- List of civil parishes in Scotland
This is a list of the 871 civil parishes in
From 1845 to 1930, parishes formed part of the
local governmentsystem of Scotland: having parochial boards from 1845 to 1894, and parish councils from 1894 until 1930.
The parishes, which had their origins in the ecclesiastical
parishes of the Church of Scotland, often overlapped county boundaries, largely because they reflected earlier territorial divisions.
In the early 1860s, many parishes which were physically detached from their county were re-allocated to the county by which they were surrounded; some border parishes were transferred to neighbouring counties. This affects the indexing of such things as birth, marriage, and death registrations and other records indexed by county.
In 1891, there were further substantial changes to the areas of many parishes, as the boundary commission appointedunder the
Local Government (Scotland) Act 1889eliminated many anomalies, and assigned divided parishes to a single county.
Parishes have had no direct administrative function since 1930. In that year, all parishes and parts of parishes outside
burghs, (technically known as "landward"), were grouped into districts with elected district councils. These districts were abolished in 1975, and the new local authorities established in that year often cut across parish boundaries.
In 1996, there was a further reorganisation of Scottish local government, and a number of civil parishes lie in two or more council areas.
Civil parishes are still used for some statistical purposes, and separate census figures are published for them. As their areas have been largely unchanged since the nineteenth century this allows for comparison of population figures over an extended period of time.
There have been many variations in the spelling of some parish names over the historical period. In this list the names as used in the reports of the
General Register Office for Scotlandfor the 2002 census are used. Where there are two parishes with the same name, the council area in which it is now included is appended.
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