April is the fourth month of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, and one of four months with a length of 30 days. April was originally the second month of the Roman calendar, before January and February were added by King Numa Pompilius about 700 BC. It became the fourth month of the calendar year (the year when twelve months are displayed in order) during the time of the decemvirs about 450 BC, when it also was given 29 days. The derivation of the name (Latin "Aprilis") is uncertain. The traditional etymology from the Latin "aperire", "to open," in allusion to its being the season when trees and flowers begin to "open," is supported by comparison with the modern Greek use of ἁνοιξις (opening) for spring. Since most of the Roman months were named in honor of divinities, and as April was sacred to Venus, the "Festum Veneris et Fortunae Virilis" being held on the first day, it has been suggested that Aprilis was originally her month Aphrilis, from her Greek name Aphrodite ("Aphros"), or from the Etruscan name "Apru". Jacob Grimm suggests the name of a hypothetical god or hero, "Aper" or "Aprus". [Jacob Grim "Geschichte der deutschen Sprache". Cap. "Monate"]

The Anglo-Saxons called April "Oster-monath" or "Eostur-monath", the period sacred to "Eostre" or "Ostara", the pagan Saxon goddess of spring, from whose name is derived the modern Easter. St George's day is the twenty-third of the month; and St Mark's Eve, with its superstition that the ghosts of those who are doomed to die within the year will be seen to pass into the church, falls on the twenty-fourth. In China the symbolic ploughing of the earth by the emperor and princes of the blood takes place in their third month, which frequently corresponds to our April. The Finnish called this month "Huhtikuu", or 'Burnwood Month', when the wood for beat and burn clearing of farmland was felled.

The "days of April" ("journées d'avril") is a name appropriated in French history to a series of insurrections at Lyons, Paris and elsewhere, against the government of Louis Philippe in 1834, which led to violent repressive measures, and to a famous trial known as the "procès d'avrill".

The birthstone of April is the diamond or the sapphire, and the birth flower is typically listed as either the Daisy or the Sweet Pea. [Kipfer, Barbara Ann (1997) "The Order of Things." New York: Random House] However, a few questionable online sources also cite the Tulip, as well.

In "The Waste Land", T. S. Eliot called April "the cruellest month".

April starts on the same day of the week as July in all years, and January in leap years.

April holidays and events

*National Poetry Month - in United States
*National Sexual Assault Awareness Month - in United States
*Jazz Appreciation Month
*April Fools' Day - April 1
*World Autism Awareness Day - April 2
*World Health Day- April 7
*Arbor Day- in Korea - April 5
* End of Tax Year (UK) - April 5
*Buddha's Birthday - Traditional Date - April 8
*Araw ng Kagitingan, also known as "Bataan Day" (Philippines) - April 9
*Tax Day - April 15 (in US)
*Khmer New Year in Cambodia - April 13
*Passover begins on the fifteenth day of Nisan, which in 2008 begins at sunset on April 19
*- April 20
*Patriots' Day- April 21
*Earth Day - April 22
*Conch Republic Independence Celebration (Key West, Florida) - April 23
*St George's Day Patron Saint Celebration (England, Europe) - April 23
*ANZAC Day (Australia and New Zealand) - April 25
*Carnation Revolution (Portugal) - April 25
*Arbor Day - last Friday of April in United States
*Take Our Daughters And Sons To Work Day, usually fourth Thursday (United States)

April symbols

*April's birthstone is Diamond.
*Its birth flower is the Daisy. [http://www.shgresources.com/gems/birthflowers/]

ee also

*List of historical anniversaries


External links


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • APRIL — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom …   Wikipédia en Français

  • April — April: Der Name des vierten Monats des Kalenderjahres, ahd. abrello, mhd. aberelle, abrille, beruht wie z. B. entsprechend it. aprile, frz. avril und engl. April auf lat. Aprilis (mensis). Die weitere Herkunft des lat. Wortes ist nicht sicher… …   Das Herkunftswörterbuch

  • April — A pril, n. [L. Aprilis. OE. also Averil, F. Avril, fr. L. Aprilis.] 1. The fourth month of the year. [1913 Webster] 2. Fig.: With reference to April being the month in which vegetation begins to put forth, the variableness of its weather, etc.… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • April — Sm std. (12. Jh.), mhd. aprille, ahd. abrello Entlehnung. Das aus l. Aprīlis (mensis) entlehnte Wort verdrängt älteres ahd. ōstarmānōd Ostermonat . Die Herkunft der lateinischen Monatsbezeichnung ist umstritten (vielleicht zu gr. Aphrodite, l.… …   Etymologisches Wörterbuch der deutschen sprache

  • April — [Aufbauwortschatz (Rating 1500 3200)] Bsp.: • Sehr gut. 8:15 Uhr am Donnerstag, den sechzehnten April. • April ist der vierte Monat des Jahres …   Deutsch Wörterbuch

  • April — (nach Ein. v. lat. aperire, öffnen [weil die Erde sich im April zum Wachsthum öffnet]; nach And. von aper, weil in diesem Monat Schweine geopfert wurden; unter Kaiser Nero Neroneus, von Karl d. Gr. Oster , sonst wohl auch Grasmonat genannt); der… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • April — (lat. Aprīlis, nach Ovid von aperire, öffnen, »weil der Frühling alles öffnet«), im julianischen Kalender der vierte, im altrömischen der zweite Monat, von Karl d. Gr. Ostermonat genannt, weil Ostern gewöhnlich in ihn fällt. Er hat jetzt 30 Tage …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • April — April, der vierte Monat im Jahre, soll nach Varro seinen Namen von der Göttin Aphrodite herleiten, weil er dieser Göttin geweiht war, während Andere ihn von dem Schweizerworte »appern« (thauen) abstammen lassen. Die jetzt nochwenig gebräuchliche… …   Damen Conversations Lexikon

  • april — àprīl m <G apríla> DEFINICIJA četvrti mjesec u godini; travanj SINTAGMA prvi april razg. prvoaprilska šala: aprilili, u dijaloškoj situaciji kada se koga prevari, namagarči i sl. na 1. aprila (travnja) (kada se zbijaju šale) ETIMOLOGIJA lat …   Hrvatski jezični portal

  • april — april; april·i·an; …   English syllables

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