- Bangor, Gwynedd
Infobox UK place
country = Wales
official_name = Bangor
latitude = 53.228
longitude = -4.128
population = 21,735 (2008 estimate)
constituency_westminster = Conwy
post_town = BANGOR
postcode_district = LL57
postcode_area = LL
dial_code = 01248
os_grid_reference = SH580722
london_distance = 258.2 mi
cardiff_distance = 183.6 mi
map_type = Wales Gwynedd
Gwynedd, North Wales, is one of the smallest cities in the United Kingdom. It is a universitycity with a population of 13,725 at the 2001 census, not including around 10,000 students at Bangor University. Including nearby Menai Bridgethe population is about 18,000. Also, according to the census, 46.6% of the population speak Welsh [(6,199 out of 13,310 people aged 3 and over spoke Welsh in the following wards: Deiniol, Marchog, Hirael, Garth, Menai, Glyder, Hendre, Dewi. [http://neighbourhood.statistics.gov.uk/dissemination/AreaListMapSelection.do 2001 Census] ] (despite most of the students coming from outside Wales).
The origins of the city date back to the founding of
Bangor Cathedralby the Celtic saint Deiniolin the early 6th century AD. The name 'Bangor' itself comes from a Welsh word for a type of fenced-in enclosure, such as was originally on the site of the cathedral. The present cathedral is a somewhat more recent building and has been extensively modified throughout the centuries. While the building itself is not the oldest, and certainly not the biggest, the bishopricof Bangor is one of the oldest in Britain. Another claim to fame is that Bangor allegedly has the longest High Streetin Wales. Friars School was founded as a free grammar schoolin 1557, and Bangor Universitywas founded in 1884.
Bangor is largely contained to the south by
Bangor Mountainalthough the large housing estateof Maesgeirchen, originally built as council housing, is to the east of the toe of the mountain near to Port Penrhyn. The presence of Bangor Mountain casts a shadow across the High Street, Glan Adda and Hirael areas such that from November through to March some parts of the High Street in particular receive no direct sunlight as they lie in the shadow of the mountain. Another ridge rises to the north of the High Street, dividing the city centre from the Menai Strait; this area is known as Upper Bangor.
Bangor has two rivers within its boundaries. The River Adda is a largely culverted watercourse which only appears above ground at its western extremities near to the Faenol estate, whilst the River Cegin enters
Port Penrhynat the eastern edge of the city. Port Penrhyn was an important port in the 19th century, exporting the slates produced at the Penrhyn Quarry.
Bangor lies at the western end of the
North Wales Path, a 60 mile long-distance coastal walking route to Prestatyn. It is also on routes 5, 8 and 85 of the National Cycle Network.
Bangor railway station, which serves the city, is located on the
North Wales Coast Linefrom Creweto Holyhead.
University & Colleges
* Ysgol Friars [http://www.friars.gwynedd.sch.uk/]
* Ysgol Cae Top [http://www.caetop.gwynedd.sch.uk/]
* Ysgol Ein Harglwyddes
* Ysgol Glanadda
* Ysgol Glan Cegin [http://www.glancegin.gwynedd.sch.uk/]
* Ysgol Hirael
* Ysgol Y Faenol [http://www.faenol.gwynedd.sch.uk/]
* Ysgol Y Garnedd
* Ysgol Babanod, Coed Mawr
* Hillgrove School [http://www.hillgrove.gwynedd.sch.uk/]
* St. Gerard's School [http://www.st-gerards.org/]
Arts, music and culture
Theatr Gwynedd [http://www.theatrgwynedd.co.uk] is the city's main venue for
drama(in both English and Welsh, but mainly Welsh), ballet, opera, comedyand cinema. Bangor is an important centre for classical music, with regular concerts given in the Powis and Prichard-Jones Halls as part of the University's Music at Bangor concert series. [http://www.bangor.ac.uk/community/musicindex] The city is also home to the Gwynedd Museum and Art Gallery. [http://www.gwynedd.gov.uk/gwy_doc.asp?doc=13261&cat=3657&Language=1] The University has announced plans for a major new arts centre in the city. [Plans announced for new Arts Centre in Bangor [http://www.bangor.ac.uk/news/full.php?Id=238] ]
Bangor hosted the National Eisteddfod in 1890, 1902, 1915, 1931, 1940 (through the medium of
radio), 1943, 1971 and 2005, as well as an unofficial National Eisteddfod event in 1874.
