- Bart Willoughby
Infobox musical artist
Name = Bart Willoughby
Background = solo_singer
September 12, 1960
Origin = Koonibba Aboriginal Mission
Ceduna, South Australia
Instrument = Drums, Guitar
Genre = Aboriginal rock
Years_active = 1978 +
No Fixed Address
Jimmy Chi& Kuckles
Shane Howard & The Great Heart Band
Bart Willoughby is an
Indigenous Australianmusician, noted for his pioneering fusion of reggaewith Indigenous Australian musical influences, and for his contribution to growth of Indigenous music in Australia.
He was born on 12 September, 1960, a
Pitjantjatjaraman of the Mirning dreaming and his totem is the Great White Shark. He grew up at Koonibba Aboriginal Mission near Ceduna on the South Australian edge of the Nullabor Plainon the Great Australian Bightand at 14 years of age after spending some time in a Boys' facility found his way to the Centre for Aboriginal Studies in Music at the University of Adelaide, where he was introduced to music then drumming, singing and guitar playing.
Willoughby's musical career commenced in 1978 and in this period he developed as a distinctive
Indigenous Australianmusician notable for his pioneering fusion of reggaemusic with Indigenous Australian influences.Willoughby formed his first band, and Australia's first Indigenous rock band, No Fixed Addressin 1978 although in 1978 and 1979 Willoughby played with Broome composer and musician Jimmy Chi's newly formed band Kuckles.
In 1979 No Fixed Address played its first large concert The National Aboriginal Day held at
Taperoo, South Australiaand over the years has played at numerous concerts for Aboriginal causes including Rock Against Racism, The Artists Newsletter Association, Campaign Against Racial Exploitation and the National Aboriginal Country Music Festivals.
In 1982 Willoughby and his band toured Australia in support of
Peter Toshand a documentary of this tour was screened by SBS TV"Peter Tosh in Concert" featuring Willoughby and No Fixed Address and during 1982 Willoughby also played drums with Shane Howardthe The Goanna Band. After the success of the Peter Tosh tour Willoughby and his band became the first Aboriginal band to travel overseas becoming cultural ambassadors for their people while touring Great Britain playing at nine cities including London, Bristol, Leeds, Plymouth and Manchester. They played at "The Elephant Fayre" rock festival [ [http://www.ukrockfestivals.com/elephant-fayre-1984.html|The Elephant Fayre 27/28 July 1984] ] and appeared at a concert for striking miners. A documentary of this tour "No Fixed Address in London" was produced and screened on SBS TV.
Returning to Australia Willoughby joined his cousin,
Bunna Lawrie, and his newly formed band Coloured Stoneplaying with this group in 1984 and 1985 and on its Scottish tour where they appeared with k.d. langat the 1986 Edinburgh Festivalthen returning to Australia where the band was awarded Best Indigenous Album at the 1986 Australian Music Awards for "Human Love". [ [http://www.vibe.com.au/vibe/corporate/celebrity_vibe/showceleb.asp?id=11 VIBE Australia - Coloured Stone] ]
Willoughby reformed No Fixed Address in 1987 and in 1988 the band toured Europe, including
Eastern Bloccountries where Willoughby made his wry comment about "being hungry in Hungary" while appearing at the 1987 East Berlin Music Festival.
Late in 1988 Willoughby was asked to join the newly formed
Yothu Yindias drummer on their "Diesel & Dust" tour, visiting 73 cities throughout the USA on what Willoughby thought was a very strenuous tour. In 1989 Willoughby left Yothu Yindi to form a new band Mixed Relations, a band he still leads today, although at times he has reformed No Fixed Address. From its inception, Mixed Relations toured extensively throughout the Aboriginal communities, Australian cities, Pacific Islands, New Zealand and Hawaii, and Mixed Relations was chosen as the closing act for the 1989 inaugural Invasion (aka Survival) Day Concerts at La Perouse, Sydney and then every Invasion Day concert until its final date at La Perouse in 1994.
Following work in
Alice Springs, Northern Territoryand Surfers Paradise, Queenslandon the film "Until the End of the World", Willoughby was invited to tour Australia with Shane Howard and The Big Heart Bandbefore returning to his work with Mixed Relations opening the inaugural 1991 Stompen' Ground Concert in Broome, Western Australia and representing Australia at the 1990 and 1992 South Pacific Music Festival and the 1990 and 1992 Asian Music Festival. All of these festivals have been documented by ABC Televisionand SBS TV and screened by these stations in the year that the festivals were held and have had repeat screenings over the years.
In 1993, International Year of Indigenous People, Willoughby and Mixed Relations were invited to attend the
Los Angeles Indigenous Arts Festival, the London Indigenous FestivalEngland and the Wanchai Music Festival, Hong Kong.
Film and Television
In 1980 Willoughby starred with another indigenous band
Us Mobin non indigenous director Ned Lander's movie about Aboriginal musicians " Wrong Side of the Road". This film was a semi biographical drama concerning the racism levelled against Aboriginal musicians trying to get gigs in country pubs and won the Australian Film Commission funded Australian Film Institute's (AFI) 1981 Jury Awardfor its director Lander.
After his 1988 European tour Willoughby directed, composed and recorded the music track using his band for "
Always Was - Always Will Be", produced, directed and written by Indigenous filmmaker Madelaine McGradyand screened on SBS TV in the same year.
"Into the Mainstream"(1989) directed by Ned Lander and covering the 1988 Yothu Yindi Deisel & Dust Tour screened on SBS-TV and also screened internationally through its distributor Ronin Films.
