- The Scout Association
name =The Scout Association
members =365,685 youth
(2007)cite web |url= http://www.charity-commission.gov.uk/registeredcharities/ScannedAccounts%5CEnds01%5C0000306101_ac_20070331_e_c.pdf |title= The Scout Association's Annual Report & Accounts 2006-07|accessdate=2008-02-12 |publisher= The Scout Association (taken from the
Charity Commission's website)]
chiefscouttitle =Chief Scout
chiefscout =Peter Duncan
chiefscouttitle2 =Chief Executive
chiefscout2 =Derek Twine
World Organization of the Scout Movement
The Scout Association is the
World Organization of the Scout Movementrecognised Scoutingassociation in the United Kingdom. Scouting began in 1907 through the efforts of Robert Baden-Powell. Due to the rapid growth of Scouting and a desire to remove control from the publisher of the Scouting magazine, The Scout Association was formed under its previous name, The Boy Scout Association, in 1910 by the grant of a charter by the Parliament of the United Kingdom. The Boy Scout Association was re-named as The Scout Association in 1967.
The stated aim of The Scout Association is to "promote the development of young people in achieving their full physical, intellectual, social and spiritual potential" and to create "responsible citizens". [cite web |url= http://www.scouts.org.uk/aboutus/mission.htm|title= Mission Statement|accessdate=2007-08-18 |publisher= The Scout Association] As of 2007, The Scout Association provides a Programme to help achieve this aim for young people from the age of 6 to 25. [cite web |url= http://www.scoutbase.org.uk/6to25/|title= The 6-25 Programme|accessdate=2007-08-18 |publisher= ScoutBase] The latest census shows that over 360,000 people aged 6–25 are members of The Scout Association.
Girls were first admitted in 1976 to the
Venture Scouts, and the rest of Sections on an optional basis in 1991. Since 2007 all Scout Groups in the UK must accept girls as well as boys, although religious preferences can be accommodated.cite web | title = Rule 3.6: Mixed Membership | work = Policy, Organisation and Rules | publisher = The Scout Association | date = 2005 | url = http://www.scoutbase.org.uk/library/hqdocs/por/2006/3_6.htm | format = html | accessdate = 2007-02-14]
Birth of the Movement
The roots of The Scout Association come from the fame of Robert Baden-Powell following his exploits during the Boer War. In 1907, "B-P", as he is known to all members of the Movement, ran a camp on Brownsea Island for teenage boys of varying backgrounds. This camp is now considered to be the start of the Movement. [cite web |url= http://eng.brownsea2007.org/|title= Brownsea Island|accessdate=2007-08-19 |publisher= Brownsea Island]
The following year, Baden-Powell wrote a series of magazines, "
Scouting for Boys", setting out activities and programmes which existing youth organisations could make use of.cite web |url= http://www.scoutbase.org.uk/library/history/|title= The History of Scouting|accessdate=2007-08-18 |publisher= ScoutBase] The reaction was phenomenal, and quite unexpected. In very short time, Scout Patrols were created up and down the country, all following the principles of Baden-Powell's book. By the time of the first census in 1910, there were over 100,000 members of the Movement.
The Boy Scout Association was created in 1910 in order to provide a national body which could organise and support the rapidly growing number of Scout Patrols. It was also the wish of Baden-Powell to wrest control of Scouting from his book's publishers as it was felt the Movement was not given the status it deserved as the publishers controlled membership of Scouting.
Almost immediately, The Boy Scout Association was presented with a dilemma. Many of the boys in the Scout Patrols (at the start, Scouting was for boys between the ages of 10 and 19) had younger brothers who also wanted to participate. There were also many girls who wanted the same thing as well – Baden-Powell came across a group of Girl Scouts at the Crystal Palace Rally in 1910. The solution for the younger boys was simple – the Wolf Cubs Section was created in 1917. [cite web |url= http://www.scouting.milestones.btinternet.co.uk/cubs.htm|title= Cub Scouts|accessdate=2007-08-15 |publisher= Scouting Milestones] However,
Edwardianprinciples could not allow young girls to participate in the rough and tumble, and "wild" activities of the Scouts, and so the Girl Guides were created by Baden-Powell's sister, Agnes, to provide a more "proper" programme of activities. Many of those who had grown out of Scouts still wanted to be a part of Scouting, so another section was created in 1918 – the Rover Scouts.cite web |url= http://www.scouting.milestones.btinternet.co.uk/rovers.htm|title= Rover Scouts|accessdate=2007-08-15 |publisher= Scouting Milestones]
Scouting was now a global phenomenon, with a
Royal Charterof 4 January 1912 incorporating The Boy Scout Association throughout the British Empire, with "the purpose of instructing boys of all classes in the principles of discipline loyalty and good citizenship", being granted by George V. [cite web |url= http://scoutdocs.ca/Scouts_Canada_Act_/Royal_Charter.php|title= Royal Charter of The Boy Scouts Association|accessdate=2007-08-15 |publisher= Scoutdocs] The first World Jamboree for Scouts was held in Olympia, Londonin 1920, and was a celebration and conference of the World Organization of the Scout Movement.
