- Reed Elsevier
company_name = Reed Elsevier PLC/NV
company_type = Public (lse|REL,Euronext|REN,nyse|ENL, nyse|RUK)
foundation = Merger of
Elsevierand Reed International PLC in 1993
key_people = Jan Hommen (
Sir Crispin Davis (
industry = Publishing (science & medical, legal, education and business)
revenue = £4,584 million (
operating_income = £888 million (
net_income = £1,203 million (
num_employees = 32,000 (
Reed Business Information
homepage = [http://www.reedelsevier.com/ www.reedelsevier.com]
Reed Elsevier is a global
publisherand information provider. It came into being in autumn 1992 as the result of a merger between Reed International, a British trade book and magazine publisher, and the Dutch science publisher Elsevier NV, [cite news| url=http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9A04E7D6123DF935A35753C1A962958260 | publisher= New York Times | author=Edward A. Gargan | date= 1994-10-06 | title= Reed-Elsevier Building Big Presence in the U.S. | access-date=2008-02-18] forming the Reed Elsevier group, a dual-listed companyconsisting of Reed Elsevier PLC and Reed Elsevier NV. [ [http://www.reedelsevier.com/index.cfm?articleid=1186 Reed-Elsevier corporate structure] ] It is listed on several of the world's major stock exchanges. [Euronext|REN (NV), nyse|ENL (ADR for NV), lse|REL (PLC), nyse|RUK (ADR for PLC).]
In 1894, Albert E. Reed established a newsprint manufacture at Tovil Mill near Maidstone, Kent. In 1903, Albert E Reed was registered as a public company. In 1970, the company name was changed to Reed International Limited.The company originally grew by merging with other publishers and produced high quality trade journals as IPC Business Press Ltd and women's and other consumer magazines as IPC magazines Ltd. For a time the company published The Daily Mirror. The original family owners the Reeds were Methodists and encouraged good working conditions for their staff in the then dangerous print trade. They became known also for paying their staff well, and avoiding casual labour practices. The company however in modern times took full advantage of changing attitudes in the 1980s and was associated in job cutting exercises throughout its magazine empire, following union de-recognition in the 1990s (union recognition has since been regained in several business units).
Jacobus George Robbersstarted a publishing company called NV Uitgeversmaatschappij Elsevier (Elsevier Publishing Company NV) to publish literary classics and the encyclopedia Winkler Prins. Robbers named the company after the old Dutch printers family Elzevir, which, for example, published the works of Erasmusin 1587. Elsevier NV originally was based in Rotterdambut moved to Amsterdamin the late 1880s.
Up to the 1930s, Elsevier remained a small family-owned publisher, with no more than ten employees. After the war it launched the weekly Elseviers Weekblad, which turned out to be very profitable. A rapid expansion followed. " Elsevier Press Inc." started in 1951 in
Houston, Texas, and in 1962 publishing offices were opened in London and New York. Multiple mergers in the 1970s led to name changes, settling at "Elsevier Scientific Publishers" in 1979. Two years before the merger with Reed, Elsevier acquired Pergamon Pressin the UK.
Reed Elsevier conducts its business through the following divisions:
* The science and medical publishing division is
* The legal publishing division is
* The business division is
Reed Business Information
ScienceDirectcontains over 25% of the world's science, technology and medicine full text and bibliographic information.
Scopus is the world's largest abstract and citation database of research literature and quality web sources. Scopus is updated daily.
Reed Business, Reed Elsevier's global Business division, is a provider of magazines, exhibitions, directories, online media and marketing services across five continents. Its prestige brands serve professionals across a diverse range of industries. These brands include Variety, New Scientist, totaljobs.com, Elsevier, Kellysearch, and the World Travel & Tourism Market.
