- The Paupers
The Paupers are a
Canadianrock band that recorded two albums for Verve Forecast in 1967and 1968and appeared at the Monterey International Pop Festival.
The group was formed as
The Spatsin Torontoduring 1964by ex- Riverside Threedrummer Skip Prokop(born Ronn Prokop, December 13, 1943 in Hamilton, Ontario, Canada) and rhythm guitarist/ vocalist Bill Marionaka Bill Misener (born in Hamilton, Ontario, Canada). The other original members comprised lead guitarist Chuck Beal(born April 6, 1944 in Scarborough, Ontario, Canada) and bass player Denny Gerrard(born February 28, 1947 in Scarborough, Ontario, Canada).
According to legend, The Spats rehearsed for 40 hours a week, sometimes on a 13-hour a day shift, and as a result became one of Toronto’s tightest acts. After changing their name to The Paupers in early
1965, the group attracted the attention of local manager Duff Roman, who signed them to Toronto’s independent label Red Leaf. In March 1965, the label issued Prokop and Marion’s "Never Send You Flowers" as the group’s debut single and it soon became a modest local hit, as did the follow up "If I Told My Baby". During August, the group appeared at the Canadian National Exhibition's under 21 club with David Clayton-Thomas& The Shays.
1966dawned, the band signed a new deal with Duff Roman’s label Roman Recordswhich issued the group’s next single "For What I Am". A cover of "Long Tall Sally" followed in the spring of 1966, by which point the group had parted with Roman (who subsequently became program director of CKFH) and signed up with Bernie Finkelstein(later Bruce Cockburn’s longstanding manager). However, shortly after a show at the El Patio on July 24, 1966, Marion left (after his wife gave him an ultimatum) and subsequently recorded a solo single before moving into production work and playing with The Last Words.
Adam Mitchell joins for classic Paupers line up
In his place, The Paupers recruited Scottish
émigréAdam Mitchell (born November 24, 1944 in Glasgow, Strathclyde, Scotland) from the CommonFolk(a folk group featuring Doug Bush, Ian Rankin and Bruce Whitehead), apparently on an hour and a half’s notice. Mitchell quickly asserted himself as the group’s new lead singer and chief songwriter with Skip Prokop and debuted with the band at the Broom and Stone in Scarborough on August 14, 1966.
Finkelstein signed the new line-up to
New Yorklabel MGMshortly afterwards and on September 24the group made a prestigious appearance at a 14-hour pop musicshow held at Toronto’s Maple Leaf Gardens, featuring 14 top local bands. The following month, on October 2, the band supported Wilson Pickettat the Club Kingsway in Toronto. Later that year, on December 11, The Paupers (together with Ottawa band, The Children) supported The Lovin' Spoonfulat Toronto's Maple Leaf Gardens.
The group’s live reputation began to spread and in early
1967, Bob Dylan’s manager, Albert Grossman, convinced Finkelstein to sell his interests in the group. Grossman re-negotiated the MGM contract and signed the band to its associate label Verve Forecast. The group’s debut single with Mitchell, "If I Call You By Some Name" was released and reached #31 on Canada’s RPM chart, the band’s biggest hit. Apparently The Paupers hated it, feeling that it wasn’t representative of their music.
Upstaging Jefferson Airplane
The single was followed by a well-received appearance at New York’s
Cafe Au Go Gofrom February 21-March 5 1967supporting Jefferson Airplane, where apparently they "blew the latter away". The group remained in the city to cut its debut album with Rick Shorterand then set out for a series of concerts on the West Coast including several appearances at San Francisco’s Fillmore Auditorium and the Monterey International Pop Festival on June 16.
Back in Toronto in late summer, the band issued its latest single "Magic People", which was followed by an album of the same name. MGM then sent the group on a $40,000 promotional tour where they played 17 US cities in a month. The tour included an appearance at New York's Cafe Au Go Go opening for
Eric Clapton's band Cream, scheduled for September 28-October 1 (but cut short due to faulty equipment) and headlining at the Grande Ballroom in Detroit with The MC5in support on November 3-5, 1967.
Paupers lose inspirational bass player
1967, The Paupers debut album, "Magic People" peaked at US #178, but its modest success was overshadowed by Denny Gerrard’s departure in early 1968. His replacement was bass player/vocalist Brad Campbellfrom Marion’s previous group The Last Words. Around the same time, The Paupers also added (for live purposes) former BTB4 keyboard player Peter Sterbach, but he only stayed for about a month.
