Aleksandrów Łódzki

Aleksandrów Łódzki

Infobox Settlement
name = Aleksandrów Łódzki

imagesize = 250px
image_caption = Weaver houses from 19th century

image_shield = POL Aleksandrów Łódzki COA.svg

pushpin_label_position = bottom
subdivision_type = Country
subdivision_name = POL
subdivision_type1 = Voivodeship
subdivision_name1 = Łódź
subdivision_type2 = County
subdivision_name2 = Zgierz
subdivision_type3 = Gmina
subdivision_name3 = Aleksandrów Łódzki
leader_title = Mayor
leader_name = Jacek Lipiński
established_title = Established
established_date = 19th century
established_title3 = Town rights
established_date3 = 1822
area_total_km2 = 13.47
population_as_of = 2006
population_total = 20512
population_density_km2 = auto
timezone = CET
utc_offset = +1
timezone_DST = CEST
utc_offset_DST = +2
latd = 51 | latm = 49 | lats = | latNS = N | longd = 19 | longm = 18 | longs = | longEW = E
elevation_m = 206
postal_code_type = Postal code
postal_code = 95-069 to 95-070
area_code = +48 42
blank_name = Car plates
blank_info = EZG
website =
Aleksandrów Łódzki [IPA-pl|a|l|e|k|'|s|a|n|d|r|u|f|-|'|ł|u|c|k|i] ( agglomeration. According to data gathered on 31 December 2004, the town had a population of 20 342.


The village was founded in 1816 by Rafał Bratoszewski. In 1820 Rajmund Rembieliński called Aleksandrów "one of the better towns in Poland". Bernard von Schuttenbach was the author of the town planning project. In order to gain sympathy of the government, Bratoszewski called the town after the then ruling Russian Emperor Alexander I Romanov. This resulted in Aleksandrów gaining the city rights in 1822. After the Bratoszewski' s death in 1824 the Kossowski family took over the town. After 1832 the town started to fall into decline economically overwhelmed by the nearby towns of Pabianice, Zgierz and Łódź.

In the late 19th century and early 20th century, a lot of knitting companies were founded in Aleksandrów, therefore it is called the cradle of polish stocking industry and also gained a nickname "Sock-city" among the citizens. This trade is still the dominating one as for today.

In 1910 the town gained a tram connection with Łódź, which was discontinued in 1991.

From the beginning Aleksandrów was a town of three cultures and three religions. There were Protestant descendants of German knitters, Jews that were into trade and, of course, catholic Poles that mainly worked as craftsmen and workers in factories. Until 1945 the richest and most numerous ethnic group were Germans. For the Jews Aleksandrów was an important religious centre - the seat of Hasidic Tzadikim of the Alexander dynasty founded by Rabbi Yechiel Dancyger (1828-1894). It was also the location where Rabbi Chanokh Heynekh HaKohen Levin, the second Rebbe of the Ger Hasidim held court until his death in Aleksandrów in 1870.

In 1869 Aleksandrów lost its city rights for over 60 years. The rights were regained in 1924. Currently it is a headquarters of an Aleksandrów Łódzki commune.

On the 17-18 of September 2006 the First International Convention of Aleksandrów citizens will be held.


