February 14— Pope Benedict VIIIrecognizes and crowns Henry of Bavaria (who has ruled since 1003) as King of Germany.
April 23: Battle of Clontarf: Gaelic Irish forces under Brian Borudefeat several allied Vikingforces in Ireland, ending their power there but losing Brian in the battle.
July 29— Battle of Kleidion: Basil IIinflicts not only a decisive defeat on the Bulgarian army, but his subsequent savage treatment of 15,000 prisoners reportedly causes Tsar Samuil of Bulgariato die of shock, and earns Basil II the title 'Voulgaroktonos' (Bulgar-slayer).
* Following the death of Sweyn I,
Ethelred IIreturns to Englandand retakes the English crown.
Canute the Greatreturns to Denmark.
Holmgangis declared illegal in Norway.
Kashmir, Abhinavagupta, the teacher of the poet Ksemendra, circulates his Greater commentary on the "Pratyabhijna Darshana".
Hammad ibn Bulugginrecognises the AbbasidCaliphate, beginning the split of the Hammadidsfrom the Zirids.
* The Nicene-Constantinopolitan Symbol of the Faith is used for the first time during the Roman Mass after Henry II, the newly crowned
Holy Roman Emperor, asks the Popeto add it together with the filioque clause. Prior to this date, the Creed was not used at all during the liturgy.
* In England, Archbishop Wulfstan preaches his Latin homily, "Wulf's Address to the English".
Abū 'Ubayd 'Abd Allāh al-Bakrī, (d. 1094)
* Princess Constance of
France, daughter of Robert II the Pious
February 3— Sweyn I Haraldsson Forkbeard, king of Denmark
April 23— Brian Boru, high king of Ireland
October 6— Tsar Samuil of Bulgaria
* Sigurd the Stout, Viking earl in the Orkneys
* King Sri
Raja Raja Chola I, of the Chola Empire of southern India and great temple builder of the Chola dynasty
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