Bangor has two commercial
radio stations broadcasting from Parc Menai which are Champion 103 and Coast 96.3. Both stations broadcast to the city in English and Welsh. Bangor Universityalso has its own student radio station called Storm FM, which broadcast from the Ffriddoedd Site.
Bangor is home to a small
BBCstudio. The BBC's Light Entertainment Department moved to Bangor during World War IIand many classic programmes (like " ITMA") came from Bangor. In 1967, the Beatlescame to Bangor (staying in Dyfrdwy, one of the halls comprising Adeilad Hugh Owen, now part of the Management Centre) for their first encounter with Maharishi Mahesh Yogi, during which visit they learned of the death of their manager Brian Epstein. Fact|date=January 2008
Duffywas born in Bangor.
* Acadami (Students Union)
* Hendre Hall (Tal Y Bont) [http://www.hendrehall.com/]
* Octagon & Glitterball [http://www.octagonclub.co.uk]
Restaurants & Bars
* The Black Bull Inn (JD Wetherspoon) [http://www.jdwetherspoon.co.uk/pubs/pub-details.php?PubNumber=1664]
* Fat Cat Café Bar [http://www.fatcatcafebars.co.uk/bangor/index.html]
* The Harp Inn (80-82 High Street, Bangor)
* Yr Hen Glan (The Old Glan)
* The Mostyn Arms
* The Skerries Inn
* Varsity [http://www.varsitybars.com/bars/bangor.html]
* A5 Taxis
* Ace & Gwynns Taxis
* Airport & Seaport
* C J's Cabs
* Chubbs Taxis [http://www.chubbscabs.co.uk/]
* Classic Cabs
* Connect Cars
* Glyn's Taxis
* Janes Taxis
* Johns Cabs
* Merfyn's Taxi
* Trevor's Taxis
* Tryfan Cabs Ltd
Bangor has a
pier, which is the second longest in Wales and also the 9th longest in the British Isles, being 1,500 feet (or 472 metres). Its name is the Garth Pier, and was almost demolished in 1974 due to the poor condition it was in at the time. However local support for the pier ensured that it survived and gained a Grade 2 listed status, as it was considered one of the three finest surviving piers at the time. Restoration work began in 1982 and did not finish until 1988. The pier was re-opened on Saturday, 7th May, 1988.
Bangor has a successfulFact|date=September 2008 football team,
Bangor City F.C.[http://www.bangorcityfc.com] which competes in the national Welsh Premier League. Bangor City has won numerous cups and championships, and has represented Wales in European competition on a number of occasions. Bangor is also home to rugby unionteam Bangor RFCwho play in the WRU Division Five Northleague.
Ysbyty Gwynedd is based in Bangor within the Penrhosgarnedd area. The hospital is the largest of all the North West Wales NHS Trust hospitals and the main administrative centre is based in Bangor.
* [http://www.bbc.co.uk/wales/northwest/sites/history/pages/growthofbangor.shtml History of Bangor — BBC]
* [http://www.gwynedd.gov.uk/gwy_doc.asp?cat=3657&doc=13261 Bangor museum]
* [http://www.bangorcivicsociety.org.uk/ Bangor Civic Society]
* [http://www.woodvine.com/bangor/ Bangor in old photographs]
* [http://www.esgobaethbangordiocese.org/ Diocese of Bangor]
* [http://www.geograph.org.uk/search.php?i=3491095 www.geograph.co.uk : photos of Bangor and surrounding area]
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.