name = Cabezone
image_width = 240px
phylum = Chordata
genus = "
genus_authority = Girard, 1854
species "Scorpaenichthys marmoratus"The cabezone or cabezon is also known as "
Scorpaenichthysmarmoratus". Although the genus name translates literally as " scorpionfish," true scorpionfish belong to the related family Scorpaenidae.
It is a scaleless fish, with a broad bony support extending from the eye across the cheek just under the skin. Normally it has 11 spines on the
dorsal fin. The cabezone also has a stout spine before the eye, an anal finof soft rays, and a fleshy flap on the middle of the snout. A pair of longer flaps are just back of the eyes. The mouth is broad with many small teeth it has large pale areas on the body. The coloring varies, is mottled with browns, greens and reds. >90% of red fish are males, whereas >90% of green fish are females [Probably More Than You Want To Know About The Fishes Of The Pacific Coast by Milton Love. Pg 222] It reaches a weight of up to 25 pounds. As the Spanish-origin name implies, the fish has a very large head relative to its body.
Distribution and habitat
It is found from northern
British Columbiato southern California. It frequents kelpbeds at moderate depths, and shallow waters.
It feeds on
crustaceans, fishes and fish eggs. The cabezone is considered important as a game fish in Central Californiawaters. An excellent food fish, it is taken irregulary throughout the year by using cut baitand jigsfor bait. Cabezone inhabit the tops of rocky ledges as opposed to rockfishand lingcod, which usually inhabit the sheer faces of these features.
The current world record for cabezone on hook and line is 23 pounds, 0 ounces in
Juan de Fuca Strait, WA on Aug. 4, 1990 by Wesley Hunter.
*H. J. Rayner "Cabezone." "The Wise Fishermen's Encyclopedia" (1951)
*International Game Fish Association "World Saltwater Records" http://www.schoolofflyfishing.com/resources/worldsaltrecords.htm "(Link dead as of Aug 15, 2008)"
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