Black Sea to reach Anatolia, in order to join the Independence war.

Mehmet Baydar and Bahadır Demir

* 27 January, 1973: Mehmet Baydar was Turkey's consul general in Los Angeles, and Bahadır Demir his deputy, in 1973. Shot down by Armenian Genocide survivor Gourgen Yanikian in a Santa Barbara hotel who had invited them there on the pretext of a donating a painting to the Turkish government. Yanikian, sentenced to life imprisonment, was amnestied in 1984 and died shortly afterwards.

The event is considered to be the first in a decade-long chain of organized attacks against Turkish diplomats by Armenian guerrillas. [cite web|url=
work=ASALA Online

Daniş Tunalıgil

*22 October, 1975: Turkey’s Vienna Ambassador Daniş Tunaligil was murdered by three Armenian terrorists raiding the Embassy. [ [ Terrorist Organizations, ASALA] ]

İsmail Erez

* 24 October, 1975: Turkey’s Paris Ambassador İsmail Erez and his driver Talip Yener were murdered by Armenian terrorists in the vicinity of the Embassy by car bomb. [cite news|url=
title=News Summary and Index; The Major Events of the Day International National Metropolitan
work=New York Times
quote=Ismail Erez, Turkey's Ambassador to France, was fatally shot in Paris by assassins who also killed his chauffeur.
] [cite web|url=,9171,913623,00.html
title=Adding Up to an Epidemic
quote=Two days after the Vienna murder, gunmen in Paris opened fire on a car belonging to the Turkish ambassador to France, Ismail Erez, 56, who died along with his chauffeur.
] [cite news|url=
title=Turkey commemorates martyr diplomats
work=Turkish Daily News

Taha Carım

* 9 June, 1977: Turkey’s Vatican Ambassador Taha Carim was killed by the cross fire of two Armenian guerrillas in front of the Embassy’s residence Rome, Italy. [ [ Turkish Diplomats killed by Arrmenaian terrorists] ]

Bedrettin Cömert

*11 March 1978: Art historian, scholar, literary critic and translator. He was an academician in Hacettepe University. Shot dead in his car with his wife heavily wounded by Rıfat Yıldırım, Üzeyir Bayraklı and by another man nicknamed "Ahmet" who were ultra-nationalists and directly funded by the Turkish state. Ankara 5. Tribunal Correctionnel decided that Abdullah Çatlı was the responsible. But nobody was punished as a result.

Abdi İpekçi

*1 February, 1979: Editor of the major national newspaper "Milliyet". [ [ Brief biography] ] Killed in his car in the street, where he lived, by Mehmet Ali Ağca, a member of the ultra-nationalist Grey Wolves, who would later try to assassinate the Pope, John Paul II in 1981.

Metin Yüksel

*March 23, 1979: Turkish Islamic political and social activist. Shot to death outside of Istanbul's Fatih Mosque by nationalist gunmen while leaving Friday prayers.

Cavit Orhan Tütengil

* 7 December, 1979: Professor of Sociology at Istanbul University, columnist of the newspaper "Cumhuriyet". Shot dead at a city bus stop in Istanbul. [cite news|url=|title=Başlarken... |work=Milliyet|date=1999-01-24|accessdate=2008-08-27|language=Turkish]

Ümit Kaftancıoğlu

* 11 April, 1980: TV producer, writer and columnist of the newspaper "Cumhuriyet". Gunned down in front of his home in Istanbul as he was about to get in his car. [cite news|url=
title=Bir 'Garip' Kaftancıoğlu
quote=11 Nisan 1980'de Mecidiyeköy'de, küçücük çocuğunu okula götürürken, gün ortasında, kızının gözleri önünde katledilen bu değerli aydınımız

Gün Sazak

* May 27, 1980: customs and tobacco minister of Turkey for shortly time, right lift politician. Murdured in front of his car while put out baggage. Radical leftist Turkish militant group Dev Sol (Revolutionary Left) claimed responsibility for the attack.

Nihat Erim

* 19 July, 1980: Prime Minister of Turkey in 1971-1972, for almost 14 months. Shot to death by two gunmen in İstanbul. Radical leftist Turkish militant group Dev Sol (Revolutionary Left) claimed responsibility for the attack.

Kemal Türkler

* July 22, 1980: Socialist trade union leader and left-wing politician. Murdered in front of his home by ultra-right militants.

Atilla Altıkat

* 23 August, 1982: Turkish military attaché in Canada. Assassinated in his car while driving in Ottawa, Canada by the Justice Commandos Against Armenian Genocide.

