Natural person

Natural person

Variously, in jurisprudence, a natural person is a human being, as opposed to an artificial, legal or juristic person, i.e., an organization that the law treats for some purposes as if it were a person distinct from its members or owner. Sometimes the legal situation limits the term by limits on age, psychiatric, medical, nationality attributes, gender, sexual orientation, criminal record, official paperwork, and computer records (which may or may not be accurate).

For example, such legal provisions as Amendment XIX to the United States Constitution, which states a person can not be denied the right to vote based on gender, or Section 15 of the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms, which guarantees equality rights, apply to natural persons only. In many cases fundamental human rights are implicitly granted only to natural persons; for example a corporation cannot hold public office, but it can file a lawsuit.

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • natural person — n: a human being as distinguished from a person (as a corporation) created by operation of law compare juridical person, legal person Merriam Webster’s Dictionary of Law. Merriam Webster. 1996 …   Law dictionary

  • Natural person — Person Per son, n. [OE. persone, persoun, person, parson, OF. persone, F. personne, L. persona a mask (used by actors), a personage, part, a person, fr. personare to sound through; per + sonare to sound. See {Per }, and cf. {Parson}.] 1. A… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Natural person — Natural Nat u*ral (?; 135), a. [OE. naturel, F. naturel, fr. L. naturalis, fr. natura. See {Nature}.] 1. Fixed or determined by nature; pertaining to the constitution of a thing; belonging to native character; according to nature; essential;… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • natural person — ➔ person * * * natural person UK US noun [C] (plural natural persons) ► LAW one single person: »A consumer is any natural person who is acting for purposes which are outside his trade, business, or profession …   Financial and business terms

  • natural person — noun : a human being as distinguished in law from an artificial or juristic person extended to corporations the rights and immunities guaranteed to natural persons G.W.Johnson compare corporation 3 * * * Law. See under person (def. 11) …   Useful english dictionary

  • natural person — An individual; a private person, as distinguished from an artificial person, such as a corporation …   Ballentine's law dictionary

  • natural person — Law. See under person (def. 11). * * * …   Universalium

  • natural person — /nætʃərəl ˈpɜsən/ (say nachuhruhl persuhn) noun Law an individual human being (opposed to artificial person) …   Australian-English dictionary

  • natural person —    A real human being, as distinguished from a corporation, which is often treated in law as a fictitious person …   Business law dictionary

  • Natural person — Физическое лицо …   Краткий толковый словарь по полиграфии

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”