*c.a. 6500 b.c. - oldest trails of men - settlement of ancient hunters on dunes near the Rąbień reserve
*XI - XII century – first villages founded on the current area of Aleksandrów Łódzki commune: Rąbień, Bełdów, Brużyca Wielka, Prawęcice and Zgniłe Błoto.
*XIV -XV century - more villages and Church of All Saints in Bełdów founded
*1782 – first German settlers arrive in Brużyca Wielka, many colonies founded
*c.a 1816 – owner of Brużyca Wielka – Polish nobleman Rafał Bratoszewski coat of arms Sulima founded a new city settlement on a sandy and foresty hill – this is the future Aleksandrów. Rectangular marketplace was made along with few streets. Squire Bratoszewski founded the catholic parish of St. Rafael and Michael.
*22 March 1822 – new settlement gained city rights and was named Aleksandrów to the name of then-rulling tzar of Russia and king of Poland – Alexander I of Russia. Aleksandrów had then 3 086 citizens, majority of them were weavers.
*1824 - classicistic town hall built during the Gedeon Goedel's mayor term
*6 December 1824 - founder of Aleksandrów Rafał Bratoszewski died and was buried in the local church. Aleksandrów became the property of Kossowski coat of arms Dołęga family.
*1825 – city as an example of perfect weaver center was visited by tzar of Russia and king of Poland Alexander I of Russia
*1828 - huge evangelic church built, Fryderyk Jerzy Tuve became the first pastor
*1830-1831 – citizens along with Gedeon Goedel supported the november uprising by sending uniforms, squad and a doctor to Warsaw.
*25 October 1833 - Izrael Poznański is born in Aleksandrów
*1858-1860 - new road leading to Łódź via the new suburbs Bałuty built.
*1863-1864 - January uprising – few citizens took part in fighting and the city was taken twice by the uprising soldiers
*1866 - Chanoch Henich ha-Kohen Lewin settled down in Aleksandrów. Since then the town became a major Jewish religious centre.
*1869 - Aleksandrów loses its city rights.
*1888 - first mechanical stocking factory built by Roman Paschke.
*1903 - Voluntary Fire Brigade and "Lutnia" singer association formed.
*1905 - strikes of workers and teachers against russification.
*1910 - electric tram line connects Aleksandrów with Łódź.
*11 November 1918 - group of firefighters disarms German military outpost. Beginnings of independence of Poland.
*1924 - Aleksandrów regaines city rights and it is now called Łódzki.
*1927 - new school opened at Bankowa street.
*7 September 1939 - German troops enter the city
*14 September 1939 - 5 Poles and 26 Jews executed by German soldiers
*9 November 1939 - Aleksandrów together with Łódź annexed to the 3rd Reich. Synagogue along with monuments of Kościuszko and Piłsudski destroyed, polish and Jewish schools closed.
*27 December 1939 - Jews moved to General Government where most of them died in German concentration camps.
*1943 - Aleksandrów renamed to Wirkheim (Home of the weavers)
*17 January 1945 - Aleksandrów liberated by soviet tank squads
*24 January 1945 - Józef Janiak became the first post war mayor of Aleksandrów.
*16 February 1945 - first high school opened - State Coeaducational Gymnasium. Currently the Mikołaj Kopernik High School.
*1945-1947 - Germans forcibly moved to Germany. For the first time in its history Aleksandrów becomes solely polish city.
*1951-1953 - Airport built.
*1959 - Primary school no. 4 opened
* 70's and 80's - Bratoszewskiego, Sikorskiego and Słoneczne estates built in eastern parts of the city.
*1974 - youth community center opened.
*1979 - Friends of Aleksandrów Association founded.
*1983 - first Days of Aleksandrów held.
*27 May 1990 - first free elections to city council won by Aleksandrowska Akcja Społeczna. Krzysztof Czajkowski becomes the mayor.
*8 December 1991 - local newspaper "Czterdzieści i cztery" issues its first edition
*1991-1995 - tram connection to Łódź discontinued. Currently the cities are connected by a bus line no. 78.
*1999 - Aleksandrów Association of Enterpreneurs 2000 founded
*27 October 2000 - local elections won by Platforma Obywatelska. Jacek Lipiński becomes the mayor.
*2006 - again elections won by Platforma Obywatelska. Jacek Lipiński elected for his second term.


Currently there are 2.623 registered companies in Aleksandrów.

* Textile industry - 38%
* Trade - 24%
* Vehicle mechanics and transport - 5%
* Other


The most important and oldest monuments of Aleksandrów are:

* St. Rafael and Michael catholic church - built in 1816–1818, rebuilt three times (1922-1926 - two aisles added; 1933-1935 - two towers added; 1993 - added a second nave with its own altar] . Under the church, lies buried Rafał Bratoszewski - founder of Aleksandrów.