In February 2007, Reed Elsevier announced its intention to sell Harcourt, its educational publishing division. [cite web |url=http://today.reuters.co.uk/news/articlebusiness.aspx?type=businessNews&storyID=2007-02-15T085202Z_01_WLB5021_RTRUKOC_0_UK-REED-RESULTS.xml |title= Reed Elsevier to sell education arm |accessdate=2007-02-21 |format= |work= ] On 4th May 2007 Pearson, the international education and information company, announced that it had agreed to acquire Harcourt Assessment and Harcourt Education International from Reed Elsevier for $950m in cash. [cite web |url=http://www.pearson.com/index.cfm?pageid=73&pressid=2263 |title= Pearson acquires Harcourt Assessment and Harcourt Education International from Reed Elsevier |accessdate=2007-05-08 |format= |work= ] In July 2007, Reed Elsevier announced its agreement to sell the remaining Harcourt Education business, including international imprint Heinemann, to Houghton Mifflin Riverdeep Group for $4b in cash and stock. [cite web |url=http://www.latimes.com/business/la-fi-briefs17.4jul17,1,6494928.story?coll=la-headlines-business |title=Houghton Mifflin to buy Harcourt |accessdate=2007-07-17 |format= |work= ]
Reed Elsevier has been criticised for the high prices of its journals and services, especially Elsevier and LexisNexis. Members of the scientific community have called for a boycott of Elsevier journals and a move to
open accesspublications such as those of the Public Library of Scienceor BioMed Central. [ John Baez, [http://math.ucr.edu/home/baez/journals.html What We Can Do About Science Journals] , January 8, 2006]
=Defence Exhibitions= Members of the medical and scientific communities, which purchase and use many journals published by Reed Elsevier, agitated for the company to cut its links to the arms trade. Two UK academics, Dr. Tom Stafford of Sheffield University and Dr Nick Gill, launched petitions calling on Reed Elsevier to stop organising arms fairs. [ [http://cage.ugent.be/~npg/elsevier/signstatement.html Petition] ] [ [http://www.idiolect.org.uk/elsevier/petition.php Petition] ] A subsidiary, Spearhead, organised defence shows, including an event where it was reported that
cluster bombsand extremely powerful riot controlequipment were offered for sale. [cite news |first=Saeed |last=Shah |authorlink= |coauthors= |title=Cluster bombs on offer at arms fair despite sales ban |url=http://news.independent.co.uk/uk/this_britain/article312473.ece |work= |publisher=The Independent |date=2005-09-14 |accessdate=2007-02-21 ] [cite news |first=Richard |last=Norton-Taylor |authorlink= |coauthors= |title=Banned stun guns and leg irons advertised at arms fair |url=http://www.guardian.co.uk/uk_news/story/0,,1571378,00.html |work= |publisher=The Guardian |date=2005-09-16 |accessdate=2007-02-21 ]
In February 2007, Richard Smith, former editor of the
British Medical Journal, published an editorial in the Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine, arguing that Reed Elsevier's involvement in both the arms trade and medical publishing constituted a conflict of interest. [cite news |first=Richard |last=Smith |authorlink= |coauthors= |title=Lancet publishers condemned over promotion of arms |url= http://www.rsm.ac.uk/media/pr234.htm |work= |publisher=Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine |date=2007-02-20 |accessdate=2007-03-18 ] He suggested that if academics began to disengage with Reed Elsevier, the company would be likely to end their arms fairs, as arms fairs only comprise a small proportion of their business.
On June 1, 2007, Reed Elsevier announced that they would be exiting the Defence Exhibition business during the second half of 2007. [cite news |title=Reed Elsevier says to exit defence industry shows |url=http://investing.reuters.co.uk/news/articleinvesting.aspx?type=allBreakingNews&storyID=2007-06-01T111235Z_01_L01353160_RTRIDST_0_REEDELSEVIER-DEFENCE.XML|date=2007-06-01]
This means that the company no longer organises arms fairs around the world. The decision followed a high-profile campaign, coordinated by CAAT, which highlighted the incompatibility of Reed's involvement in the arms trade and their position as the number one publisher of medical and science journals and other publications. CAAT welcomed the decision and applauded the board of Reed Elsevier for recognising the concerns of its stakeholders. [ [http://www.caat.org.uk/campaigns/reedelsevier.php CAAT - Arms Fairs ] ]
* [http://www.guardian.co.uk/life/badscience/story/0,,2010036,00.html?gusrc=rss&feed=18 Guardian Unlimited, Bad Science by Ben Goldacre about Open Access and DSEI arms trade]
* [http://www.ketupa.net/elsevier2.htm ketupa.net media profile: Reed Elsevier] historical overview
* [http://www.forbes.com/global/2002/1111/044.html Double Dutch No Longer] in-depth article about the company from 2002 (Forbes.com)
* [http://www.reedelsevier.com/ Official web site Reed Elsevier]
* [http://www.elsevier.com/ Official web site Elsevier]
* [http://www.lexisnexis.com/ Official web site LexisNexis]
* [http://www.reedbusiness.com Official web site Reed Business]
* [http://www.martindale.com Official web site Martindale]
* [http://www.lawyers.com Official web site Lawyers.com]
* [http://www.attorneys.com Official web site Attorneys.com]
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