- Robert Wyatt
Infobox musical artist |
Name = Robert Wyatt
Img_capt = Robert Wyatt, London, April 2006
Background = solo_singer
Birth_name = Robert Wyatt-Ellidge
Born = birth date and age|df=yes|1945|1|28
Instrument = percussion, Keyboards,
Jazz fusion, Progressive rock, Experimental
Years_active = 1963 – present
Label = Virgin, Rough Trade, Domino
The Wilde Flowers, Soft Machine, Matching Mole, Kevin Ayers, Henry Cow
Robert Wyatt (born Robert Wyatt-Ellidge, 28 January 1945, in
Bristol) is an English musician, and founding member of the influential Canterbury sceneband Soft Machine. [http://www.allmusic.com/cg/amg.dll?p=amg&sql=11:3ifixqr5ldfe~T1 allmusic Biography] ] He is married to English painter and songwriter Alfreda Benge.
As a teenager, he lived with his parents in
Lyddennear Dover. Here he was taught the drums by visiting American jazzdrummer George Neidorf.
In 1962, Wyatt and Neidorf moved to
Majorcawhere they stayed near the poet Robert Graves. The following year, Wyatt returned to England and joined the Daevid Allen Triowith Daevid Allenand Hugh Hopper. Allen subsequently left for Franceand Wyatt and Hopper formed The Wilde Flowerswith Kevin Ayers, Richard Sinclairand Brian Hopper. Wyatt was initially the drummer in the Wilde Flowers, but following the departure of Ayers, he also became lead singer.
oft Machine and Matching Mole
In 1966, the Wilde Flowers disintegrated, and Wyatt and Mike Ratledge formed the
Soft Machinewith Kevin Ayersand Daevid Allen. Here Wyatt both drummed and sang, an unusual combination for a stage rock band.
In 1970, after chaotic touring, three albums and increasing internal conflicts in Soft Machine, Wyatt released his first solo album, "
The End of an Ear", which combined his vocal and multi-instrumental talents with tape effects.
A year later, Wyatt left Soft Machine and, besides participating in the fusion bigband Centipede and drumming at the
JazzFest Berlin's New Violin Summit, a live concert with violinists Jean-Luc Ponty, Don "Sugarcane" Harris, Michał Urbaniakand Nipso Brantner, guitarist Terje Rypdal, keyboardist Wolfgang Daunerand bassist Neville Whitehead [Allmusicguide|id=10:jzfyxq85ldte|label=New Violin Summit] , formed his own band Matching Mole(a pun on "machine molle", French for 'Soft Machine'), a largely instrumental outfit. After two albums and a split, Matching Mole were about to embark on a third record when, on 1 June 1973, during an alcohol fueled party for Gong's Gilli Smythand June Campbell Cramer (also known as Lady June) at the latter's Maida Vale home, an inebriated Wyatt fell from a third floor window. He was paralysed from the waist down and subsequently confined to a wheelchair. On 4 November that year, Pink Floydperformed two benefit concerts, in one day, at London's Rainbow Theatre, supported by Soft Machine, and compered by John Peel. The concerts raised a reported £10,000 for Wyatt.
The injury led Wyatt to abandon the Matching Mole project, and his drumming. He promptly embarked on a solo-career, and with musician friends (including
Mike Oldfield, the poet Ivor Cutlerand Henry Cowguitarist Fred Frith), he released his acclaimed solo-album "Rock Bottom". Later that same year he put out a single, a cover versionof " I'm a Believer", which hit number 29 in the UK chart. Both were produced by Pink Floyd drummer Nick Masonand Wyatt would subsequently sing lead vocals on Mason's 1981, and first, solo album " Fictitious Sports" (with songwriting credits going to Carla Bley). There were strong arguments with the producer of " Top of the Pops" surrounding Wyatt's performance of "I'm a Believer," on the grounds that his wheelchair-bound appearance 'was not suitable for family viewing', the producer wanting Wyatt to appear on a normal chair. Wyatt won the day and 'lost his rag but not the wheel chair', but gave a performance that could best be described as disgruntled.
