Big Diomede

Big Diomede

Big Diomede Island ( _ru. Острова Диомида , "ostrová Diomida", native name "Imaqliq"), is an island among the Diomede Islands in the middle of the Bering Strait. The island is a part of the Chukotka Autonomous Okrug of Russia.


Big Diomede Island is located about 45 km (28 miles) southwest of Cape Dezhnev on the Chukchi Peninsula and is Russia's easternmost point. The coordinates are coord|65|46|52|N|169|03|25|W|.

The rocky tuya-type island has an area of about 29 square km (11 square miles) [ [] ]

The International Date Line runs just about 1.3 km (0.8 miles) [ [ Wikimapia] ] east of the island.


The island has been populated by the Inuit for a long time.

The first European to reach the islands was the Russian explorer Semyon Dezhnev in 1648. The Danish navigator (in Russian service) Vitus Bering re-discovered the Diomede Islands on August 16, 1728, the day on which the Russian Orthodox Church celebrates the memory of the martyr St. Diomede [ [] ] .

In 1732, the Russian geodesist, "Mikhail Gvozdev", plotted the islands map.

In 1867 during the Alaska Purchase the new border between the nations was drawn right between the islands.

After World War II the native population was forced off Big Diomede Island to the mainland in order to avoid contacts across the border but the Inupiat people have now returnedFact|date=September 2008.

During the Cold War, that line constituted the border between the USA and the Soviet Union, and became known as the "Ice Curtain". In 1987, however, Lynne Cox swam from Little Diomede to Big Diomede and was congratulated jointly by Ronald Reagan and Mikhail Gorbachev.


External links

* [ About Big Diomede Island]

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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Big Diomede — n. see DIOMEDE ISLANDS * * * …   Universalium

  • Big Diomede — n. see DIOMEDE ISLANDS …   English World dictionary

  • Big Diomede — Diomedes Inseln; Ratmanow Insel rechts im Bild. Die Ratmanow Insel, auch Große Diomedes Insel (engl.: Big Diomede) genannt, bildet mit der etwa 4 km östlich liegenden Kleinen Diomedes Insel und dem unbewohnten Fairway Felsen (beide gehören zum US …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Big Diomede — Big′ Di′omede n. geg See under Diomede Islands …   From formal English to slang

  • Big Diomede Island — Sp Didžióji Diomèdo salà Ap Big Diomede Island angliškai Sp Ratmãnovo salà Ap Ostrov Ratmanova rusiškai L Beringo sąs. (Diomedo ss.), RF (Čiukčių aut. apyg.) …   Pasaulio vietovardžiai. Internetinė duomenų bazė

  • Big Diomede — geographical name see Diomede Islands …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Big Diomede. — See under Diomede Islands. * * * …   Universalium

  • Big Diomede. — See under Diomede Islands …   Useful english dictionary

  • Diomede, Alaska — Diomede   City   Photo of Diomede (Inalik) village on the west coast …   Wikipedia

  • Diomede Islands — Russian: острова Гвоздева Inupiaq: ? Diomede Islands: Little Diomede (left) and Big Diomede (right) …   Wikipedia

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