- Institute of Economic Affairs
The Institute of Economic Affairs (IEA) styles itself the UK's pre-eminent
free-market think-tank, founded in 1955. Its mission is to improve understanding of the fundamental institutions of a free societyby analysing and expounding the role of marketsin solving economic and social problems. [http://www.iea.org.uk/record.jsp?type=page&ID=23]
The IEA tries to achieve its mission by:
* a publishing programme
* conferences, seminars and lectures
* outreach to university, college and school students
* brokering media introductions and appearances;
* and other related activities
The core belief of free-marketeers is that people should be free to do what they want in life as long as they don't harm anyone else. They say that on the whole, society's problems and challenges are best dealt with by people and companies interacting with each other freely without interference from politicians and the State. This means that government action, whether through taxes,
regulationor laws, should be kept to a minimum. IEA authors and speakers are therefore always on the look-out for ways of reducing the government's role in our lives. [http://www.iea.org.uk/record.jsp?type=page&ID=23]
Antony Fisherread a summary of " The Road to Serfdom" by Friedrich Hayekin the front of the April issue of "Reader’s Digest". Later that year Fisher visited Hayek at the London School of Economics. The economist dissuaded Fisher from embarking on a political and parliamentary career in order to try and prevent the spread of socialismand central planning. Instead, Hayek suggested the establishment of a body which could engage in research and reach the intellectuals with reasoned argument. If the intellectuals could be convinced of the benefits of free-markets, the politicians would follow.
In June 1955 "The Free Convertibility of Sterling" by George Winder was published, with Fisher signing the foreword as Director of the IEA. Later that year, in November, the IEA’s Original Trust Deed was signed by Fisher, John Harding and Oliver Smedley. Ralph Harris (later Lord Harris) began work as part-time General Director in January 1957. He was joined in 1958 by
Arthur Seldon, who was initially appointed Editorial Advisor and became the Editorial Director in 1959. Seldon proposed a series of Papers for economists to explore the market approach to the issues of the day. Eventually, these emerged as the Hobart Papers; 154 had been published by August 2006. In addition, 32 Hobart Paperbacks had been released along with 139 Occasional Papers, 61 Readings and 61 Research Monographs. A large number of other titles have been published in association with trade and university presses. [http://www.iea.org.uk/record.jsp?type=page&ID=24]
The first number of the "The Journal of Economic Affairs" was published in October 1980. "Economic Affairs" continues to be published to the present day. Indeed, IEA publications are now sold throughout the world - reprinted and translated into over twenty-five languages. By 2006 the Institute had subscribers in over 55 countries, sales in more than 65 countries and conference attendees from over 50 countries. In the UK, many IEA titles have become mandatory in university and classroom reading lists. [http://www.iea.org.uk/record.jsp?type=page&ID=23]
The IEA has also played an active role in developing similar institutions across the globe. A world-wide network of over one hundred institutions in nearly eighty countries has been created. All are independent but share in the IEA's mission. [http://www.iea.org.uk/record.jsp?type=page&ID=23]
Many IEA ideas first considered controversial have become almost conventional wisdom, from the abolition of exchange controls and the repeal of
resale price maintenanceto congestion charging and central bank independenceFact|date=September 2007.
More broadly, IEA authors claim to have paved the way for the conquering of inflation, the reform of trade unions and the privatisation of the commanding heights of the economy. Today IEA authors are concerned with regulation issues, the reform of public services and a market driven vision of European integration.
The IEA is a registered educational and research charity (No CC 235 351) [http://www.charity-commission.gov.uk/registeredcharities/search.asp?words=institute+of+economic+affairs&searchby=name&keyType=N&limit=200&position=2&OpArea=S&area_of_op=] . As such it is entirely funded by voluntary donations from individuals, companies and foundations who want to support its work, plus income from book sales and conferences. It does no contract work, accepts no money from government and is entirely independent of any political party or group. [http://www.iea.org.uk/record.jsp?type=page&ID=23]
The Institute has an ambitious publishing programme. IEA papers are arranged in a series of titles, each with its own 'brand image'. The main series of publications is complemented by the Institute's quarterly journal Economic Affairs [http://www.blackwellpublishing.com] .
The Institute's research activities are aided by an international Academic Advisory Council and a panel of Honorary Fellows. Together with other academics they review all prospective IEA publications. Their comments are passed on anonymously to the authors. This process means that all IEA papers are subjected to the same rigorous independent blind-refereeing process that is used by leading academic journals. The views expressed in IEA papers are those of the authors and not of the Institute (which has no corporate view), its Trustees, Directors or Advisers.
Some ten economists engaged in the IEA's work have gone on to win the Nobel Prize in Economics:
Gary Becker, James M. Buchanan, Ronald Coase, Milton Friedman, Friedrich Hayek, John Hicks, James Meade, Douglas C. North, Vernon L. Smithand George Stigler. The condensed version of Hayek's "The Road to Serfdom" has been republished by the IEA [http://www.iea.org.uk/record.jsp?type=publication&ID=279] , while the work of Nobel Prize Winners is reprinted in "The Road to Economic Freedom" [http://www.edward-elgar.co.uk] with a foreword by Margaret Thatcher [http://www.margaretthatcher.org] . The IEA has also recently published groundbreaking research in areas such as business ethics, economic development, education, pensions, regulation, taxation and transport. In 2002, Dr.Barry Bracewell-Milnes authored "Euthanasia for Death Duties - Putting Inheritance Tax Out of Its Misery", which was published by the IEA, ISBN 0-255-36513-6 .
*John Blundell, Director General and
*Terry Arthur, IEA Pensions and Regulation Fellow
*James Bartholomew, IEA Social Policy Fellow
*Keith Boyfield, IEA Regulation Fellow
Robert L. Bradley, IEA Energy and Climate Change Fellow
*Professor Tim Congdon, IEA Economics Fellow
Dennis O'Keeffe, IEA Education and Welfare Fellow
Richard D. North, IEA Media Fellow
*Dr Mark Pennington, IEA Political Economy Fellow
*Professor John Spiers, IEA Health Policy Fellow
*Dr Elaine Sternberg, IEA Philosophy and Corporate Governance Fellow
*Dr Cento Veljanovski, IEA Law and Economics Fellow
*Professor Michael Beenstock
James M. Buchanan
*Professor R M Hartwell
*Professor Terence W Hutchison
*Professor Chiaki Nishiyama
*Professor Sir Alan Peacock
*Professor Ben Roberts
Vernon L. Smith
*Professor Gordon Tullock
* [http://www.iea.org.uk IEA website]
* Richard Cockett, "Thinking the unthinkable: think-tanks and the economic counter-revolution, 1931-1983", Fontana Press, 1995, ISBN 0-00-637586-3
List of UK think tanks
* [http://www.iea.org.uk/ Institute of Economic Affairs]
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