State of the State Address

State of the State Address

The State of the State Address is a speech customarily given once each year by the governors of most states of the United States. The speech is customarily delivered before both houses of the state legislature sitting in joint session, with the exception of Nebraska Legislature, which is a unicameral body.

The potentially unclear name reflects the dual meanings of the word "state"; the first refers to the general condition of a thing, and the second refers to the political conception of a state. This address is also known by other names. In Iowa, the speech is called the Condition of the State Address. In Kentucky, Massachusetts, Pennsylvania, and Virginia it is called the State of the Commonwealth Address. The speech is given to satisfy a constitutional stipulation that a governor must report annually, or in older constitutions described as being "from time to time," on the state or condition of a U.S. state. There are also many cities in the United States that do a State of the City address.

A similar address given by the President of the United States is known as the State of the Union Address.

References

* Nuquist, Andrew E. and Edith W. Nuquist. "Vermont State Government and Administration." Government Research Center, The University of Vermont: 1966. Library of Congress Card Number 65-29199.
* Tarr, G. Alan. "Understanding State Constitutions." Princeton University Press: 2000. ISBN 978-0691070667.
* Wolin, Sheldon. "The Presence of the Past: Essays on the State and the Constitution." The Johns Hopkins University Press: 1990. ISBN 978-0801841163.


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