- Sheriff of Nottingham
The Sheriff of Nottingham in classic stories
The Sheriff of Nottingham was historically the office responsible for enforcing law and order in
Nottinghamand bringing criminals to justice. For years the post has been directly appointed by the Lord Mayor of Nottinghamand in modern times with the existence of the policeforce, the position is entirely ceremonialand sustained to boost tourism due to the legendary connection to the tales of Robin Hood. However the historical position goes back to Anglo-Saxon times. The office is sometimes confused with that of the High Sheriff of Nottinghamshire. Before this, during 1068until 1449the position existed as High Sheriff of Nottinghamshire, Derbyshire and the Royal Forests.
There is no record of an official with the specific duty of enforcing the law and keeping the peace in
Anglo-Saxon England(although there undoubtedly was one). After the Norman Conquest, specific countiesappointed sheriffs to enforce the law (such as Yorkshirefor example), although sometimes the duties of these sheriffs would cross the border of their respective counties. Nottingham would have come under the "High Sheriff of Nottinghamshire and Derbyshire" after the Norman Conquest.
1449, the city of Nottinghamitself was appointed its own sheriff for the first time (although the post was held simultaneously between two men; William Sadler and Thomas Lyng). The sheriffs at that time may have been responsible for "the delivery of prisoners to the courts, the collection of rents and taxes and generally keeping the ‘King’s Peace’".
From 1450 until
1835, the office was shared between two people, one of whom may have been chosen by the Mayor, the other by the town council. The change to a single sheriff was explained by Lincoln city website merely as "Local Government changes". The article can be seen [http://www.lincoln.gov.uk/Information_page_+_3_pic_det.asp?id=3234&sec_id=824 here] (possibly the Municipal Corporations Act 1835).
The current Sheriff of Nottingham is Councillor Chente Arnaud who was sworn in during January 2008.
Past Sheriffs of Nottingham include Councillor
Derek Cresswell, Labour Party. The office is considered largely ceremonial, promoting the city in tourism and business. There are interviews with [http://www.boldoutlaw.com/robint/casson.html Joan Casson] and [http://www.boldoutlaw.com/robint/hartshorne.html John Hartshorne] both recent sheriffs, describing the role of the present-day Sheriff of Nottingham. There have been five female sheriffs, the first being in 1931, and the most recent in 2006.
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