infobox UK place
country = England
population = 2,021 [cite web | title=Population estimates 2002| work=Somerset County Council | url=http://www.somerset.gov.uk/somerset/statistics/contents/population/estimates/2002mye/ | accessdate=2006-11-11]
region= South West England
postcode_district = BA22
Ilchester is a
villageand civil parish, situated on the River Yeofive miles north of Yeovil, in the English county of Somerset. The village has a populationof 2,021. [cite web | title=Population estimates 2002| work=Somerset County Council | url=http://www.somerset.gov.uk/somerset/statistics/contents/population/estimates/2002mye/ | accessdate=2006-11-11]
It is perhaps best known for the
Ilchester Cheese Company.
In the Roman period, the village was named "
Lindinis" and was the site of a fortand then a townon the Fosse Way. It eventually served as one of two regional capitals for the Durotrigestribe.cite book |last=Dunning |first=Robert |authorlink= |coauthors= |title=A History of Somerset |year=1983 |publisher=Phillimore & Co |location=Chichester |id=ISBN 0-85033-461-6 ]
1000AD there was a mint at Ilchester, which was moved to South Cadburyfollowing attacks by the Danes, and prior to the Siege of Ilchester in 1088.
During the 11th and
12th centuryit was the county townof Somerset.
The town has a 13th century mace with three kings and an angel on it, and is the oldest
staff of officein England.cite book |title=Curiosities of Somerset |last=Leete-Hodge |first=Lornie |authorlink= |coauthors= |year=1985 |publisher=Bossiney Books |location=Bodmin |isbn=0906456983 |pages=73 ]
Ilchester was the parliamentary seat of Sir William Manners (later Lord Huntingtower) in 1802, 1812 and 1818, however it is said that he maintained his position by demolishing the houses of his opponents and putting them in the
workhousewhich meant they did not have the vote. This was defeated by Lord Darlingtonwho built houses for his supporters and thereby became the Member of Parliament.
Ilchester had at least eight churches in
medievaltimes of which two remain. The church of St. Mary Major dates from the 13th centuryand is a grade II* listed building, [cite web | title=church of St. Mary Major | work=Images of England | url=http://www.imagesofengland.org.uk/search/details.aspx?id=263426 | accessdate=2006-11-11] as is the Church of St Andrew which is slightly more recent. [cite web | title=church of St. Andrew | work=Images of England | url=http://www.imagesofengland.org.uk/search/details.aspx?id=418788 | accessdate=2006-11-11]
Notable people from Ilchester
Richard of Ilchester, also called Richard of Toclyve or Richard of Toclive (d. December 22 1188) was a medieval English statesman and prelate
Roger Bacon, who was a key medieval scientist, is said to have been born in or near Ilchester. He was known as "Doctor Mirabilis" and was one of the first to insist on the use of experimentation to back theory.
* The Somerset Urban Archaeological Survey: [http://www.somerset.gov.uk/somerset/cultureheritage/heritage/projects/eus/ilchester Ilchester] , by Miranda Richardson
* [http://www.somerset3d.co.uk/gallery.htm#i Photos of Ilchester in 3d (Anaglyphs)]
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