Muammer Aksoy

* 31 January, 1990: Professor of law at Ankara University, Faculty of Political science; author of books on Kemalism; elected head of the Ankara Bar Association 1969, columnist of the newspaper "Cumhuriyet". Shot in the back of his head in front of his house. [cite news|url=
title=Suspects told the murders
author=Gokcer Tahincioglu, Ersan Atar
] [cite news|url=
title=Murdered journalist Aksoy commemorated
work=Turkish Daily News

Turan Dursun

* 4 September, 1990 Former member of clergy, descended from Islam and wrote to criticize Islam and promote atheism. Shot to death in front of his house. Case remains unresolved.

Bahriye Üçok

* 6 October, 1990: Female academic, pro-secular theologist, columnist of the newspaper "Cumhuriyet". Killed by a parcel bomb. [cite web
title=Turkish Prime Minister Bulent Ecevit has accused Iran of failing to respond to evidence of Iranian involvement in the murders of Turkish pro-secular writers and academics
work=Voice of America
publisher=Federation of American Scientists
] [cite news|url=
title=Iran accused of aiding Islamist violence in Turkey: report
work=Agence France Presse
publisher=Iran Focus

Kemal Kayacan

* 28 June, 1992: Admiral(Retired),Former Commander of The Turkish Naval Forces. Shot dead in his House

Musa Anter

*1992. Kurdish writer, assassinated in Diyarbakir. European Court of Human Rights fined Turkey for this assassination, allegedly committed by JITEM illegal gendarmerie unit.

Zübeyir Akkoç

* 13 January, 1993: Union member of Kurdish origin. His murder led to the European Court of Human Rights case "Akkoç v. Turkey" (2000).

Uğur Mumcu

* 24 January, 1993: Research journalist, columnist of the major newspaper "Cumhuriyet". Killed in front of his home in Ankara by a bomb installed in his car. [ [ Public outrage over Mumcu's murder unabated four years later; Foundation carries on Ugur Mumcu's work] ]

Onat Kutlar

* 11 January, 1995: A prominent Turkish art critic, writer, poet, columnist for the daily "Cumhuriyet" and one of the founders of the Istanbul International Film Festival, died of injuries he suffered during a bomb attack at a hotel in İstanbul. [cite news|url=
title=Yazar Onat KUTLAR, 11 Ocak 1995 de Yaşamını Yitirdi

Metin Goktepe

* 8 January, 1996: DOClink| [ Metin Goktepe] , a Kurdish journalist of Evrensel was beaten to death by Turkish police while covering civil unrest in the Gazi district of Istanbul. The first case in Turkey where the police were convicted of murder.

Özdemir Sabancı

* 9 January, 1996: Businessman and a member of the Sabancı family in the second generation. Gunned down in his office in Sabancı Towers, Levent, İstanbul, by assassins hired by the leftist armed group DHKP-C. The general manager of ToyotaSA and a secretary was also killed. They had been given access to the building by Fehriye Erdal, a female member of DHKP-C, who was an employee at that time.

Ahmet Taner Kışlalı

* 21 October, 1999: Academic, writer. politician, former Minister of Culture and columnist of the newspaper "Cumhuriyet". Killed in Ankara by a bomb placed on the windshield of his car. [cite news|url=
title=A tragic loss for the nation
work=Turkish Daily News
] [Hocaoglu, Selcan. [ Prominent secularist academic and writer slain in Ankara] , "Associated Press", 23 October, 1999.]

Gaffar Okkan

* 24 January, 2001: Diyarbakır Police Chief, his driver and four policemen escorting him were shot dead in a terrorist attack after they left Diyarbakır Police Department building. [ [ Crowds mourn slain Turkish officers] ]

Üzeyir Garih

* 25 August, 2001: He was a prominent Turkish Jewish businessman and a founding partner of the Alarko group of companies. He was stabbed to death in the cemetery of the historic İstanbul quarter of Eyüp.

Necip Hablemitoğlu

* 19 December, 2002: A historian, Associate Professor from the "Ankara University" who was killed in an armed attack near his home in Ankara. Associated with Adenauer Foundation & gold mining in Pergamon, Turkey. [ [ Dr. Necip Hablemitoğlu] ]

Mustafa Yücel Özbilgin

* 17 May, 2006: Council of State member judge. Murdered during a session in the high court in Ankara. [ [ Judge dies in Turkey court attack] ]

Hrant Dink

* 19 January, 2007: Armenian-Turkish journalist and editor-in-chief of the weekly Armenian and Turkish language newspaper "Agos" in Istanbul. Shot dead in front of his newspaper's office. [cite news|url=
title=Turkish-Armenian editor shot dead in Istanbul
author=Paul de Bendern and Thomas Grove
] Ergenekon network has been suspected of involvement.

Bible publishing firm murders in Malatya, Turkey

*18 April, 2007. Three Christian missionnaries assassinated. Ergenekon network has been suspected of being involved in this case.

ee also

*List of assassinated people


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