In January 1968, a final single had been lifted from The Paupers’ debut album, "Think I Care" (considered by many to be the early group’s definitive song), but it failed to chart. Prokop started to grow restless and was soon drawn into the lucrative session world; he duly appeared on Peter, Paul & Mary’s single "I Dig Rock And Roll" and Richie Havens’ album "Something Else" amongst others.
The band continued to play high profile dates and on February 24, supported The Jimi Hendrix Experience and The Soft Machine at the CNE Coliseum in Toronto. This was followed by a second US tour, which proved to be as memorable as the first – in April (2-4) the group was playing in Chicago at the Kinetic Playground when Martin Luther King was assassinated and narrowly missed the subsequent riots.
Prokop leaves to form Lighthouse
During July, the group added
John Ord(born April 3, 1945 in London, England) from The Fraser Loveman Groupand The Nuclear Tricycleon keyboards, who debuted with the band at the Grande Ballroom in Detroit early the following month.
Internal problems however, continued to dog the band. Following a final date at New York’s
Electric Circusrunning from August 29-September 1, Prokop left to form Lighthouse, while Campbell joined Janis Joplin’s Kozmic Blues Band. The band’s second album "Ellis Island" was released in the aftermath of the group’s break up and was a maturer offering than the debut. Side two included (arguably) the band’s best work and on several tracks, the Japanese instrument the koto was employed. A final single, Mitchell’s "Cairo Hotel" (later recorded by McKendree Spring) was released simultaneously, but failed to chart.
Playing to pay off debts
In October, a new line-up of The Paupers featuring Mitchell, Beal and Ord was formed (to pay off the existing debt) with original bass player Denny Gerrard (who’d played with
McKenna Mendelson Mainlinein the interim). Roz Parks(born April 15, 1945 in Picton, Ontario, Canada) from Edward Bearand Magic Circuscompleted the line up. The new Paupers' line up debuted at the Night Owl in Toronto on October 26-27 and continued to play locally to positive reviews.
Gerrard, however, soon left followed by Mitchell in April
1969. The remaining members brought in James Houston(born May 25, 1946 in Belfast, Northern Ireland), who had previously played with Parks in the Magic Circus, and bass player Mel O’Brien, and returned to the local club scene. Later that year, the Houston-led line up returned to the Night Owl for a show running from August 7-8 but broke up later that month.
Mitchell briefly embarked upon a solo career, playing the folk circuit in Ontario and then worked as a producer for the likes of
McKenna Mendelson Mainlineand Linda Ronstadt. Gerrard joined Luke & The Apostlesbriefly before forming Jericho in March 1970. Bealworked as a record producerand manager, and was last heard of working at the Canadian National Institute for the Blind, producing a talking book series. Ord's band backed Chuck Berryin the summer of 1969. Houston formed his own eponymous band, Houstonand worked with Parks and Gerrard in Tranquillity Base.
* 45 Never Send You Flowers c/w Sooner Than Soon (Red Leaf 65002) 1965
* 45 If I Told My Baby c/w Like You Like Me (Red Leaf 65003) 1965
* 45 For What I Am c/w Free As A Bird (Roman 1103) 1965
* 45 Long Tall Sally c/w Sooner Than Soon (Roman 1111) 1966
* 45 If I Call You By Some Name c/w Copper Penny (Verve Folkway 5033) 1966
* 45 Simple Deed c/w Let Me Be (Verve Folkway 5043) 1967
* 45 Magic People c/w Black Thank You Package (Verve Folkway 5062) 1967
* 45 One Rainy Day c/w Tudor Impressions (Verve Folkway 50??) 1967
* 45 Think I Care c/w White Song (Verve Folkway 5074) 1968
* 45 Cairo Hotel c/w Another Man’s Hair On My Razor (Verve Folkway 50??) 1968
* "...It's the Toronto Sound", Toronto Daily Star, April 1, 1967, page 27
* Toronto's Paupers come home", Toronto Daily Star, September 16, 1967, page 24
* "Ellis Island: a whole new world", Toronto Telegram's After Four section, October 19, 1968, page 5
* Toronto Telegram's After Four section on Thursdays lists live dates
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