Tilia cordata

Tilia cordata

taxobox
name = "Tilia cordata"


image_caption = "Tilia cordata" leaves and flowers
regnum = Plantae
unranked_divisio = Angiosperms
unranked_classis = Eudicots
unranked_ordo = Rosids
ordo = Malvales
familia = Malvaceae
genus = "Tilia"
species = "T. cordata"
binomial = "Tilia cordata"
binomial_authority = Mill.|

"Tilia cordata" (Small-leaved Lime, occasionally Small-leaved Linden) is a species of "Tilia" native to much of Europe and western Asia, north to southern Great Britain (north to about Durham), central Scandinavia, east to central Russia, and south to central Spain, Italy, Bulgaria and the Caucasus; in the south of its range it is restricted to high altitudes.Rushforth, K. (1999). "Trees of Britain and Europe". Collins ISBN 0-00-220013-9.] Den Virtuella Floran: [http://linnaeus.nrm.se/flora/di/tilia/tilia/tilicor.html "Tilia cordata" (in Swedish; with maps] ]

It is a deciduous tree growing to 20-38 m tall, with a trunk up to 1-2 m diameter. The leaves are alternately arranged, rounded to triangular-ovate, 3-8 cm long and broad, mostly hairless (unlike the related "Tilia platyphyllos") except for small tufts of brown hair in the leaf vein axils. The small yellow-green hermaphrodite flowers are produced in clusters of five to eleven in early summer with a leafy yellow-green subtending bract, have a rich, heavy scent; the trees are much visited by bees. The fruit is a dry nut-like drupe 6–7 mm long and 4 mm broad, downy at first becoming smooth at maturity, and (unlike "T. platyphyllos") not ribbed.Flora of NW Europe: [http://ip30.eti.uva.nl/BIS/flora.php?selected=beschrijving&menuentry=soorten&id=2132 "Tilia cordata"] ]

It readily hybridises with "Tilia platyphyllos"; the hybrid is named "Tilia × europaea" (syn. "T. × vulgaris").Flora of NW Europe: [http://ip30.eti.uva.nl/BIS/flora.php?selected=beschrijving&menuentry=soorten&id=2131 "Tilia vulgaris"] ]

Cultivation and uses

It is the national tree of the Czech Republic and Republic of Slovakia.

"Tilia cordata" is widely grown as an ornamental tree throughout its native range in Europe. It was much planted to form avenues in 17th and early 18th century landscape planning. A famous example is Unter den Linden in Berlin.

It is also widely cultivated in North America as a substitute for the native "Tilia americana" (Basswood or American Linden) which has a larger leaf, coarser in texture; there it has been renamed "Little-leaf Linden".

In countries of Central Europe, linden flowers are a traditional herbal remedy (linden flower tea), considered to be of value as an anti-inflammatory in range of respiratory problems: colds, fever, flu, sore throat, bronchitis, cough and others [ [Flora Herb & Supplement Encyclopedia http://www.florahealth.com/flora/home/Canada/HealthInformation/Encyclopedias/LindenFlos.htm] ] .

A valuable monofloral honey is produced by bees using the trees. The young leaves can be eaten as a salad vegetable. [Vernon, J. (2007). Fruits of the forest. "The Garden" November 2007: 738. Royal Horticultural Society.]

The white, finely-grained wood is a classic choice for refined woodcarvings such as those by Grinling Gibbons or several prominent medieval altars.

References


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  • Tilia cordata — ID 84316 Symbol Key TICO2 Common Name littleleaf linden Family Tiliaceae Category Dicot Division Magnoliophyta US Nativity Introduced to U.S. US/NA Plant Yes State Distribution CT, MA, MD, ME, NY Growth Habit Tree …   USDA Plant Characteristics

  • Tilia cordata Mill. — дерев.; VII Сем. Tiliaceae – Липовые 169. Род Tilia L. – Липа 355. Липа сердцевидная Образует второй ярус широколиственно еловых лесов. Очень часто, по всему заповеднику. Лекарственное растение. Поедается медведем …   Флора Центрально-лесного государственного заповедника

  • Tilia cordata — Lind, småbladet …   Danske encyklopædi

  • Tilia cordata — noun large spreading European linden with small dark green leaves; often cultivated as an ornamental • Syn: ↑small leaved linden, ↑small leaved lime • Hypernyms: ↑linden, ↑linden tree, ↑basswood, ↑lime, ↑lime tree …   Useful english dictionary

  • Tilia cordata Mill. — Symbol TICO2 Common Name littleleaf linden Botanical Family Tiliaceae …   Scientific plant list

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