Russian Wolf

Russian Wolf

Taxobox
name = Russian Wolf
status = LC


image_width = 200px
regnum = Animalia
phylum = Chordata
classis = Mammalia
ordo = Carnivora
familia = Canidae
genus = "Canis"
species = "C. lupus"
subspecies = "C. l. communis"
trinomial = "Canis lupus communis"
trinomial_authority = Schreber, 1775
range_

range_map_width = 250px
range_map_caption = Russian wolf range

The Russian Wolf ("Canis lupus communis") is a subspecies of Grey Wolf which occurs in north-central Russia. It is one of five grey wolf subspecies present in the Russian Federation, which includes the Eurasian Wolf, the Caspian Sea Wolf, the Tibetan Wolf and the Tundra Wolf.

ize

The Russian wolf is large by grey wolf standards, with an average weight of 55 kg and a range of 30-80 kg for males and an average of 45 kg and a range of 23-55 kg for females. [ [http://www.tunturisusi.com/wolf/ Wolf - Canis lupus - Finnish and Russian wolf ] ]

Diet

Wolves in Russia are abundant and highly successful keystone predators in areas devoid of humans, to the extent that the Russian government considers them to be overpopulating. When working in packs, they will hunt large ungulates such as Chamois, Maral, Wild Boar and Moose. Wolves will compete with tigers for limited prey, so their numbers tend to go down when tigers are re-introduced. [http://www.savethetigerfund.org/Content/NavigationMenu2/Community/GeneralPublic/TigerSubspecies/AmurSiberianTigers/default.htm]

Wolves in Russia have been known to be more aggressive toward humans than their North American cousins, [ [http://www.aws.vcn.com/wolf_attacks_on_humans.html Wolf Attacks On Humans ] ] [ [http://www.russianhunting.com/wolf-hunting-in-russia/ Russia Wolf Hunt ] ] with numerous attacks being reported, particularly in rural areas where the populace relies heavily on livestock and lacks effective means of defense.


=HistoryFact|date=October 2008=

At the beginning of the 20th century, the newly formed soviet government worked heavily to eradicate wolves and other predators during an extensive land reclamation program. There was no room for the wolf or any other predator in their plans, so government officials instructed the Red army to exterminate predators on sight; a project that was carried out very efficiently, resulting in the extinction of the Caspian Tiger. During The Great Patriotic War, when the Russian government focused its attention on repelling the Nazi invasion, Wolf populations were given some respite, and actually increased.

After the defeat of Germany, the USSR focused on rebuilding its territories, thus resuming the wolf exterminations. The USSR destroyed 42,300 wolves in 1945, 62,700 wolves in 1946, 58,700 wolves in 1947, 57,600 in 1948, and 55,300 in 1949. From 1950 until 1954, an average of 50,000 wolves were killed annually. The wolf survived mostly because of the vast amount of territory devoid of humans. The first actual Soviet studies on wolves were limited to finding new ways of destroying them. From the 1970s to the 1990s, attitudes began to change in a way which favored protecting the wolf.

Government backed wolf exterminations have been largely discontinued since the fall of the Soviet Union. As a result, their numbers have stabilized somewhat, though they are still hunted legally. It is estimated that nearly 15,000 of Russia's wolves are killed annually for the fur trade and because of human conflict and persecution. Due to the new capitalist government's focus on economy, and other issues plaguing the former communist nation, the study of wolves has been largely discontinued from lack of funding. [ [http://www.wolfsongalaska.org/wolf_russia_history.html Wolf Song of Alaska: A History of Wolves in Russia ] ]

References


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Russian jokes — ( ru. анекдоты (transcribed anekdoty), literally anecdotes) the most popular form of Russian humour, are short fictional stories or dialogues with a punch line. Russian joke culture features a series of categories with fixed and highly familiar… …   Wikipedia

  • Wolf hunting — is the practice of hunting grey wolves (Canis lupus) or other lupine animals. Wolves are mainly hunted for sport, for their skins, to protect livestock, and in some rare cases to protect humans. Wolves have been actively hunted since 12,000 to 13 …   Wikipedia

  • WOLF, LUCIEN — (1857–1930), Anglo Jewish publicist and historian. Wolf, who was born in London, was the son of a Bohemian political refugee who worked as a pipe manufacturer. He began writing for newspapers at the age of 17. His first regular employment was… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Russian Mafia — (Русская мафия, Russkaya Mafiya ), Red Mob (Красная мафия, Krasnaya Mafiya ) or Bratva ( Братва ; slang for brotherhood ) or Mafya or Mafiya, is a name given to a broad group of organized crime groups from the former Soviet Union (FSU)… …   Wikipedia

  • Wolf Ammunition — is a Russian clearinghouse company that sells ammunition produced in former state owned (USSR) factories. The company is known for providing decent quality ammunition at extremely low prices. Wolf produces ammunition in the most popular rifle and …   Wikipedia

  • WOLF, SIMON — (1836–1923), U.S. lawyer, communal leader, and lobbyist. Born in Hinzweiler, Germany, Wolf, the son of Levi Wolf and nephew of Elias Wolf, went to the United States in 1848 and settled in Ulrichsville, Ohio. In 1860 he served as an alternate… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Wolf Ladejinsky — Wolf Isaac Ladejinsky (March 15, 1899 ndash; July 1975) was an influential American agricultural economist and researcher, serving first in the United States Department of Agriculture, then the Ford Foundation and later the World Bank. [cite news …   Wikipedia

  • Russian passport — Russian passports are issued to citizens of Russia for the purpose of international travel. Internal passport The Russian internal passport is the primary identity document for citizens of the Russian Federation residing in Russia. It is… …   Wikipedia

  • Russian Roulette — Russian Roulette …   Википедия

  • WOLF, ERIC ROBERT — (1922–1999), anthropologist. Born in Vienna, Austria, in 1922, Eric Robert Wolf was an anthropologist who studied peasant societies. Born in an upper middle class family, his family moved to Sudetenland in 1933. His father was an Austrian textile …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”