- Anabatic wind
An anabatic wind, from the Greek "anabatos", verbal of "anabainein" meaning moving upward, is a
windwhich blows up a steep slope or mountainside. It is also known as an upslope flow. These winds typically occur during the daytime in calm sunny weather. A hillor mountain top will be radiatively warmed by the Sunwhich in turn heats the airjust above it. Air at a similar altitudeover an adjacent valleyor plaindoes not get warmed so much because of the greater distance to the ground below it. The effect may be enhanced if the lower lying ground is shaded by the mountain and so receives less heat.
The air over the hill top is now warmer than the air at a similar altitude around it and will rise through
convection. This creates a lower pressure region into which the air at the bottom of the slope flows, causing the wind. It is common for the air rising from the tops of large mountains to reach a height where it cools adiabatically to below its dew pointand forms cumulus clouds. These can then produce rainor even thunderstorms.
Anabatic winds are particularly useful to soaring
gliderpilots who can use them to increase the aircraft's altitude, though detrimental to the maximum downhill speed of cyclists. Katabatic winds are down-slope winds, frequently produced at night by the opposite effect, the air near to the ground losing heat to it faster than air at a similar altitude over adjacent low-lying land.
Notes & references
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