Roman Catholicism in Uruguay

Roman Catholicism in Uruguay

The Roman Catholic Church in Uruguay is part of the worldwide Roman Catholic Church, under the spiritual leadership of the Pope and curia in Rome.

There are 2.3 million Catholics in the country, 53% of the total population. There are 9 dioceses and the archdiocese of Montevideo. The current archbishop is Nicolas Cotugno Fanizzi, who was appointed in December 1998.

Evangelization of Uruguay followed Spanish settlement in 1624. Montevideo became a diocese in 1878, after being erected as a Vicarate in 1830. Missionaries followed the reduction pattern of gathering Indians into communities, training them in agriculture, husbandry, and other arts, while forming them in the Faith. The constitution of 1830 made Catholicism the religion of the state and subsidized missions to Indians. The constitution of 1917 enacted separation of Church and state.

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