Tribal allotments of Israel

Tribal allotments of Israel

According to the Book of Joshua, Joshua divided the newly conquered land of Canaan into parcels, and assigned them to the Tribes of Israel by lot. The Book of Joshua describes the parcels by giving landmarks along the borders, or in some cases by listing the included cities. If the landmarks listed in Joshua can be identified with modern sites, the borders can be placed on a map.

A general principle, articulated by the archaeologist Yohanan Aharoni, is that each town had a surrounding territory of villages and land that were dependent on it, and the tribal borders ran along the borders of these territories, rather than through the towns themselves. It may be possible to determine the borders of town territories by looking at archaeological field surveys.

The division of Canaan into tribal territories is supposedly set at the time of Joshua's conquest. But by the Bible's account, and archaeologically as well, the Israelites did not conquer the plains at that time; thus, those borders that run through the plains are nominal; they partition land that Israel did not possess.

Galilee Tribes

*Tribe of Naphtali : Josh 19:32-39.
*Tribe of Issachar : Josh 19:17-23.
*Tribe of Zebulun : Josh 19:10-16.
*Tribe of Asher : Josh 19:24-31.

Eastern Tribes

*Tribe of Reuben : Josh 13:15-23
*Tribe of Gad : Josh 13:24-28
*Tribe of Manasseh eastern half, the children of Machir : Josh 13:29-31

West, north, and east borders Manasseh

Josh 17:1-10.

The Manasseh-Ephraim border

Josh 16:1-10 17:7-10
*Kanah river: Wadi Qanah
*Tappuah: Tell Sheikh Abu Zarad
*Michmethath over against Shechem
*Taanath-shiloh: Khirbet Ta'na el-Foqa
*Janoah: Khirbet Yanun

The Ephraim-Dan border

*Beth-horon, upper and lower (Ephraim list only): Beit-`Ue, el-Foqa and el-Tahta
*Aijalon: Yalo
*Shaalbim: Selbit
*Gezer(Ephraim list only)
*Jehud: Yahudiyyeh, 8 km N of Lod
*Bene-berak: Ibn Beraq, 3 km NE of Azor
*Gath-rimmon: Tell el-Jerisheh
*The border that faces JoppaThese towns are all along the Aijalon river.

The Dan-Benjamin border

North to south
*Beth-horon, upper and lower: Beit-`Ue, el-Foqa and el-Tahta
*Aijalon (Dan list only): Yalo
*Shaalbim (Dan list only): Selbit
*Eshtaol (Dan list only): Eshwa`
*Zorah (Dan list only): Sar`ah
*Kiriath-Jearim: Tell Qiryat Ye'arim or Deir el-'AzarThese towns define a line which runs along the edge of the highlands, which forms a natural border.

The Ephraim-Benjamin border

Josh 18:12-14: east to west
*Jericho: Tell es-Sultan
*Wilderness of Bethaven, Bethaven may be another name for Bethel
*Bethel: Beitin
*Ataroth: Tell Mazar
*the Archi, this is an Israeli clan, not a place; where they lived is unknown
*the Japhleti, also a people rather than a place, who they were and where they lived unknown
*Beth-horon, upper and lower: Beit-`Ur, el-Foqa and el-Tahta

Benjamin town list

Josh 18:21-28:
*Jericho, and Bethhoglah ('Ain Hajlah), and the valley of Keziz;
*and Betharabah, and Zemaraim (es-Samra?), and Bethel (Beitin);
*And Avim, and Parah (Farah, c. 3 miles NE of `Anata.), and Ophrah (eT-Taiyebeh?);
*And Chepharhaammonai, and Ophni, and Gaba; twelve cities with their villages:
*Gibeon, and Ramah, and Beeroth;
*And Mizpeh, and Chephirah, and Mozah;
*And Rekem, and Irpeel, and Taralah;
*And Zelah, Eleph, and Jebusi (Jerusalem), Gibeath, Kirjath; fourteen cities with their villages.

The Dan-Judah border

(Josh 15:10-11 & 19:40-47). Listed east to west:
*Mount Jearim: related in some way to Kiriath-Jearim: Tell Qiryat Ye'arim or Deir el-'Azar
*which [is] Chesalon: Kesla
*Eshtaol (Dan list only): Eshwa`
*Zorah (Dan list only): Sar`ah
*Bethshemesh (Irshemesh in Dan list): Tell er-Rumeileh
*Timnah: Tell el-Batashi
*Ekron: Khirbet el-Muqanna`
*Shicron/Shikkeron (Judah list only): Tel el-Ful
*Mount Baalah/Baalath: Mughar
*Jabneel (Judah list only): Yebnah
*Eltekah (Dan list only): Tell esh-Shallaf?
*the goings out of the border were at the sea.

These towns are all near the river Sorek (Wadi es-Soreq), some north and some south, and Aharoni has proposed that the Sorek was the border. The list of towns given for Dan is called a border, and it does seem to be a border list (which means that some towns listed may be in adjoining tribes). There are some towns in the Dan list that are not clearly identified:
*Gibbethon is commonly identified with Tell el-Melat, but this is criticized by Na`aman, on the grounds that Gibbethon was near a stream; he proposes Tell Ras Abu Hamid, which others think is Gittaim.

The Benjamin-Judah border

(Josh 15 & 18) : Listed east to west:
*Bethhoglah ('Ain Hajlah)
*the Arabah/Betharabah
*the stone of Bohan ben-Reuben
*Debir (Thoghret ed-Debr)
*the valley of Achor (Wadi Qilt?)
*Adummim (Tal`at ed-Damm)
*Geliloth; Geliloth means district, and may or may not be a place name.
*Enshemesh (`Ain el-Chod)
*Enrogel (Bir Ayyub)
*the Jebusi
*the valley of Hinnom, or ben-Hinnom
*a mountain before the valley of Hinnom
*the well of waters of Nephtoah: Lifta
*the towns of mount Ephron
*Kiriath-Jearim: Tell Qiryat Ye'arim or Deir el-'Azar

Simeon's borders

*Tribe of Simeon : Josh 19:1-9.

