William Tell Coleman

William Tell Coleman

William Tell Coleman (1824-1893) was an American pioneer. [cite web
url = http://www.cynthianaky.com/WilliamTellColeman.htm
title = William Tell Coleman
author = Thelma Taylor
publischer = The Official Site of Cynthiana, Kentucky
] He was born in Cynthiana, Harrison County, Kentucky, and was educated at St. Louis University. In 1849 he went to California and eventually settled in San Francisco, where he engaged in the shipping and commission business. Coleman was a leading figure in both the 1851 and 1856 Committees of Vigilance, which usurped civic power in order to drive out the Democratic Party machine and ostensibly to establish law and order. Under Coleman, these committees ignored habeas corpus, conducted secret trials, lynchings, and deportations, and raised a militia. The 1856 Committee of Vigilance disbanded, but after transferring power to the new People's Party, which soon merged with the Republican Party and controlled San Francisco until 1867. [ [http://www-rohan.sdsu.edu/~rgibson/vigilante.pdf What is a Vigilante Man?] by Mike Davis.] [cite book|last=Ethington|first=Philip J.|title=The Public City: The Political Construction of Urban Life in San Francisco|url=http://books.google.com/books?id=qhyq64Plm4YC&pg=PA161&lpg=PA161&dq=%22people's+party%22+%22san+francisco%22&source=web&ots=53nInqD6GM&sig=L5ZNuLBQsTgwudQj9rVU-_eGmj0|publisher=University of California Press|location=Berkeley and Los Angeles|date=1994|accessdate=2007-12-05]

After a protest in sympathy with the Great Railroad Strike of 1877 turned into an anti-Asian riot, Coleman again mobilized troops to quell the unrest. This time, however, he and his colleagues determined that extra-legal vigilante action was not called for. Coleman formed the Committee of Safety as a supplementary force to the city police (which was doubled in strength during the unrest). Fearing that the Committee of Safety troops would only exacerbate violence and disorder, they were not given firearms. Instead, they were armed with pick handles and became known as the "Pick Handle Brigade." Coleman's concern was less for the well-being of the local Chinese community than fear that a working class party would take power in San Francisco. [Philip J. Ethington, "Vigilantes and the Police: The Creation of a Professional Police Bureaucracy in San Francisco, 1847-1900," "Journal of Social History", Vol. 21, No. 2 (Winter, 1987), pp. 197-227] Nevertheless, the Workingman's Party was formed under the leadership of Dennis Kearney. Its slogan was "The Chinese Must Go!" and the party helped foster the racism and political momentum that culminated with the Chinese Exclusion Act of 1882.

After opening a branch in New York, Coleman established a steamship line between that city and San Francisco in 1856. In 1857 he moved to New York and conducted his business from that city until 1864. One of his most noteworthy achievements was the embellishment and extension of the town of San Rafael, California


ee also

* TwentyMuleTeam Borax
* Francis Marion Smith


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Поможем написать реферат

Look at other dictionaries:

  • William Tell Coleman — (1824 1893) est un pionner américain[1]. Né à Cynthiana (Kentucky) William Tell Coleman fit ses études à Université de Saint Louis. En 1849, il s installe à San Francisco en …   Wikipédia en Français

  • William T. Coleman — *William Thaddeus Coleman, Jr. American civil rights lawyer and U.S. Secretary of Transportation in the Ford Administration *William Tell Coleman San Francisco businessman and leader of the San Francisco Vigilance Movement …   Wikipedia

  • William Coleman — may refer to: *William Coffin Coleman (1870 1957), US businessman and founder of the Coleman Company *William D. Coleman, president of Liberia *William Coleman (judge), judge in colonial Philadelphia, Pennsylvania *William Thaddeus Coleman, Jr.… …   Wikipedia

  • William Burroughs — William S. Burroughs William S. Burroughs Activité(s) Écrivain Naissance 5 février 1914 Saint Louis Décès 2 ao …   Wikipédia en Français

  • William Seward Burroughs — William S. Burroughs William S. Burroughs Activité(s) Écrivain Naissance 5 février 1914 Saint Louis Décès 2 ao …   Wikipédia en Français

  • William S. Paley — William Samuel Paley (September 28, 1901 ndash; October 26, 1990) was the chief executive who built Columbia Broadcasting System (CBS) from a small radio network to one of the foremost radio and television network operations in the United… …   Wikipedia

  • William Gilbert Puckey — (born 5 May 1805 in Penrhyn, Cornwall, England in died 27 March 1878 in Kaitaia) was a British born, New Zealand raised missionary who arrived in New Zealand at the age of 14. In his first years in New Zealand he picked up the Māori language… …   Wikipedia

  • Coleman Young — For the politician born 1984, see Coleman Young II. Coleman A. Young Coleman A. Young, Detroit, 1981 Mayor of Detroit In office January …   Wikipedia

  • William S. Burroughs — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Burroughs. William S. Burroughs …   Wikipédia en Français

  • San Francisco Committee of Vigilance — Charles Cora and James Casey are hanged by the Committee of Vigilance, San Francisco, 1856. The San Francisco Committee of Vigilance was a popular ad hoc organization formed in 1851 and revived in 1856. Their purpose was to rein in rampant crime… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”