name = "Agapanthus"
image_width = 250px
image_caption = "Agapanthus" flower
divisio = Magnoliophyta
genus = "Agapanthus"
genus_authority = L'Hér.
subdivision_ranks = Species
subdivision = See text
"Agapanthus" ("Lily of the Nile") is a genus of flower plants with six to ten species depending on how the different species are classified. They are all
herbaceous perennial plants native to South Africa. They have been placed either in the family Alliaceae, or separated into their own monogeneric family Agapanthaceae (e.g. "Indices Nominum Supragenericorum Plantarum Vascularium").
Members of the genus have funnel-shaped
flowers, in varying shades of blue colors with white flowering forms occurring. The species have been hybridized to produce additional colors in plants under cultivation. The flowers are produced in many-flowered cymes on long, erect stems called scapes, which can grow up 1 m long. The basal leaves are curved, lanceolate, and are up to 60 cm long.
Zonneveld & Duncan (2003) classified "Agapanthus" into six species ("A. africanus, A. campanulatus, A. caulescens, A. coddii, A. inapertus, A. praecox"). Four additional taxa recognised by Leighton (1965) as species ("A. comptonii, A. dyeri, A. nutans, A. walshii") are given status below species rank by Zonneveld & Duncan.
Agapanthus africanus" (syn. "A. umbellatus; African Lily or African Tulip)
Agapanthus campanulatus" (African bluebell, African Blue lily or Bell Agapanthus)
Agapanthus coddii" (Codd's Agapanthus or Blue Lily)
Agapanthus inapertus" (Drakensberg Agapanthus or Drooping Agapanthus)
Agapanthus praecox" (Common Agapanthus, Blue Lily, African Lily, or Lily of the Nile)
Cultivation and uses
"Agapanthus africanus" can be grown within
USDA plant hardiness zones9 to 11. In lower-numbered zones, the bulbs should be placed deeper in the soil and mulched well in the fall. "Agapanthus" can be propagated by dividing the bulbs or by seeds, the seeds of most varieties are fertile.
cultivars and hybrids are cultivated as garden and landscape plants. Several are winter-hardy to USDA Zone 7.
*Leighton, F. M. (1965). The Genus "Agapanthus" L'Heritier. "J. South African Botany", supplementary volume IV.
*Snoeijer W (2004) Agapanthus A Revision of the Genus. ISBN 0-88192-631-0
*Zonneveld, B. J. M. & Duncan, G. D. (2003). Taxonomic implications of genome size and pollen colour and vitality for species of "Agapanthus" L'Heritier (Agapanthaceae). "Plant Syst. Evol". 241: 115-123.
* [http://www.plantzafrica.com/plantab/agapanafric.htm PlantZAfrica: "Agapanthus africanus"]
* [http://www.plantsystematics.org/reveal/pbio/fam/inspv1.html Indices Nominum Supragenericorum Plantarum Vascularium]
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