- Hugh Kenner
Hugh Kenner (
January 7, 1923– November 24, 2003), was a Canadian literary scholar, criticand professor.
Kenner was born in
Peterborough, Ontarioon January 7, 1923; his father taught classics. Kenner attributed his interest in literatureto his poor hearing, caused by a bout of influenzaduring his childhood.
University of Toronto, Kenner studied under Marshall McLuhan, who wrote the introduction to Kenner's first book " Paradoxin Chesterton". Kenner's second book, "The Poetry of Ezra Pound" (1951) was dedicated to McLuhan, who had introduced Kenner to Pound on June 4, 1948, during Pound's incarcerationat St. Elizabeths Hospital, Washington, D.C., where Kenner and McLuhan had driven as a detour from their trip from Torontoto New Haven, Connecticut. (Pound, who became a friend of Kenner's, had suggested the book be titled "The Rose in the Steel Dust".) Later, Kenner had said of McLuhan, "I had the advantage of being exposed to Marshall when he was at his most creative, and then of getting to the far end of the continent shortly afterward, when he couldn't get me on the phone all the time. He could be awfully controlling."
In 1950, Kenner earned a
Ph.D.from Yale University, with a dissertationon James Joyce, "James Joyce: Critique in Progress", for Cleanth Brooks. This became "Dublin's Joyce" in 1956.
"The Pound Era", the product of years of scholarship and considered by many to be Kenner's masterpiece, was published in 1971. This work was responsible for enshrining Pound's reputation (damaged by his wartime activities) as one of the greatest Modernists.
His first teaching post was at the
University of California, Santa Barbara(1951 to 1973); he then taught at Johns Hopkins University(from 1973 to 1990) and the University of Georgia(from 1990 to 1999).
Kenner was married twice: his first wife, Mary Waite, died in 1964; the couple had three daughters and two sons. His second wife, whom he married in 1965, was Mary-Anne Bittner; they had a son and a daughter. Hugh Kenner died on
November 24, 2003.
* "Paradox in Chesterton" (1947)
* "The Poetry of Ezra Pound" (New Directions, 1951)
Wyndham Lewis: A Critical Guidebook" (1954)
* "Dublin's Joyce" (Indiana University Press, 1956; rpt., Columbia University Press, 1987)
* "Gnomon: Essays in Contemporary Literature" (1959)
* "The Art of Poetry" (1959)
* "The Invisible Poet:
T. S. Eliot" (1959; rev. ed, 1969)
Samuel Beckett: A Critical Study" (Grove Press, 1961; rev. ed., 1968)
* "T. S. Eliot: A Collection of Critical Essays" (editor) (Prentice-Hall, 1962)
* "The Stoic Comedians:
Flaubert, Joyce, and Beckett" (1962) (illustrated by Guy Davenport)
* "Seventeenth Century Poetry: The Schools of
Donne& Jonson" (editor) (1964)
* "Studies in Change: A Book of the Short Story" (editor) (1965)
* "The Counterfeiters: An Historical Comedy" (Indiana University Press, 1968; The Johns Hopkins University Press, 1985) (illustrated by Guy Davenport)
* "The Pound Era" (University of California Press, 1971)
* "Bucky: A Guided Tour of
Buckminster Fuller" (William Morrow, 1973)
* "A Reader's Guide to Samuel Beckett" (Farrar, Straus & Giroux, 1973)
* "A Homemade World: The American Modernist Writers" (Alfred A. Knopf, 1975)
GeodesicMath and How to Use It" (1976)
* "Joyce's Voices" (University of California Press, 1978)
* "Ulysses" (George Allen & Unwin, 1980; rev. ed., The Johns Hopkins University Press, 1987)
* "The Mechanic Muse" (Oxford University Press, 1987)
* "A Colder Eye: The Modern Irish Writers" (Alfred A. Knopf, 1983)
* "A Sinking Island: The Modern English Writers" (1988)
* "Mazes: Essays" (North Point Press, 1989)
* "Historical Fictions: Essays" (University of Georgia Press, 1995)
Chuck Jones: A Flurry of Drawings" (1994)
* "The Elsewhere Community" (2000)
* [http://www.hughkenner.org Hughkenner.org - an Elsewhere Community Online.]
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