- Aleksandra Pakhmutova
Aleksandra "Alya" Nikolayevna Pakhmutova ( _ru. Александра Николаевна Пахмутова; born
November 9 1929) has remained one of the best known figures in Soviet and later Russian popular musicsince she first achieved fame in her homeland in the 1960s.
She was born on
November 9 1929near Stalingrad(now Volgograd) in the former Soviet Unionand began playing the pianoand composing music at an early age. She was admitted to the prestigious Moscow Conservatoryand graduated in 1953. In 1956 she completed a post-graduate course led by the outstanding composer Vissarion Shebalin.
Her career is notable for her success in a range of different genres. She has composed pieces for the
symphony orchestra(The Russian Suite, the concerto for the trumpetand the orchestra, the Youth Overture, the concerto for the orchestra); the ballet Illumination; music for children (cantatas, a series of choir pieces, and numerous songs); and songs and music for over a dozen different movies from "Out of This World" in 1958 to "Because of Mama" in 2001.
She is best known for some of her 400 songs, including such enduringly popular songs as "The Melody", "Tenderness", "Hope", "The Old Maple Tree", "The Song of the Perturbed Youth", a series of the "Gagarin Constellation", and "Good-Bye Moscow" which was used as the farewell tune of the 22nd
Olympic Gamesin Moscowin 1980. "Tenderness" was used with great effect in Tatiana Lioznova's 1967 film "Three Poplars on Plutschikha". Her husband, the eminent Soviet era poet Nikolai Dobronravov, contributed lyrics to her music on occasion, including songs used in three films.
One of her most famous ballads is "Pushcha", composed in 1975, which celebrates Bialowieza Primaeval Forest, a last remnant of the European wildwood split now between
Polandand Belarus. Another much-aired song was " Malaya Zemlya", about a minor outpost where the Soviet leader Leonid Brezhnevserved as a political commissarduring the World War II.
Alexandra Pakhmutova found favour with the state establishment as well as the public. Reputedly Brezhnev's favourite composer, she received several Government Awards and State Prizes and served as the Secretary of the USSR and Russian Unions of Composers. She was named
Hero of Socialist Laborin 1990. Her name was given to Asteroid# 1889, registered by the planetary center in Cincinnati, Ohio, United States.
External links and references
* [http://www.pakhmutova.ru/ Official website]
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