*Evangelic church - built in 1828 by pastor Fryderyk Jerzy Tuve, never modified. Unfortunatelly currently it is in very bad condition, but renovation is imminent.
*The City Shops "Jatki" - rebuilt in 1998, formerly place for butchers and bakers to sell their goods; now part of the Town Hall
*The Town Hall - built in 1824. Still serves its function today.
*The library - originally the house of pastor built in 1848
*The oldest grave - dated back from 1830, the place of eternal rest for Fryderyk Jerzy Tuve. There is also a Jewish cemetery in the northern part of the town with graves of Hasidic Tzadiks
*The city park - an English-styled garden founded by Rafał Bratoszewski in 1824
*Weaver houses - long wooden houses of the first settlers from the first half of XIX century

Other monuments worth of mentioning are:

*Albert Stiller's factory and villa - built in 1908, one of the most modern factories of its times along with a stylish villa
*Dormitory of Nicolaus Copernicus High School, former mansion of Hasidic Tzadiks from Danziger dynasty, built in 1935


* Towarzystwo Sportowe Sokół-Syguła Aleksandrów Łódzki. Founded in 1998. Currently there are soccer and traditional karate sections. Stanisław Syguła is the chairman and main sponsor of the club.
* MULKS Aleksandrów - established in 2004 - youth soccer
* MKS Aleksandrów - track and field athletics
* UKS Jedynka - volleyball

Sport events

* Józef Jaworski track and field memorial - held annually since 1983

Local media

* "40 i cztery" (title is a reference to the tram line number 44 that connected Aleksandrów with Łódź) monthly builetin issued by the local commune. It appears since 8 December 1991 formerly as a biweekly. Current editor-in-chief - Dorota Bełdowska-Zemła
* "Alternatywy 44" monthly builetin issued by the Aleksandrów Association of Enterpreneurs 2000. Current editor-in-chief - Tomasz Dominowski.
* "Wiadomości aleksandrowskie" builetin of St. by Rafael and Michael parish initiated by Rev. dr Norbert Rucki
* "Aleksandrów wczoraj i dziś" "Aleksandrów yesterday and today" A yearly publication appearing since 1983 on behalf of "Friends of Aleksandrów Association". Current editor-in-chief - Zenon Kozanecki.
* "Gazeta Matusiaka" - Independent newspaper issued by Grzegorz Matusiak in 1992–2004. Currently discontinued.

External links

* [ Articles on history of Aleksandrów]
* [ Tourism in Aleksandrów]
* [ Aleksandrów Łódzki Yizkor (Holocaust Memorial) Book] (Yiddish and Hebrew)


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Поможем решить контрольную работу

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Aleksandrów Łódzki — Aleksandrów Łódzki …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Aleksandrow Łodzki — Aleksandrów Łódzki Aleksandrów Łódzki       …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Aleksandrów Łódzki — Héraldique …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Gmina Aleksandrów Łódzki — Infobox Settlement name = Gmina Aleksandrów Łódzki other name = Aleksandrów Łódzki Commune settlement type = Gmina total type = Total image shield = POL Aleksandrów Łódzki COA.svg subdivision type = Country subdivision name = POL subdivision… …   Wikipedia

  • Antoniew, Gmina Aleksandrów Łódzki — Infobox Settlement name = Antoniew settlement type = Village total type = image shield = subdivision type = Country subdivision name = POL subdivision type1 = Voivodeship subdivision name1 = Łódź subdivision type2 = County subdivision name2 =… …   Wikipedia

  • Aleksandrow Lodzki — Aleksandrów Łódzki …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Aleksandrow Lodzki — Aleksandrów Łódzki Aleksandrów Łódzki       …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Aleksandrów — may refer to the following places in Poland: * Aleksandrów County in Kuyavian Pomeranian Voivodeship (north central Poland) * Aleksandrów Kujawski, town, the seat of Aleskandrów County * Aleksandrów Łódzki, town in Łódź Voivodeship (central… …   Wikipedia

  • Aleksandrow — Aleksandrów ist der Name folgender Orte in Polen: Aleksandrów Kujawski, eine Stadt im Powiat Aleksandrowski, Woiwodschaft Kujawien Pommern Aleksandrów Łódzki, eine Stadt im Powiat Zgierski, Woiwodschaft Łódź Aleksandrów (Lublin), eine Gemeinde im …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Aleksandrów — ist der Name folgender Orte in Polen: Aleksandrów Kujawski, eine Stadt im Powiat Aleksandrowski, Woiwodschaft Kujawien Pommern Aleksandrów Łódzki, eine Stadt im Powiat Zgierski, Woiwodschaft Łódź Aleksandrów (Lublin), eine Gemeinde im Powiat… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”