- Trade war
A trade war refers to two or more
nations raising or creating tariffs or other trade barriers on each other in retaliation for other trade barriers. Increased protection causes both nations' output compositions to move towards their autarkyposition.
Economists generally believe trade wars are very non-productive and decrease the economic welfare and total social surplus of all nations involved. However, political scientists may see the "threat" of a trade war as helpful in winning a concession of some sort from the other side.
Some economists would agree that some economic protections are more costly than others because they may be more likely to trigger a trade war. For example, if a country were to raise tariffs, then a second country in retaliation would similarly raise tariffs. But increasing, for example, subsidies, is difficult to retaliate against by a foreign country. Many poor countries, for example, do not have the ability to raise subsidies. In addition, poor countries are more vulnerable than rich countries in trade wars; in raising protections against
dumpingof cheap products, it risks making the product too expensive for its people to afford.
Trade war over genetically modified food
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