The southern border of Judah

Numbers 34:2-5, Joshua 15:1-4, Ezekiel 47:19, 48:28. East to west:
*wilderness of Zin: SW of the S end of the Dead Sea
*Tamar: `Ain Husb
*the Salt Sea: the Dead Sea
*Akrabbim ascent: Naqb es-Safa
*Kadesh-barnea/Meribath-kadesh: `Ain Qedeis or Khirbet el-Qudeirat
*Hazar-addar: perhaps Khirbet el-Qudeirat
*Hezron: probably the same place as Hazar-addar
*Azmon: Qesiimeh
*The Brook of Egypt: Wadi el-`Arish
*the Great Sea: the Mediterranean

ee also

*Biblical archaeology
*Archaeology of Israel
*Tribes of Israel
*List of Biblical names

External links

* [ International Standard Bible Encyclopedia] - (
* [ Jewish Encyclopedia]
* [ Bible Atlas Online] by [ Access Foundation]

Books and Maps

*cite book | author=Abu-Sitta, Salman H. | title=Atlas of Palestine, 1948 | publisher= [ Palestine Land Society] | year=2004
*cite book | author=Aharoni, Yohanan | title=The Land of the Bible; A Historical Geography | publisher=The Westminster Press | year=1979 | id=ISBN 0-664-24266-9
*cite book | author=Campbell, E., Jr. | title=Shechem II | publisher=ASOR | year=1991 | id=ISBN 0-89757-062-6
*cite book | author=Dever, William G. | title=Who Were the Early Israelites and Where Did They Come From? | publisher=Wm. B. Eerdmans | year=2003 | id=ISBN 0-8028-0975-8
*cite book | author=Dorsey, David A. | title=The Roads and Highways of Ancient Israel | publisher=Johns Hopkins University Press | year=1991 | id=ISBN 0-8018-3898-3
*cite book | author=Finkelstein, I. and Z. Lederman (eds.)| title=Highlands of Many Cultures: The Southern Samaria Survey | publisher=Tel Aviv University Institute of Archaeology | year=1997 | id=ISBN 965-440-007-3
*cite book | author=May, Herbert G. | title=Oxford Bible Atlas | publisher=Oxford University Press | year=1974 | id=ISBN 0-19-211556-1
*cite book | author=Kallai, Zecharia | title=Historical Geography of the Bible; The Tribal Territories of Israel | publisher=The Magnes Press, The Hebrew University | year=1986 | id=ISBN 965-223-631-4
*cite book | author=Miller, Robert D., II, | title=Chieftains Of The Highland Clans: A History Of Israel In The Twelfth And Eleventh Centuries B.C. | publisher=Wm. B. Eerdmans | year=2005 | id=ISBN 0-8028-0988-X
*cite book | author=Na'aman, Nadav | title=Borders and Districts in Biblical Historiography | publisher=Simor, Ltd. | year=1986 | id=ISBN 965-242-005-0

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Нужен реферат?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Israelites — Twelve Tribes redirects here. For other uses, see The Twelve Tribes (disambiguation). B nai Israel redirects here. For synagogues of that name, see Congregation B nai Israel (disambiguation). For other uses, see Israelites (disambiguation) Part… …   Wikipedia

  • Tribe of Manasseh — Tribes of Israel The Tribes Reuben Simeon Levi Judah Dan Naphtali …   Wikipedia

  • MANASSEH — (Heb. מְנַשֶּׁה), elder son of joseph and the name of one of the 12 tribes of Israel. Manasseh was born to Joseph in Egypt by asenath , daughter of Poti Phera (Gen. 41:50–51). The name is said to be symbolic of Joseph s turn of fortune. Manasseh… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Tribe of Dan — For the 1990s band, see Dan Donovan (guitarist). Tribes of Israel The Tribes Reuben Simeon Levi …   Wikipedia

  • ADOPTION — ADOPTION, taking another s child as one s own. Alleged Cases of Adoption in the Bible The evidence for adoption in the Bible is so equivocal that some have denied it was practiced in the biblical period. (A) GENESIS 15:2–3. Being childless, Abram …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Endor (village) — Endor (or En Dor or Ein Dor) was a village of Canaanites probably located on the Hill of Moreh (Jebel Datii).Fact|date=August 2007 The original Hebrew meaning of Endor is unknown because it is spelled differently in each of the three times it is… …   Wikipedia

  • Book of Joshua — This article is about the canonical book of the Hebrew Bible. For information on the Samaritan version, see Book of Joshua (Samaritan). Hebrew Bible …   Wikipedia

  • Tribe of Naphtali — Tribes of Israel The Tribes Reuben Simeon Levi Judah Dan Naph …   Wikipedia

  • Yavne — Infobox Israel municipality name=Yavne imgsize= hebname=Hebrew|יַבְנֶה arname=ياڨني, يبنة meaning = founded= 1949 type=city typefrom= stdHeb= altOffSp= altUnoSp=Jamnia district=center population=31,900 popyear=2005 area dunam=10700 mayor=Zvi Gov… …   Wikipedia

  • ARAB POPULATION — GENERAL SURVEY Under the British Mandate, 1917–48 In 1917, at the time of the British conquest of Palestine during World War I, the country s Arabic speaking population numbered less than 600,000 persons; in 1947 it was estimated at 1,200,000.… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”