In 1990 Willoughby was cast as "Ned the Computer Expert" in German director
Wim Wenders' " Until the End of the World" starring William Hurt, Sam Neilland Indigenous actor Ernie Dingoas well as Aboriginal icons actor David Gulpililand Aboriginal Australia's first gold record singer and Yorta Yorta elder, Jimmy Little.
In 1992 Willoughby was invited by Australia's first Indigenous feature film director
Brian Syronto become the first Aboriginal to compose, play and direct the music track of a feature film " Jindalee Lady". The film was invited to the International First Nations Art and Film Festival, "Dreamspeakers", in Edmonton, Canada in 1992 where it was acknowledge as the first feature film to be directed by a First Nation's director, Syron, and to have a music track composed and directed by a First Nations composer, Willoughby.
Following this festival both Syron and Willoughby were invited to attend the 1992
Hawaii International Film Festivalwhere "Jindalee Lady" was nominated for the East West Award - Best Feature Filmand in 1993 "Jindalee Lady" was then invited to screen at the Tinker Theatre, Woodstock, New Yorkas part of the Woodstock Tribute to the International Year of Indigenous People.
In 1994 Willoughby with his eldest son
Woonun Willoughbyappeared in the docudrama "La Perouse" for the Museum of Sydney & Historic Houses Trust of New South Wales directed by Michael Rileyand narrated by Justine Saunders AM
Willoughby has made many appearances on ABC Television, Channel 9, SBS TV, Channel 10 and Channel 7.
During 1995 Willoughby took time out to work with his Pitjantjantjara community as Music Instructor to secondary school students at
Yalata AnanguSchool, Yalata, South Australiawhere he taught drums, guitar and songwriting.
Willoughby received the
1993 Inaugural Indigenous ARIA Australian Music Lifetime Achievement Awardfor his Outstanding Contribution to Indigenous Music in Australia. The award was presented by Will Smithand screened on Channel 10. Sol Bellear, Commissioner of the Aboriginal Torres Strait Islander Commission(ATSIC - Acting) in presenting the award to Willoughby said :
"Indigenous music has certainly come a long way in recent times. From 10 years ago out back of Australia, in outback hotels to internationally through Yothu Yindi, through Kev Carmody, through
Archie Roachand many, many more. Let me tll you that the recipient of this very first Indigenous trophy has stood out clearly as an innovator for those people. He notched up a list of firsts that paved the way for a lot of Indigenous artists. He was the first to perform on Countdown, his was the first Aboriginal band to make a documentary, the first Aboriginal band to sign a record deal and the first, the very first, to tour overseas and Willoughby was the first, the very first to score, play and direct the music track of a feature film itself the first to be directed by an indigenous director. Bart's contribution to Aboriginal music in Australia is prodigious in book, film and record." Bellear, Channel 10,
In 1997 Willoughby was selected and represented at
Nygaramang Bayumian exhibition about Indigenous Australian music and Dance at the Powerhouse Museum, Darling Harbour, Sydney.
He was nominated for
1998 APRA (Australian Performing Rights Association) Best Indigenous Albumfor "Pathways"
In 2004, 2005, 2006 he was nominated for the
Jimmy Little Lifetime Achievement Awardat the Indigenous Deadly's for his contribution to Indigenous music in Australia. Bart Willoughby is regarded as one of Australia's leading Aboriginal rock composers and performers and is widely known, loved and respected by Aboriginals for his work which includes Aboriginal classics such as "We Have Survived", "Aboriginal Woman"and "My Father is an Aboriginal Man".
Australian Music Awardfor Best Indigenous Album- Coloured Stone - "Human Love".
Indigenous ARIA Australian Music AwardBart Willoughby for Outstanding Contribution to Indigenous Music in Australia.
APRA (Australian Performing Rights Association)Best Indigenous Album for "Pathways".
*2004, 2005, 2006
The Deadly's - Jimmy Little Lifetime Achievement Awardfor Willoughby's contribution to Indigenous music in Australia.
Film Sound Tracks
Special Treatment - Locking up Aboriginal Children, Dir. Margaret Smith, Music Bart Willoughby - documentary
Always Was, Always Will Be, Producer Australian Broadcasting Commission ABC-TV, Music Bart Willoughby - documentary
'Jindalee Lady(1992) Dir. Brian Syron, Music Bart Willoughby - feature film
Records / Cassettes / CDs
Wrong Side of the Road, film sound track, EMI
Rock Against Racism, Vol. 1, Sound track from concert - ABC Records
National Aboriginal Music Festival, Sound Track from concert - ABC Records
Stompem' GroundABC Records
From My EyesEMI
Take It or Leave It, Polygram
Aboriginal Woman. Polygram
Jindalee Lady, Donobri International
* [http://www.vibe.com.au/vibe/corporate/celebrity_vibe/showceleb.asp?id=6 VIBE Australia biography]
* [http://bartwilloughby.blogspot.com/ Bart Willoughby's blog]
* [http://www.imdb.com/name/nm0932574/ IMDB listing]
*Media Ethics, An Aboriginal Film and the Australian Film Commission, Thomas G. Donovan / Brody T. Lorraine, ISBN 0-696-25266-4
*Kicking Down the Doors, A History of Indigenous Filmmakers from 1968 - 1993, Brian Syron / briann kearney, ISBN 0 646 26594 6
*Our Place, Our Music, ed. Marcus Breen, ISBN 0 85575 197 5
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.