Scouting in the UK went largely unchanged until it underwent a major review and change in 1967. The name of the organisation was changed to be The Scout Association. Major changes to the sections and their respective programmes were made – the youngest section were now named Cub Scouts, the Boy Scout section was re-named simply as the Scout section, Senior Scouts became
Venture Scouts(for 16–20year olds), and the Rover Scout section was disbanded. The Scout Uniform was also changed – most notably with the inclusion of long trousers for the Scouts (previously they had been wearing knee-length shorts).
Several developments were made over the following years, including the introduction of
co-educationalunits of boys and girls, initially restricted to the Venture Scouts section in 1976, but from 1991 junior sections were allowed to become mixed as well. Parents involved in Scouting in Northern Irelandalso began to organise activities for their children who were too young for Cub Scouts. This eventually led to the creation of the Beaver Scout section, officially starting in 1986.
Despite these changes, and many other minor ones, Scouting started to fall into a decline through the 1990s with falling membership levels. [cite web |url= http://www.netpages.free-online.co.uk/sha/crisis.htm|title= The growing crisis in the Scout movement|accessdate=2007-08-17 |publisher= Scout History Association] This spurred a major review into the causes of the decline, [cite web |url= http://www.scoutbase.org.uk/library/hqdocs/headline/991227aa.htm|title= UK Scouting plans its future|accessdate=2007-08-17 |publisher= ScoutBase] followed by a programme change which took effect in 2003.cite web |url= http://www.scoutbase.org.uk/library/hqdocs/headline/020222aa.htm|title= New activity programme for UK Scouts|accessdate=2007-08-17 |publisher= ScoutBase]
Scouting found itself competing for young people's time against longer school days and other extracurricular activities. The adult leaders are concerned with to the growing
litigationculture in the UK.cite web |url= http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/main.jhtml?xml=/news/2007/07/15/nscout115.xml|title= The Gameboy generation returns to the Scouts|accessdate=2007-08-20 |publisher= Daily Telegraph] Scouting has also been challenged by a negative stereotypeas being old fashioned. [cite web |url= http://www.saga.co.uk/magazine/people/reallives/ScoutsToday.asp|title= The Scout movement today|accessdate=2007-08-17 |publisher= Saga]
The programme change in 2003 sought to overcome the growing challenges facing the Movement and saw changes at all levels of UK Scouting – the most apparent being the suspension of Venture Scouts. To replace this senior section, The Scout Association created the
Explorer Scoutsfor 14- to 18-year-old members, and the Scout Networkfor 18–25 year olds. The Scout Association also introduced a number of new badges, such as computing skills and skateboarding, to modernise the image of Scouting. These new badges drew mixed reactions from several public figures, with some praising The Scout Association for "moving with the times" and others feeling the changes went "against the Scouting ethos of Baden-Powell". [cite web |url= http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/main.jhtml?xml=/news/2006/07/09/nscout09.xml|title= Computing, faith and even PR, the Scout badges leading the pack|accessdate=2007-08-19 |publisher= Daily Telegraph]
Other changes in 2003 included changes to the leadership training so that it is more flexible, allowing for specific roles in the Movement, rather than the general leadership training which preceded it. New Scout uniforms for all sections and leaders were also introduced in 2003, with the aim of being more modern and appealing to young people. [cite web
url=http://www.scoutbase.org.uk/library/hqdocs/headline/010222ab.htm|title=New Scout Uniform|accessdate=2007-08-18 |publisher=ScoutBase]
There have been many critics of these changes, mostly citing problems with the implementation, although recent census figures show a general upturn in membership, although this has mostly been at the lower age ranges. [cite web |url= http://www.scouts.org.uk/review/GrowingMembership.html|title= A growing membership|accessdate=2007-08-15 |publisher= The Scout Association] Scouting in the UK continues to promote the same "Principles and Methods" as written by Baden-Powell in "Scouting for Boys" almost 100 years ago.
The UK played a major role in the centenary celebrations of Scouting in 2007, with celebration events organised on
Brownsea Island, [cite news|title=Arriving at Brownsea
url=http://www.bbc.co.uk/southtoday/content/articles/2007/07/25/scouts_arrivals_feature.shtml|publisher=BBC South Today
date=2007-08-01|accessdate=2007-08-18] as well as hosting the
21st World Scout Jamboree.
