- Big Diomede
Big Diomede Island ( _ru. Острова Диомида , "ostrová Diomida", native name "Imaqliq"), is an island among the
Diomede Islandsin the middle of the Bering Strait. The island is a part of the Chukotka Autonomous Okrugof Russia.
Big Diomede Island is located about 45 km (28 miles) southwest of
Cape Dezhnevon the Chukchi Peninsulaand is Russia's easternmost point. The coordinates are coord|65|46|52|N|169|03|25|W|.
tuya-type island has an area of about 29 square km (11 square miles) [ [http://www.history.com/encyclopedia.do?articleId=207616 History.com] ]
International Date Lineruns just about 1.3 km (0.8 miles) [ [http://www.wikimapia.org/#lat=65.759836&lon=-168.927592&spnx=0.1&spny=0.1&m=h Wikimapia] ] east of the island.
The island has been populated by the
Inuitfor a long time.
The first European to reach the islands was the Russian explorer
Semyon Dezhnevin 1648. The Danish navigator (in Russian service) Vitus Beringre-discovered the Diomede Islands on August 16, 1728, the day on which the Russian Orthodox Churchcelebrates the memory of the martyr St. Diomede[ [http://www.russia.com/islands/diomede-islands/ Russia.com] ] .
1732, the Russian geodesist, " Mikhail Gvozdev", plotted the islands map.
1867during the Alaska Purchasethe new border between the nations was drawn right between the islands.
World War IIthe native population was forced off Big Diomede Island to the mainland in order to avoid contacts across the border but the Inupiatpeople have now returnedFact|date=September 2008.
Cold War, that line constituted the border between the USA and the Soviet Union, and became known as the "Ice Curtain". In 1987, however, Lynne Coxswam from Little Diomedeto Big Diomede and was congratulated jointly by Ronald Reaganand Mikhail Gorbachev.
* [http://www.russia.com/islands/diomede-islands/ About Big Diomede Island]
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.