- Hinduism in South Africa
Hinduism in South Africa has a following primarily in
KwaZulu-Natal, due to historical patterns of migration to the region. But now a significant population exists also in Gauteng, especially around Lenasia. Approximately 1.22% or 551,669 of the South African population identifies as Hindu, according to the 2001 census. [cite web
title= South Africa - Section I. Religious Demography
publisher=U.S. Department of State
slaverywas abolished throughout the British Empirein the early 19th century, farmersfound themselves with a shortage of cheap skilled labour. A unique British solution to this problem was to allow indenturedlabourers to move around throughout the Empire, where they were needed. These indentured labourers were mostly made up of marginal farmers. Indentured labourers usually had four year contracts after which they could reside in their adopted country or return to India. Not surprisingly, owing to the prohibitive costs for transport as well as no assurance for the future in their home land, most of them chose to settle, mostly as distinct cultural communities.
Indentured Labourers traveled far and wide, and indeed today many Indians spread out around the world have their connections to India through this system.
Jamaica, Trinidadand Tobago, Mauritiusand Guyanaare all countries with sizable Indian-descent populations.
In South Africa, indentured labourers worked mostly on the
sugar canefarms in Natal. Today, the Kwa-Zulu Natal contains one of the highest Indian populations outside India. (See Asians in South Africa)
More recently, South Africa has seen waves of expatriate Indians settle down there.
1. Shivan Koil (Shiva Mandir), Lenasia (Lands), Johannesburg, South Africa
2. Hindu Temple Complex, (en route to) Springfield Park, Durban, South Africa
3. Shree Siva Subramanium Alayam, 122 Sirdar Road, Clairwood, Durban 4052, South Africa
4. Shree Muruga Alayam, 152 Jacobs Road, Clairwood, Durban 4052, South Africa
5. Melrose Temple, 37 2nd Street, Abbotsford, Johannesburg 2000, South Africa
Thai Poosam Kavadyannual festival
* Detailed population count of Hindus
Bhakti Narasimha Swami
* [http://hinduism.co.za South African site on Hinduism]
* [http://links.jstor.org/sici?sici=0022-4200%281982%2913%3A2%3C139%3AHASAH%3E2.0.CO%3B2-A Homogeneity and South African Hinduism] "Journal of Religion in Africa", Vol. 13, Fasc. 2. (1982), pp. 139-149.
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