- Lothar de Maizière
Lothar de Maizière [IPA|də mɛˈzjɛʀ] (born
2 March 1940) is a German conservative politician who served as the first and only democratically elected Prime Ministerof the German Democratic Republicin 1990, and as such was the last leader of an independent East Germany.
He was born in
Nordhausenand studied viola at the College of Music "Hanns Eisler" in East Berlinfrom 1959 to 1965. He used to be in the Berlin Symphony Orchestrabefore he went on to study law (distance learning) at the Humboldt-Universität zu Berlinfrom 1969 to 1975.
In 1990 he was elected to the East German
Volkskammeras a member of the Christian Democratic Union (East Germany). He then became the successor to Hans Modrowas Premier and held this position from April 12until October 2, 1990- on October 3, the East German state was reunified with the Federal Republic of Germany(from 1949 to 1990, West Germany). As premier he had signed the “2+4” treaty which ended the four wartime allied powers' rights and responsibilities in Berlin and Germany, and which preceded the unification. The treaty decreed it would be signed by the four allies and the two Germanys but only the unified Germany and the allies would ratify it.
German reunificationhe was appointed Minister for Special Affairs in the CDU government of Helmut Kohl, until his resignation on December 17, 1990amid rumors that he had worked for the East German Stasi.
He belongs to a noble family who, as
Huguenots, had fled Francefor asylum in Prussiain the late 17th century. He is a son of the lawyer Clement de Maizière. His uncle Ulrich de Maizièrewas Inspector General of the (West) German Armed Forces and his cousin Thomas de Maizièrewas minister in the state of Saxonyand became Head of the Federal Chancellery (Chef des Bundeskanzleramtes und Minister für besondere Aufgaben) in November 2005.
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