His follow-up single, a reggae ballad remake of Chris Andrews's hit "
Yesterday Man" was nearly released by Virgin, but at the last minute it was shelved due to "the boss at Virgin claiming that single was 'lugubrious', robbing Wyatt of a possible follow-up hit". [Quote taken from the liner notes of Wyatt's "EPs" boxset.]
Wyatt's next solo-album, "
Ruth Is Stranger Than Richard", was more jazz-led, with free jazzinfluences and nods to African music. Guest musicians included Brian Enoon guitar, synthesizer and "direct inject anti-jazz ray gun".
Throughout the rest of the 1970s, Wyatt guested with various acts, including
Henry Cow(documented on their " Henry Cow Concerts" album), Hatfield and the North, Carla Bley, Michael Mantler, and Roxy Musicguitarist Phil Manzanera, contributing lead vocals to lead track "Frontera", from Manzanera's 1975 solo debut "Diamond Head". His solo work during the early 1980s was increasingly politicised, and Wyatt became a member of the Communist Party of Great Britain. In 1982, his interpretation of Elvis Costello's Falklands War-inspired song "Shipbuilding", the last in a series of political cover-versions (collected as " Nothing Can Stop Us"), reached number 36 in the UK singles chart.
In the late 1980s, after collaborations with other acts such as
News from Babelas well as Japanese recording artist Ryuichi Sakamoto, he and his wife Alfreda Bengespent a sabbatical in Spain, before returning in 1991 with a comeback album "Dondestan", considered by many to be his best work since "Rock Bottom". His 1997 album " Shleep" was also highly acclaimed.
In 1999 he collaborated with the Italian singer
Cristina Donàon her second album " Nido". In the summer of 2000 her first EP " Goccia" was released and Wyatt made an appearance in the video of the title track.
Wyatt contributed the haunting "Masters of the Field", as well as "The Highest Gander", "La Forêt Rouge" and "Hors Champ" to the soundtrack of the acclaimed 2001 film "Winged Migration". He can be seen in the DVD's Special Features section, and is praised by the film's composer
Bruno Coulaisas being a big influence in his younger days.
Influence on other artists
Tears for Fearssong "I Believe" from " Songs from the Big Chair" (1985) is reportedly dedicated to Wyatt; the video features Roland Orzabalsitting shirtless in an arm chair for most of the video to mimic Wyatt's paralysis. As a further tribute to Wyatt, on the b-side of the single, Orzabal performs a cover version of " Sea Song", one of his most loved songs from the "Rock Bottom" album. This recording can also be found on the " Tears For Fears" compilation CD " Saturnine Martial & Lunatic" as well as later remastered versions of "Songs from the Big Chair".
In June 2001, Wyatt was curator of the Meltdown festival, and sang "
Comfortably Numb" during David Gilmour's performance at the festival, recorded on Gilmour's DVD " David Gilmour in Concert".
In January 2003
BBC Fourbroadcast a programme entitled "Free Will and Testament" which featured performance footage of Wyatt with other musicians including Ian Maidman and Liam Genocky, together with interviews with John Peel, Brian Eno, Annie Whitehead, Alfie and Robert Wyatt himself. [ [http://www.bbc.co.uk/bbcfour/music/features/robert-wyatt.shtml Free Will and Testament] , BBC Four]
In late 2003, Wyatt put out his album "
Cuckooland" which was nominated for the Mercury Music Prize.
In 2004, Wyatt collaborated with
Björkon the song "Submarine" which was released on her fifth album "Medúlla".
:"He lives in Louth, Lincolnshire and he has equipment in his bedroom where he records himself and his albums. We brought a G4 and
Pro Toolsand recorded it in like one afternoon. He's such an extraordinary singer. Before he left, he insisted to give us a scale of his voice, where he sings all the tones – and he has the most amazing range, like 5 or 6 octaves. What's really interesting about his range is that each octave is of a totally different character. We actually ended up using that later for "Oceania", we used what he calls the 'Wyattron'." — Björk, XFM25 August 2004
In 2006, Wyatt played with
David Gilmouron Gilmour's new release " On An Island", singing and playing cornet and percussion on "Then I Close My Eyes." Wyatt performed as a guest at Gilmour's series of Royal Albert Hall concerts, playing his cornet solo for this song. This is documented on the " Remember That Night" DVDand Blu-ray, released in 2007. Wyatt also read passages from the novels of Haruki Murakamifor Max Richter's album "Songs from Before".
