- Ronald Breslow
name = Ronald Breslow
birth_date = birth date|1931|3|14
Rahway, New Jersey
Robert Burns Woodward
Ronald C. D. Breslow (born
14 March 1931, Rahway, New Jersey) is an American chemist. He is currently University Professor at Columbia University, where he is based in the Department of Chemistry and affiliated with the Departments of Biological Sciences and Pharmacology; he has also been on the faculty of its Department of Chemical Engineering. He has taught at Columbia since 1956 and is a former chair of the university's chemistry department.
He is interested in the design and synthesis of new molecules with interesting properties, and the study of these properties. Examples include the cyclopropenyl
cation, the simplest aromatic system and the first aromatic compound prepared with other than six electronsin a ring. His seminal contributions concerning the mechanism of the Vitamin B1 catalyzed benzoin condensation and the rate enhancement gained by performing organic transformations on water, among many others, sparked new avenues of chemical research.
Breslow earned his B.A., M.A. and Ph.D. from
Harvard University, where his doctoral advisor was R. B. Woodward. Among Breslow's former Ph.D. students is Robert Grubbs, who won the Nobel Prizein Chemistry in 2005.
Breslow has received many honors and awards, including the
National Medal of Science, the Welch Award, the Arthur C. Cope Award, the National Academy of Sciences Award in Chemical Sciences, the American Chemical Society Award in Pure Chemistry and the Priestley Medal. In recognition of his classroom skills, Columbia has awarded him both its Mark Van Doren Award and its Great Teacher Award. He served as president of the ACS in 1996 and chaired the chemistry division of the National Academy of Sciences from 1974 to 1977. In 1997 he was named one of the top 75 contributors to the chemical enterprise of the past 75 years by Chemical & Engineering News. The Ronald Breslow Award for Achievement in Biomimetic Chemistry, awarded annually by the ACS, is named in his honor.
He is a member of the National Academy of Sciences, the
American Academy of Arts and Sciences, the European Academy of Science, and the American Philosophical Society. He is also a foreign member of the Royal Societyand an honorary member of many other scientific bodies around the world.
* [http://www.columbia.edu/cu/chemistry/breslow/boss.html Official biography]
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