Chief Scoutis the leader of The Scout Association, and is responsible for determining the direction and policies of Scouting in the United Kingdom and Overseas Territories. Peter Duncan is the current Chief Scout. [cite news|title=Scouts honour for Blue Peter man|url=http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/uk/3905077.stm|publisher= BBC News
date=2004-07-19|accessdate=2007-08-15] There is a team of Commissioners who are responsible for the Scouting programme in their respective divisions. These currently are:
* Nigel Hailey, International Commissioner
* Eleanor Lyall MBE, Chief Commissioner of Scotland
* Wilfred Mulryne OBE, Chief Commissioner of Northern Ireland
* Jill Gloster, Chief Commissioner of Wales
* John Asplin, Chief Commissioner of England
* Wayne Bulpitt, Chief Commissioner of England
* Tim Kidd, UK Commissioner for Adult Support
* Andrew Welbeloved, UK Commissioner for Programme
At all levels, Scouts are governed by an executive of non-Scouting
trustees, known as executive committeescite web |url= http://www.scoutbase.org.uk/library/hqdocs/facts/pdfs/fs500009.pdf|title= Charity Trustee|accessdate=2007-08-19 |publisher= ScoutBase] – these could be volunteers from the local community who have had ties with Scouting, either themselves or through their children. The executive normally consists of a chairman, secretary, treasurer, and a number of other officers. In Group Executive Committees, Group Scout Leaders and Section Leaders also form part of the committee. [cite web |url= http://www.scoutbase.org.uk/library/hqdocs/facts/pdfs/fs330077.pdf|title= The Group Executive Committee|accessdate=2007-08-18 |publisher= ScoutBase] Their role is to ensure that the best interests of the young people and the community are served by the Group, District, County, or National organisations.
Senior volunteers in The Scout Association are called 'Commissioners'. Every County/Area/Region [cite web |url= http://www.scoutbase.org.uk/library/hqdocs/facts/pdfs/fs330075.pdf|title= Role description for an Area Commissioner|accessdate=2007-08-19 |publisher= ScoutBase] [cite web |url= http://www.scoutbase.org.uk/library/hqdocs/facts/pdfs/fs330074.pdf|title= Role description for a County Commissioner|accessdate=2007-08-19 |publisher= ScoutBase] and District [cite web |url= http://www.scoutbase.org.uk/library/hqdocs/facts/pdfs/fs330076.pdf|title= Role description for a District Commissioner|accessdate=2007-08-19 |publisher= ScoutBase] is headed by a Commissioner who is responsible for ensuring the Districts/Groups under their jurisdiction meet the standards set by The Scout Association. They receive support from Field Development Officers in England, who are employed by the Field Development Service and deployed locally to help support The Scout Association's objectives. [cite web |url= http://www.scoutbase.org.uk/library/hqdocs/por/2006/2_10.htm|title= Development Policy|accessdate=2007-08-18 |publisher= ScoutBase] Commissioners in the other nations receive support from Field Commissioners, employed and directed differently. District Commissioners report to the County/Area/Regional Commissioner, who in turn report to the Chief Commissioner.
The Scout Association is divided into four mainland national groupings: England, Scotland,
Wales, and Northern Ireland. Each of these divisions are further broken up into local Counties (England and Northern Ireland), Areas (Wales), or Regions (Scotland),cite web |url= http://www.scouts.org.uk/aboutus/Structure.htm|title= How we operate|accessdate=2007-08-15 |publisher= The Scout Association] which generally follow the boundaries of the ceremonial countiesof Great Britain. The County/Area/Region consists of a number of Scout Districts, which are made up of Groups.
The Groups are the local organisations for Scouting, and are the direct descendants of the original Scout Patrols. Groups can consist of one or more Beaver Colonies, Cub Packs, and Scout Troops. Groups may also have one or more Group Scout Fellowships, and have an Explorer Scout Unit attached to it, though Explorer Scouts are managed at the District level. [cite web |url= http://www.scoutbase.org.uk/library/hqdocs/por/2006/chapter_3.htm#part_1|title= The Scout Group: Introduction|accessdate=2007-08-18 |publisher= ScoutBase] Scout Groups are led by a Group Scout Leader whose main role is handling communication between the local District and the Section Leaders and ensuring the Scout Group meets the minimum standard required by The Scout Association. [cite web |url= http://www.scoutbase.org.uk/library/hqdocs/por/2006/3_43.htm#rule_3.42|title= The Scout Group: Responsibilities of Appointments in the Scout Group|accessdate=2007-08-18 |publisher= ScoutBase]
The first four sections (Beavers to Explorers) are led by a Section Leader, who must hold a warrant for the position, and is aided by assistant leaders. [cite web |url= http://www.scoutbase.org.uk/library/hqdocs/por/2006/3_7.htm#rule_3.7|title= The Scout Group: The Beaver Scout Colony|accessdate=2007-08-18 |publisher= ScoutBase] [cite web |url= http://www.scoutbase.org.uk/library/hqdocs/por/2006/3_8.htm#rule_3.8|title= The Scout Group: The Cub Scout Pack|accessdate=2007-08-18 |publisher= ScoutBase] [cite web |url= http://www.scoutbase.org.uk/library/hqdocs/por/2006/3_9.htm#rule_3.9|title= The Scout Group: The Scout Troop|accessdate=2007-08-18 |publisher= ScoutBase] Other adults who help run a Scout section may be volunteers (such as parents of children in the Group), Young Leaders (Explorer Scouts that have been trained to assist other leaders), and members of the Group Executive Committee who help operate the Group financially. Scout Networks are mainly member led, but are assisted by a Network Leader who ensures that the Network is working within the rules of the association.
