Dublin 4

Dublin 4

Dublin 4 is a postal district of Dublin, Ireland including the suburbs of Sandymount, Ballsbridge, Donnybrook, Ringsend and Irishtown on the South side of Dublin.

The headquarters of the national broadcaster RTÉ, the RDS, Merrion Centre, University College Dublin, Aviva Stadium, Google and a number of foreign embassies to Ireland are all located in Dublin 4. The Dublin 4 area is fixed by the Irish postal authorities.


Popular culture

'Dublin 4' or its abbreviation, 'D4', is sometimes used as a pejorative adjective to describe an Irish upper class and upper-middle class attitude, based on the perceived opinions and characteristics of some residents of this area. In this sense it is sometimes contrasted with "the plain people of Ireland" by Irish commentators such as Desmond Fennell.[1][2]

During the 1990s, the term changed to refer more to the alleged wealth and posh life-style of residents.[2] The fictional jock Ross O'Carroll-Kelly was meant as a caricature of this.

The term has been used to describe very aspirational middle-class people from south Dublin and also used by Fianna Fáil members who like to portray themselves as being on the side of "the plain people of Ireland".[3]


A change in accent occurred between those born roughly before 1970 and those born in the early 1970s or later.[4]

In the early 1980s, a group of people[who?] in Dublin 4 developed a different accent, partly in rejection of older views of Irishness.[5] The accent was known as "Dublin 4", "Dartspeak" or later "DORTspeak" (after the Dublin 4 pronunciation of DART, which runs through the area).[5] The accent quickly became the subject of ridicule.[5]


Two examples of "Dublin 4" being used to refer to alleged wealth:

The area desperately needs the retention of this kind of local community hospital. It covers Dublin 2, 4 and 6 and, because of the writings of a journalist who hails from the west but has chosen to live in Dublin, the connotation Dublin 4 has a very salubrious image which suggests considerable affluence. The reality is that many of the population in the catchment area of this hospital are not affluent.

Ruairi Quinn, Dáil Éireann Debate, 21 May 1987

The Minister is probably aware that, not far from here, is the mythical place called Dublin 4. In our vision of Dublin 4 we think of Shrewsbury Road, Donnybrook and people who have access to power and money. As Eoghan Harris said, it is almost a state of mind. However, there is another part of Dublin 4, which I know very well, where there is 70 per cent unemployment, drug problems and deprivation. We do not hear much about that part of Dublin 4.

Mr. Gormley, Dáil Éireann Debate, 28 January 1999[6]

Sometimes the antonym plain people of Ireland or plain people was contrasted with it:

One of the difficulties with modern newspapers is that there is an increasing tendency to portray opinions as facts. This is particularly evident in the Sunday Independent. If one tries to find news in it, apart from the lead story which itself is sometimes not news, one finds a preponderance of articles from self-proclaimed experts who tend to be from middle class backgrounds — dare I say Dublin 4 types, which is a state of mind rather than a geographic location. These articles tend to reflect the attitudes of a particular section of society and regard those attitudes as dominant. There does not appear to be a balance in the attitudes represented by the newspaper. However, the plain people have enough sense to sift out what is good and what is bad. Frequently, the attitudes represented by the newspaper do not reflect the attitudes dominant within the country as a whole, but thankfully, the plain people have enough good sense to resist them.

Former Senator John Dardis, Seanad Éireann Debate, 9 February 2005[7]

See also


  1. ^ See Fennell, Nice People and Rednecks:Ireland in the 1980s (Gill & MacMillian, 1986) and Stephen Howe, Ireland and Empire (Oxford, 2002) pgs. 77 and 120.
  2. ^ a b How Dublin 4 turned into Dublin forlorn, By Kim Bielenberg, Sunday Independent, 8 August 2009, retrieved 17 December 2009
  3. ^ Dublin, Siobhán Marie Kilfether, Oxford University Press, pp.21–22
  4. ^ Dublin English, Raymond Hickey, John Benjamins Publishing Company, p. 45
  5. ^ a b c Dublin English, Raymond Hickey, John Benjamins Publishing Company, p. 47
  6. ^ John Gormley, speaking in Dáil Éireann, 28 January 1999
  7. ^ Senator John Dardis, speaking in Seanad Éireann, 9 February 2005

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Поможем написать курсовую

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Dublin — Dublin …   Deutsch Wörterbuch

  • Dublin — Baile Átha Cliath Koordinaten …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Dublín — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Baile Átha Cliath Dublín Escudo …   Wikipedia Español

  • Dublin — Dublin, CA U.S. city in California Population (2000): 29973 Housing Units (2000): 9872 Land area (2000): 12.586761 sq. miles (32.599560 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.007641 sq. miles (0.019791 sq. km) Total area (2000): 12.594402 sq. miles… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Dublin [2] — Dublin, Hauptstadt von Irland, municipal borough und besondere Grafschaft, liegt unter 53°23´13´´ nördl. Br. und 6°20´25´´ westl. L. v. Gr. (Sternwarte) an der Mündung des Liffey in die Bai von D. (s. das Lagekärtchen, S. 240) und am Endpunkte… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • DUBLIN — DUBLI Principale ville, premier port et capitale de la république d’Irlande (477 675 hab. en 1991). En 1921, lors de la proclamation de la république, elle a repris officiellement son nom gaélique, Baile Átha Cliath. Dublin est située sur la côte …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Dublín — (en gaélico Baile Átha Cliath, en inglés Dublin) es la capital de la República de Irlanda, situada cerca del centro de la costa este de la isla, en la desembocadura del río Liffey (condado de Dublín). El nombre Dublín deriva del gaélico Dubh Linn …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • DUBLIN — DUBLIN, capital of the Republic of Ireland. A small Jewish group apparently lived there in the Middle Ages since the Exchequer   of the Jews at Westminster had an Irish branch. In the middle of the 17th century, some Spanish and Portuguese… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • dublin — DUBLÍN s.n. (mar.) Mod de legare a unei nave la ţărm sau de o geamandură, astfel încât dezlegarea să se poată face fără a coborî de pe punte. [< engl. dublin]. Trimis de LauraGellner, 25.02.2005. Sursa: DN  DUBLÍN s. n. (mar.) mod de legare a …   Dicționar Român

  • Dublin, CA — U.S. city in California Population (2000): 29973 Housing Units (2000): 9872 Land area (2000): 12.586761 sq. miles (32.599560 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.007641 sq. miles (0.019791 sq. km) Total area (2000): 12.594402 sq. miles (32.619351 sq. km) …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”