- Jewry Wall
The Jewry Wall in
Leicester, Englandis the remaining wall of the public baths of Roman Leicesteralong with foundations of the baths, which are laid out in front of the wall. It is quite large and impressive.
The wall is nearly 2000 years old, and is a rare example of Roman walling. It is the second largest piece of surviving civil Roman building in Britain (the largest being the 'great work' at Wroxeter, also part of a municipal baths complex). The Jewry Wall would have been the wall separating the gymnasium from the cold room.
The name of the wall does not relate to Leicester's
Jewishcommunity, which was expelled from the city in mediaevaltimes. It is thought most likely that the name bears some relation to the 24 jurats of Saxon Leicester, the senior members of the Corporation of Leicester, who were said to meet in the town churchyard - possibly that of St. Nicholas, just next to the baths and largely made out of Roman building rubble, or in the area between it and the back of the wall.
The remains of the baths were excavated in the 1930s by Dame
Kathleen Kenyonand date from approximately 160 AD. The wall and baths are adjoined by the Jewry Wall Museum, which contains excellent local examples of Roman mosaics and wall plaster.
* [http://www.24hourmuseum.org.uk/museum_gfx_en/EM000064.html 24 Hour Museum]
* [http://www.leicestermuseums.ac.uk/museums/jewwall.html Council website]
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