All sections follow a progressive award scheme, culminating in the
Queen's ScoutAward, which is available to Explorer Scouts and members of the Scout Network who have undertaken and completed a wide range of activities and challenges.
Some Scout Groups belong to separate branches called Air Scouts and Sea Scouts. Both branches follow the core programme in all Sections but can add more aeronautical or nautical emphasis depending on the branch, with some Group branches being recognised by the
Royal Air Forceor Royal Navy.
In the United Kingdom there are approximately 400 Sea Scout Groups, of which about 25% are Royal Navy recognised,cite web | title = Scouting Afloat | work = | publisher = The Scout Association | date = Nov 2004| url = http://www.scoutbase.org.uk/library/hqdocs/facts/pdfs/fs295108.pdf | format = pdf 96kb | accessdate = 2007-08-16] whilst of 117 Air Scout Groups, 43 are recognised by the RAF. [cite web | title = Air Scout Groups and Units| work = | publisher = The Scout Association | date = | url = http://www.scoutbase.org.uk/6to25/scout/airscout/airlist.htm | format = | accessdate = 2007-08-16]
campsites are run by their Scout Districts and Counties, however there are four which have been made Scout Activity Centres, by The Scout Association. These are the main campsites in the UK and receive extra support from The Scout Association. The Scout Activity Centres are Baden-Powell House, Downe Scout Activity Centre, Gilwell Park, and Youlbury Scout Activity Centre. [cite web |url= http://www.scouts.org.uk/nationalcentres/|title= Scout Activity Centres|accessdate=2007-08-18 |publisher= The Scout Association]
Notable former Scouts
The Scout Association has had many notable members in the past, with the following selection being the best known:
David Beckham– England international footballer and former captain
Tony Blair– former Prime Minister of the United Kingdom
Richard Branson– entrepreneur
John Major– former Prime Minister of the United Kingdom
Paul McCartney– singer/songwriter/bassist of the Beatlesand Wings
George Michael– singer/songwriter
Cliff Richard– entertainer
Keith Richards– member of the Rolling Stones
The Scout Association overseas
As well as controlling for Scouting in the United Kingdom, The Scout Association is also responsible for Scouting in the
British overseas territories, as well as some small independent nations. [cite web |url= http://www.scoutbase.org.uk/library/hqdocs/facts/pdfs/fs260014.pdf|title= Overseas Branches of The Scout Association|accessdate=2007-08-18 |publisher= ScoutBase] Non-sovereign territories with Scouting run by The Scout Association include:
*flagicon|Cayman Islands Cayman Islands
*flagicon|Falkland Islands Falkland Islands
*flagicon|Saint Helena Saint Helena and Ascension Island
*flagicon|British Virgin Islands British Virgin Islands
*flagicon|Turks and Caicos Islands Turks and Caicos Islands
Sovereign countries with Scouting run by The Scout Association, as they are without independent Scouting organisations, include:
*flagicon|Antigua and Barbuda Antigua and Barbuda
*flagicon|Solomon Islands Solomon Islands
*flagicon|Saint Kitts and Nevis Saint Kitts and Nevis
The British Scout programme is also offered to British citizens living outside of the United Kingdom. British Scouts in Western Europe serves
Belgium, France, Germany, Luxembourg, and the Netherlands[cite web |url= http://www.bswescouts.com/cmstypo3/index.php?id=districts0|title= BSWE Districts|accessdate=2007-08-18 |publisher= British Scouts Western Europe] while British Groups Abroad covers the rest of the world. [cite web |url= http://www.scoutbase.org.uk/ps/inter/uk/bga/index.htm|title= British Groups Abroad|accessdate=2007-08-18 |publisher= ScoutBase]
Brownsea Island Scout camp– the birthplace of World Scouting
The Scout Association
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