Sugar Pine

Sugar Pine

name = Sugar Pine
status = LR/lc | status_system = IUCN2.3

image_width = 240px
image_caption = Sugar Pine cones and needles
regnum = Plantae
divisio = Pinophyta
classis = Pinopsida
ordo = Pinales
familia = Pinaceae
genus = "Pinus"
subgenus = "Strobus"
species = "P. lambertiana"
binomial = "Pinus lambertiana"
binomial_authority = Douglas

range_map_width = 240px
range_map_caption = Range

The Sugar Pine ("Pinus lambertiana"; family Pinaceae) is a species of pine that occurs in the mountains of Oregon and California in the western United States, and Baja California in northwestern Mexico; specifically the Sierra Nevada, the Cascade Range, the Coast Ranges, and the Sierra San Pedro Martir.

This tree is the largest species of pine, commonly growing to 40-60 meters (130-200 feet) tall, exceptionally up to 81 m (265 ft) tall, and with a trunk diameter of 1.5-2.5 m (5-8 ft), exceptionally 3.5 m (11 ft).

It is a member of the white pine group, "Pinus" subgenus "Strobus", and like all members of that group, the leaves ('needles') are in fascicles (bundles) of five, with a deciduous sheath. They are 6-11 cm (2-4 inch) long. Sugar Pine is notable for having the longest cones of any conifer, mostly 25-50 cm (10-20 in) long, exceptionally up to 66 cm (26 in) long (although the cones of the Coulter pine are more massive). The seeds are 10-12 mm (0.4-0.5 in) long, with a 2-3 cm (0.75-1.2 in) long wing that aids wind dispersal.

The Sugar Pine has been severely affected by the White Pine Blister Rust ("Cronartium ribicola"), a fungus that was accidentally introduced from Europe in 1909. A high proportion of the Sugar Pine has been killed by the blister rust, particularly in the northern part of the species' range that has experienced the rust for a longer period of time. The rust has also destroyed much of the Western White Pine and Whitebark Pine throughout their ranges. [] The U.S. Forest Service has a program (see link below) for developing rust-resistant Sugar Pine and Western White Pine. Seedlings of these trees have been introduced into the wild. The Sugar Pine Foundation in the Lake Tahoe Basin has been successful in finding resistant sugar pine seed trees and has demonstrated that it is important for private citizens to assist the U.S. Forest Service in restoring this species. []

Naturalist John Muir considered Sugar Pine to be the "king of the conifers". The name comes from the sweet resin, which Muir found preferable to maple sugar. []


In the Achumawi creation myth, Annikadel, the creator, makes one of the 'First People' by intentionally dropping a Sugar Pine seed in a place suitable for growth. One of the descendants in this ancestry is Sugarpine-Cone man, who has a handsome son named Ahsoballache.

After Ahsoballache marries the daughter of To'kis the Chipmunk-woman, his grandfather insists that the new couple have a child. To this end, the grandfather breaks open a scale from a Sugar Pine cone, and secretly instructs Ahsoballache to immerse the scale's contents in spring water and hide it inside a covered basket. Ahsoballache performs the tasks that night; at the next dawn, he and his wife discover the infant Edechewe near their bed.

References and external links

* [ US Forestry Service: Pinus lambertiana]
* [ de Villardebelle: photo of a cone]
* [ Gymnosperm Database: "Pinus lambertiana"]
* [ Flora of North America: "Pinus lambertiana"]
* [ US Forest Service, Dorena Genetic Resource Center (rust resistance program)]
* [ The Sugar Pine Foundation (Sugar Pine and Western White Pine Restoration Program)]
* Muir, J. (1911). "My First Summer in the Sierra".

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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Sugar pine — Sugar Sug ar, n. [OE. sugre, F. sucre (cf. It. zucchero, Sp. az[ u]car), fr. Ar. sukkar, assukkar, fr. Skr. [,c]arkar[=a] sugar, gravel; cf. Per. shakar. Cf. {Saccharine}, {Sucrose}.] 1. A sweet white (or brownish yellow) crystalline substance,… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • sugar pine — Pine Pine, n. [AS. p[=i]n, L. pinus.] 1. (Bot.) Any tree of the coniferous genus {Pinus}. See {Pinus}. [1913 Webster] Note: There are about twenty eight species in the United States, of which the {white pine} ({Pinus Strobus}), the {Georgia pine} …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • sugar pine — ☆ sugar pine n. a giant pine (Pinus lambertiana) of the Pacific coast, with soft, reddish brown wood, large cones, sugarlike resin, and needles in groups of five …   English World dictionary

  • sugar pine — saldžioji pušis statusas T sritis vardynas apibrėžtis Pušinių šeimos dekoratyvinis, medieninis augalas (Pinus lambertiana), paplitęs Šiaurės Amerikoje. atitikmenys: lot. Pinus lambertiana angl. sugar pine vok. Zuckerkiefer šaltinis Valstybinės… …   Lithuanian dictionary (lietuvių žodynas)

  • Sugar Pine, California — is an unincorporated community in Tuolumne County, California, United States.Fact|date=February 2008 It is located roughly 1 mile off on the opposite side of state route 108.External Links* [ Mi Wuk Village Weather… …   Wikipedia

  • Sugar Pine Point Light — The Sugar Pine Point Light was a small lighthouse located on Lake Tahoe in California.In 1921, various commercial interests lobbied for the replacement of the Rubicon Point Light with a light on Sugar Pine Point. It was suggested that the light… …   Wikipedia

  • Sugar Pine Peak — Infobox Mountain Name = Sugar Pine Peak Photo = Caption = Elevation = 4,825 ft (1,471 m) Prominence = Location = Yuba / Sierra counties, California, USA Range = Northern Sierra Nevada Coordinates = coord|39|36|27|N|121|00|55|W|type:mountain… …   Wikipedia

  • sugar pine — sug′ar pine n. pln the tallest American pine, Pinus lambertiana, of California, Oregon, etc., having cones 20 in. (51 cm) long …   From formal English to slang

  • sugar pine — noun Date: 1846 a very tall pine (Pinus lambertiana) found from Oregon to Baja California and having needles in clusters of five, cones up to 18 inches (46 cm) long, and soft reddish brown wood; also its wood …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • sugar pine — a tall pine, Pinus lambertiana, of California, Oregon, etc., having cones 20 in. (51 cm) long. [1840 50, Amer.] * * * …   Universalium

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