In 2006, Wyatt collaborated with
Steve Nieveand Muriel Teodori on an opera "Welcome to the Voice". Wyatt interprets the character 'the Friend', both singing and playing pocket trumpet. "Welcome to the Voice" is an opera in one unique scene, on the street in front of an opera house. Robert's contribution to the recording was recorded at Phil Manzanera's home studio in North London. "Welcome to the Voice" is released in May on Deutsche Grammophon, and the recording features Robert Wyatt, Barbara Bonney, Sting, Amanda Roocroft, Elvis Costello, Nathalie Manfrino, Brodsky Quartet, Sara Fulgoni, Ned Rothenberg, Antoine Quessada, Marc Ribot, Steve Nieveand Muriel Teodori.
In March 2007, it was announced that Wyatt was working on a new solo album entitled "
Comicopera". It was released in October 2007 on the Domino Recordslabel, a large independent label housing such big indie stars as Arctic Monkeys, Pavement, Neutral Milk Hoteland Elliott Smith.
In September 2008, it was announced that
Domino Recordswill re-release Wyatt's " Drury Lane", "Rock Bottom", " Ruth Is Stranger Than Richard" and " Nothing Can Stop Us" on October 27. The label will re-release " Old Rottenhat", " Dondestan", " Shleep", " Cuckooland" and a collection of EPs on November 17. The re-releases will be available on CD and vinyl. [ Brock Thiesson [http://exclaim.ca/articles/generalarticlesynopsfullart.aspx?csid1=125&csid2=844&fid1=33971] September 28, 2006. Exclaim]
Recently the verb "Wyatting", named obviously after Robert Wyatt, appeared in some blogs and music magazines to describe the practice of playing weird tracks on a pub jukebox to annoy the other pub goers. The name was coined by Carl Neville, a 36-year-old English teacher from London, because one of the favourite LPs for this effect is "Dondestan".
Robert Wyatt was quoted in "
The Guardian": as saying "I think it's really funny," and "I'm very honoured at the idea of becoming a verb." [Ned Beauman [http://www.guardian.co.uk/g2/story/0,,1816709,00.html Wyatting (vb): when jukeboxes go mad] "The Guardian" 10 July 2006,] However, when asked if he would ever try it himself, he said "Oh no. I don't really like disconcerting people. Although often when I try to be normal I disconcert anyway." [Tim Adams [http://music.guardian.co.uk/folk/reviews/story/0,,2168573,00.html Robert Wyatt, Comicopera] "The Observer" 16 September 2007]
The End of an Ear" (1970)
*"Rock Bottom" (1974)
Ruth Is Stranger Than Richard" (1975)
Nothing Can Stop Us" (1981, Singles compilation; 1983 Australian edition includes "Shipbuilding")
The Animals Film" (1982, Soundtrack)
Old Rottenhat" (1985)
Flotsam Jetsam" (1994)
A Short Break" (1996, EP)
Dondestan (Revisited)" (1998)
Solar Flares Burn for You" (2003)
His Greatest Misses" (2004, compilation)
*"Theatre Royal Drury Lane 8 September 1974" (2005)
*"The Peel Sessions" (1974, "Alifib"/"Soup Song"/"Sea Song"/"I'm a Believer")
*"Work In Progress" (1984, "Biko"/"Amber and the Amberines"/"Yolanda"/"
Te Recuerdo Amanda")
*"4 Tracks EP" (1984, "I'm a Believer"/"Yesterday Man"/"Team Spirit"/"Memories")
*"Airplay" (2002, "Fridge"/"When Access Was a Noun "/"Salt-Ivy"/"Signed Curtain")
I'm a Believer"/" Memories (song)" (1974)
