- Brooklyn-Manhattan Transit Corporation
The Brooklyn-Manhattan Transit Corporation (BMT) was an
urban transit holding company, based in Brooklyn, New York City, United States, and incorporated in 1923. It is now the BMT Division of the New York City Subway. Together with the IND, it is operationally described as B Division. The original BMT routes have the letters from NYCS|J to NYCS service|R, as well as the Franklin Avenue Shuttle(S). The ex-IND NYCS service|B, NYCS service|D and NYCS service|F partly use former BMT trackage, as does a short section of the NYCS service|A in Queens, while the NYCS service|W and NYCS|Z supplement the NYCS service|N and NYCS|J.
The BMT was the successor in bankruptcy to the
Brooklyn Rapid Transit Company. Both companies controlled subsidiaries which operated and supplied services for the great majority of the rapid transitand streetcarlines in Brooklyn, New York with extensions into Queensand Manhattan. The subsidiary that operated the elevated and subway lines was the New York Rapid Transit Corporation.
The predecessor BRT
Some of the former elevated system of the BRT, dating to 1885, remains in use today,the largest being the J line running above Fulton Street from the Alabama Ave. station to a small section turning north after the Crescent St. station. Most of the other surviving structures were either built new or rehabilitated between 1915 and 1922 as part of the Dual Contracts. One piece of structure, the elevated portion of the
The BRT also took over the property of a number of surface railroads, the earliest of which, the
The BMT was a national leader in the transit industry, and was a proponent of advanced urban railways, participating in development of advanced streetcar designs, including the
ale to the City of New York
The BMT was pressed by the City administration of Mayor
* the BMT was forced by provisions of the Dual Contracts to charge no more than a five-cent fare, an amount set in 1913, before the
* the City had the right of "recapture" of those lines that had been built or improved with City participation under those "Dual Contracts". This meant that, if the City forced the issue, the BMT could have been left with a fragmented system and City competition in many of its market areas.
The BMT sold all of its transit operations to the City, completing the deal on
The post-world war II years saw the city-built IND subway taking over parts of the former BMT starting in 1954 with the extending the D-6th Aveune line from its terminal at Church ave via a new connection with the former BMT Culver line at Ditmas Ave. The 3 remaining Culver stations between 9th ave and Ditmas were converted into a connecting shuttle service that ran until 1975 and that part was then torn down. The next connection from the IND to the BMT was the connection between the IND Queens Blvd. Local west of Queens Plaza and the BMT 60th street Tunnel in Dec 1955. This new route was used by the BMT Brighton local that formally ran on the BMT to Astoria now running to Forest Hills along with the IND GG local. The next year saw the new extension of the IND A line in Queens connected to the rebuilt section of the former BMT Fulton Steet El at 80th-St in April 1956. The rest of the BMT Fulton el west of 80th-st to Rockaway ave was torn down . The late 50's and early 60's saw the biggest project of that era with the building of the Chrystie Street Connection which connected the IND 6th ave lines to both BMT lines that ran over the Manhattan and Williamsburg bridges. Both connections opened in Nov, 1967 and created the largest re-routing of lines in the history of the NYCTA. Both the BMT West-End and Brighton Lines became part of the IND system. At first, some IND 6th ave trains called KK and later just K used the connection to the BMT Jamaica line over the Williamsburg bridge, but the K line has long been discontinued and the connection is used for non-revenue trains today.
The BMT operated
* http://www.bmt-lines.com History site devoted to the BMT "by James Poulos"
* [http://www.thethirdrail.net/0001/index.htm Article about BMT rapid transit car designs] in "The Third Rail" by "Paul Matus"
* http://www.rapidtransit.net History site including articles about the BMT
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