- Baptist Union of Romania
The Baptist Union of Romania ("Uniunea Baptistă din România") is an alliance of
Baptistchurches for cooperative ministry in Romania. Since independent (or individual) churches have no legal standing in Romania, the Baptist Union also provides a mediatorial relationship between churches and government.
The first modern-era Baptists in Romania were of German extraction. Karl Scharschmidt came to Romania from
Hungaryin 1856 and settled in Bucharest. Scharschmidt, a carpenter by trade, had been baptized by Johann Gerhard Onckenin Hamburgin 1845. By 1863 enough converts had been made to form a church, and Oncken sent August Liebig to serve them as pastor. This church, the oldest Baptist church in Romania, in still in existence and meets on Popa Rusa Street. Russian Baptist immigrants, mostly from the southern Ukraine, came to Dobrogea around 1862 and founded a church in Cataloi in 1869. Hungarian Baptists formed a church in Transylvania in 1875.
Baptist witness did not enter Old Romania until the 20th century, and
Orthodoxopposition was strong. Nevertheless, a church was organized in Jegalia in 1909. An ethnic Romanian church was formed in Bucharest in 1912 by Constantin Adorian (1882-1954), a Romanian who had joined the German Baptist church in Bucharest. Adorian led in forming the Baptist Union of Romania in 1919.Before 1944, the legal status of evangelical groups such as the Baptists was not well defined. Due to World War IIand the military dictatorship of General Antonescu, laws were passed in 1942 and 1943 dissolving all religious associations in Romania. As a consequence, Baptists could not meet, worship or evangelize. On August 31, 1944these laws were abolished, and the Baptists (and others) could once again engage in religious activity legally. In 1948 Baptists were recognized as a legal "cult" (the generic term used by the Romanian government to describe religious bodies).
Hungarian Baptists have maintained their independence and cooperate with the Baptist Union as a "sister" denomination known as the
Convention of the Hungarian Baptist Churches of Romania. Since 1999, the Hungarian Baptist Churches Convention is affiliated to the Baptist Union of Romania alongside other 15 territorial "communities" (or associations) - Arad, Bacău, Brăila, Bucharest, Cluj, Constanţa, Craiova, Oradea, Sebiş (Arad County), Sibiu, Suceava, Hunedoara and Timişoara.
The Baptist Union of Romania is the second-largest Baptist body in Europe. In 1995, there were over 100,000 members in 1323 churches. By 2000 the number had risen to over 1500 churches and more than 110,000 members. According to the 2002 Romanian National Census, there are 129,000 baptist citizens in the country. The Baptist Union of Romania's leadership is established by the vote of all baptists churches representatives gathered once every four years in Congress (general assembly). They elect the National Council (which includes representatives from all the regional associations and Hungarian baptists) and the Executive Committee (which includes the President, the General Secretary, 4 Vicepresidents and the Deputy General Secretary). The Baptist Union issues a periodical magazine called "The Christian - Today", a theological addendum and other books and printed materials for the use of its members. Its headquarters are in Bucharest. Many Baptist pastors and ministers are formed in one of the two Baptist theological schools in Romania: The Baptist Theological Institute in Bucharest or the "Emmanuel" University in Oradea, Bihor. An increasing number of pastors, however, are receiving graduate training in ministry from [http://www.centralseminary.edu/ Central Baptist Theological Seminary] of Minneapolis, which operates a campus in Arad.
Theologically, the Baptist Union of Romania is very conservative. According to remarks that President Paul Negruţ delivered to the Missouri Baptist Convention, the leadership of the Baptist Union has been monitoring liberalism in the
Baptist World Alliancefor more than a decade. The group ended its participation in the European Baptist Federationduring the 1990s and President Negruţ has publicly endorsed the withdrawal of the Southern Baptist Conventionfrom the Baptist World Alliance.
In 2004, the Baptist Union of Romania and the Convention of the Hungarian Baptist Churches of Romania entered into a three-year partnership with the Missouri Baptist Convention (an affiliate of the
Southern Baptist Convention), primarily for the purpose of evangelism and starting new churches.
In May 2007, Oti Bunaciu was elected president of the Union. Though the previous president indicated a withdrawal from the Baptist World Alliance, the Union has never withdrawn their membership. The Union still sends active representation to the "European Baptist Federation,"a regional body within the Baptist World Alliance. The Baptist Union of Romania still has ties to the Southern Baptist Convention, however it still embraces relations with the Alliance and the Federation.
* [http://www.baptist.ro/ Official site]
* [http://www.ibchurch.us/ International Church Romania]
* [http://www.romanianbaptist.com/ Romanian Baptist Church of Hickory, USA]
* [http://TineriSararie.byCodDot.com/ Youth website of First Baptist Church of Iasi - "Buna Vestire" ("The Annunciation"), Romania, Iasi]
*"Baptists Around the World", by Albert W. Wardin, Jr.
*"The Baptist Heritage: Four Centuries of Baptist Witness", by H. Leon McBeth
*"Constitution of The Baptist Union of Romania", Bucureşti, 1999.
*"Romanian Leader Concurs: SBC Should Withdraw from BWA," in "BP NEWS" 3 Mar 2004.
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