Yesterday Man"/" I'm a Believer" (1974)
*"Yesterday Man"/"Sonia" (1977)
*"At Last I'm Free"/"
Strange Fruit" (1980)
Stalin Wasn't Stallin'"/"Stalingrad" (1981)
*"Grass"/"Trade Union" (1981)
*"Shipbuilding"/"Memories of You"/"'Round Midnight" (1982)
*"The Wind of Change"/"Namibia"(1984) (as "Robert Wyatt with the
*"The Age of Self"/"Raise Your Banners High" (1984)
*"Chairman Mao" (1987)
*"Free Will and Testament"/"The Sight of the Wind" (1997)
*"Heaps of Sheeps"/"A Sunday in Madrid" (1997)
* Drums on most of
Kevin Ayers's " Joy of a Toy" (1969)
* Harmony Vocals on "Whatevershebringswesing" on
Kevin Ayers's " Whatevershebringswesing" (1971)
* Harmony Vocals on "Hymn" on
Kevin Ayers's " Bananamour" (1973)
* Percussion on
Kevin Ayers's " June 1, 1974" (1974)
* 2nd lead vocals on "Calyx" on
Hatfield and the North's "Hatfield and the North" (1974)
* Vocals on
Michael Mantler's "The Happless Child" (1975/76)
* Vocals on two tracks on
Henry Cow's "Concerts" (1976)
* Drums on
Kevin Coyne's "Sanity Stomp" (1980)
* Vocals on
Nick Mason's " Fictitious Sports" (1981)
* Wyatt released an EP entitled "
Summer Into Winter" in collaboration with Ben Watt(1982)
* Vocals on four tracks on
News from Babel's "Letters Home" (1986)
* Vocals on three tracks on
John Greaves's " Songs" (1996)
* Trumpet on one song on
David Gilmour's " On an Island" (2006)
* Wyattron on "Cold Shoulder" on
Kevin Ayers's " The Unfairground" (2007)
* Vocals on "This Summer Night" on
Bertrand Burgalat's " Chéri B.B" (2007) - released in 2008 as a limited edition 12" vinyl single (500 copies only)
* Backing vocals on "I Keep Faith" on
Billy Bragg's " Mr. Love & Justice" (2008)
Everything That Happens Will Happen Today" by David Byrneand Brian Eno(2008)
;Text by Robert Wyatt and illustrations by Jean-Michel Marchetti :
*1997 "MW", Æncrages & Co publishing
*1998 "M2W", Æncrages & Co publishing
*2000 "MW3", Æncrages & Co publishing
*2003 "M4W", Æncrages & Co publishing
*2008 "MBW" (with
Alfreda Benge), Æncrages & Co publishing
;Books about Robert Wyatt
*1994 "Robert Wyatt : Wrong Movements", by Michael King, SAF Publishing (Canada) ISBN-10: 0946719101 ISBN-13: 978-0946719105
* [http://www.strongcomet.com/wyatt/ Robert Wyatt - The Art and Music of Robert Wyatt]
* [http://www.musicomh.com/interviews/robert-wyatt_0907.htm Robert Wyatt interview at musicOMH.com, September 2007]
* [http://www.stopsmilingonline.com/features_detail.html?id1=603 Robert Wyatt interview in "Stop Smiling Magazine", July 2006]
* [http://www.furious.com/PERFECT/wyatt.html Robert Wyatt interview in "Perfect Sound Forever", November 1996]
* [http://www.disco-robertwyatt.com/images/RW_solo Robert Wyatt solo discography]
* [http://www.npg.org.uk/live/search/person.asp?LinkID=mp67839 Robert Wyatt (1945-), Musician] (National Portrait Gallery photograph)
* [http://obscuresound.com/?p=1658 Robert Wyatt on Obscure Sound]
* [http://www.newstatesman.com/music/2008/10/alfie-wyatt-album-rock-song Different every time: Robert Wyatt is one of the most influential musicians of his era. Daniel Trilling visited him at home to talk about his musical tastes, communism and pork sausages]
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