Presian II of Bulgaria

Presian II of Bulgaria

Presian II ( _bg. Пресиян II) (or also "Prusian") was emperor (tsar) of Bulgaria for a short time in 1018. The year of his birth may have been 996/997; he may have died in exile in 1060/1061. Presian II was clearly the legitimate and unchallenged claimant to the crown of Bulgaria in 1018 and he was in charge of the resistance to Byzantine conquest, but his ephemeral and constrained rule has resulted in his omission from most lists of Bulgarian monarchs.

Presian II was the eldest son of Emperor Ivan Vladislav of Bulgaria and his wife Marija. After the death of Ivan Vladislav at the siege of Durazzo in February 1018, the Byzantine Emperor Basil II invaded Bulgaria and quickly obtained the submission of much of the nobility, including the widowed Empress Marija and the Bulgarian Patriarch.Although the capital Ohrid also surrendered, some of the nobility and the army rallied around Presian II as his father's successor. Presian II and his brothers Aron and Alusian headed a determined opposition to the Byzantine conquest in and around the Albanian mountain Tomor (Tmor) during a Byzantine blockade of long duration in 1018. Eventually Presian II and his brothers were forced to surrender, and were integrated into the court nobility in Constantinople. There Presian was granted the high court title of "magistros", like the previous ruler of Bulgaria to be deposed by the Byzantines, Boris II.

About a decade later, in the late 1020s, Presian became involved in the conspiracy of his sister's husband, Romanos Kourkouas, against Emperor Constantine VIII. Returning from exile after the accession of Romanos III Argyros in 1029, Presian was once again implicated in a plot, together with his mother Marija. This time Presian was planning to marry Theodora, a daughter of Constantine VIII, and to usurp the throne. The plot was discovered, and Presian was blinded and tonsured as monk in 1030. His subsequent fate is unknown, but the gravestone of a certain "Prince Presian" found in Michalovce, Slovakia (then part of Hungary) may indicate that he emigrated to Hungary and died there in 1060/1061.


* John V.A. Fine Jr., "The Early Medieval Balkans", Ann Arbor, 1983.

External links

* [ Detailed List of Bulgarian Rulers]


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Presian I of Bulgaria — Presian Ruler of Bulgaria Presian Inscription, first plate, Archeological Museum, Philippi, Greece. Reign 836–852 …   Wikipedia

  • Presian Ridge — (Presiyanov Rid pre si ya nov rid) is a ridge of elevation 1456 m extending 950 m in E W direction in Friesland Ridge, Tangra Mountains, Livingston Island, Antarctica. Situated between Mount Friesland to the W and Catalunyan Saddle to the E, and… …   Wikipedia

  • Boris I of Bulgaria — Infobox Monarch | name =Boris I title = Knyaz of Bulgaria caption =St Knyaz Boris I reign =852 ndash;889 coronation = predecessor =Presian successor =Vladimir consort =Maria issue =Vladimir Gavrail Simeon I Evpraksiya Anna royal house = Krum s… …   Wikipedia

  • Catherine of Bulgaria — Catherine (Ekaterina) of Bulgaria was a daughter of Ivan Vladislav of Bulgaria and his wife Marija. Family She was a sister of Presian II of Bulgaria and Alusian of Bulgaria. She was also a paternal aunt of Maria of Bulgaria. She married Isaac I… …   Wikipedia

  • Malamir of Bulgaria — This article is about the Bulgarian ruler. For other uses, see Malamir. Malamir Khan of Bulgaria Reign 831–836 Predecessor Omurtag Successor Presian …   Wikipedia

  • Malamir de Bulgaria — Malamir (en búlgaro: Маламир) fue el gobernante de Bulgaria en 831 a 836. Malamir fue hijo de Omurtag y nieto de Krum. Su nombre es de origen eslavo, y se afirma que es el primer kan búlgaro en poseer un nombre de este origen. Esto ha llevado a… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Samuel of Bulgaria — Samuil redirects here. For the village and municipality in Bulgaria, see Samuil (village). For the Brythonic king ( Samuil of the Britons ), see Sawyl Penuchel. For the Hungarian king, see Samuel Aba. Samuel (Samuil) Tsar (Emperor) of Bulgaria …   Wikipedia

  • Ferdinand I of Bulgaria — Ferdinand Tsar of Bulgaria Reign 7 July 1887 – 3 October 1918 ( 1000000000000003100000031 years, 1000000000000008800000088 days) Pred …   Wikipedia

  • Michael Shishman of Bulgaria — Michael III Shishman Tsar (Emperor) of Bulgaria Silver coin o …   Wikipedia

  • Omurtag of Bulgaria — Omurtag redirects here. For the town, see Omurtag (town). Omurtag Kanasubigi of Bulgaria Reign 814–831 Predecessor …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”