Vedanta University

Vedanta University

Infobox_University
name = Vedanta University


motto = "Rewrite The History of Academia"
established = 2006
vice_chancellor= Mr. A. Agarwal
type = Private
city = Konark
state = Orissa
country = India
students = 100,000 (projected)
staff = 10,000 - 15,000 (projected)
campus = Urban, 8,000 acres (32 km²)
endowment = US$3.00 billion
affiliations = UGC
website = [http://www.vedanta.edu.in www.vedanta.edu.in]

The vision

Anil Agarwal, an Indian businessman, who heads the London based Vedanta Resources corporation and Naveen Patnaik, the Chief Minister of Orissa state in eastern India, have signed a memorandum of understanding to create a world class, multidisciplinary university, Vedanta University. Manmohan Singh, the Prime Minister of India, has also [http://ia.rediff.com/money/2006/feb/16ved.htm| expressed full support] for this large philanthropic undertaking. The university, which would be entirely a not-for-profit venture, will be endowed with US $1 billion from Agarwal's personal funds. According to the institution's consultant A.T. Kearney, this is the [http://chronicle.com/stats/big_gifts.htm biggest single person contribution ever] made towards the endowment for any educational institution worldwide. The entire outlay to set up the dream university is estimated to be around 150 billion rupees (approximately US $3.2 billion). M. Siddiqi is the present Project Director of Vedanta University. Other senior officials for the project are currently being recruited [http://jobs.winentranceexam.com/Universities/Vedanta-University.html internationally] . The first academic opening, that of [http://chronicle.com/jobs/id.php?id=0000489242-01&pg=a Provost and Chief Academic Officer] (CAO) has also recently been announced.

The three goals of Vedanta University are in the following directions:
* "Education": To provide meritorious Indian students access to world class education within India.
* "Research": To conduct cutting edge research on globally relevant topics from an Asian-centric perspective.
* "Society": To produce tomorrow's leaders, and to promote economic growth in the region.

Academics and research

According to the Anil Agarwal Foundation, the university is being modeled most closely on Stanford University and aims to be a peer institution to them in terms of world class research and education. Unlike other smaller prominent institutions in India which are focused entirely on technical education, the planned university would be multidisciplinary in nature, encompassing all domains of human endeavor. It will provide the "finest quality of education" in liberal arts, law, medicine, business, humanities, basic sciences and engineering. The university will house nine interdisciplinary centers of excellence in areas such as nanotechnology, biotechnology, and information technology. It will support approximately 100,000 undergraduate, masters and doctoral students enrolled in 95 disciplines, and employ a few thousand internationally renowned faculty members, making it one of the largest universities in the world, says Agarwal. Vedanta University will have a roughly equal mix of Indian and foreign students. The admission of students would be need-blind and based on merit.

The university will be governed by a board of trustees drawn from industry and society. It will be headed by a provost & chief academic officer. The various schools and colleges within Vedanta University will be led by a few deans who would be recruited locally within India as well as internationally. In order to stimulate cutting-edge research, each center of excellence will include five to eight professors of international caliber. At the present time, the university authorities are scouting for faculty of the highest caliber, [http://www.financialexpress.com/fe_full_story.php?content_id=155278 including Nobel laureates] . The government of Orissa will pass legislation specifically to provide complete administrative and fiscal autonomy to the new university.

According to newspaper reports, Vedanta University will be developed in several phases until its planned completion in 2025. However, the university is expected to start admitting its first batch of around 3,500 students as early as 2009, into its engineering, liberal arts, and basic science programs. Most academic schools, including those of law and performing arts, as well as a few centers of excellence would be in place by 2016. Eventually, the Anil Agarwal Foundation hopes that Vedanta University would stem the annual exodus of Indian students seeking higher education abroad, out of which about 80,000 head for the USA alone.

As part of Agarwal's vision, Vedanta University would nurture future Nobel laureates, Olympic champions and heads of states and governments for India and the world.

Schools and colleges

*Engineering
*Medicine
*Business
*Liberal Arts
*Sciences
*Law
*Performing Arts

Centers of excellence

*Health Sciences
*Manufacturing Sciences
*Agricultural Research
*Rural Economics
*Information & Communication Technology
*Pharmaceutical Research
*Urban Planning
*Nanotechnology
*Biotechnology

Campus and township

The campus layout is being designed by [http://www.asg-architects.com/story/clients/otb/campusPlanning/cp_vedanta.htm Ayers Saint Gross Architects and Planners] , a Baltimore based firm. Ayers Saint Gross has 90 years of experience developing some of the best university campuses in the USA such as Duke, Carnegie-Mellon and Johns Hopkins. Additionally, India based STUP Consultants have been hired for construction work during the phase-I of the project which is expected to be completed in 2011. The master plan of Vedanta university was one of the designs selected for a [http://www.baltimoresun.com/entertainment/arts/bal-to.archcol15oct15,0,3642762.column 2007 AIA Baltimore design award] in Baltimore.

Keeping in view a variety of factors based on Agarwal's desire, such as a scenic location, proximity to a major city, and accessibility, and based upon Ayers/Saint/Gross's recommendation, the foundation has identified 8,000 acres (32 km²) of land near the Puri-Konark marine drive between Nuanai and Balighai for the proposed Vedanta University. The Orissa government has begun connecting the site of the university to the swanky new international airport being constructed near Bhubaneswar, 70 km away, by means of a four lane expressway. Furthermore, a railway station will be located in the campus. It will also provide all necessary infrastructure to support this massive undertaking. The area would be developed into a large university township with a permanent population of 500,000 in addition to the large body of students. The township would include primary and secondary schools, apartment complexes and private residences, theaters, cinema, parks and recreation areas, restaurants and shopping complexes.

The township will also allocate land for a research & development park. This park would serve as an incubator for other research laboratories, centers of excellence, and research oriented private companies as Vedanta University spin-offs. It will serve to channel venture capital funds into research and education. The entire area is expected to eventually evolve into a large research-cum-education complex, similar to the economic hub around Stanford with a combined market capitalization of $300 billion, only an hour away from Orissa's state capital, Bhubaneswar.

A railway station is planned to be built in an area within the campus that will be called the "Train Station Plaza". It will be at one end of what will be called the "University Greens" - the main university promenade. The palm tree laced University Greens will lead to the "University Quadrangle" area. Classroom buildings will be centered around stylish lawns called "Academic Courtyards". The entire campus would be dotted with fountains, both small and large. There will be an Olympic quality sports complex on campus, the "Vedanta Stadium", and a 250,000 ft² library. Lastly, the foundation has also announced plans to include a large [http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Vedanta_Univ=edit&section=5 super-specialty hospital] with treatmentes for cancer, diabetes, and coronary diseases, as well as a research institute. In all, the Vedanta University campus would have over 100 academic and residential buildings.

The sprawling Vedanta University campus will follow a Mandala layout, with the buildings arranged in the form of two overlapping circles. Its idyllic surroundings will include a picturesque lake in its immediate vicinity and rolling hills at a distance. The gentle, flowing waters of the Nuanai river meeting the crashing waves of the Casuarina tree-lined beach at Balighai would complete the scenic backdrop. The well-known ruins of the Sun Temple at Konark would be a few minutes away.

Controversies

View of Academics

Some academics have questioned whether, given its location and size, Vedanta can achieve its aims of being a leading research university [http://www.hindu.com/2007/08/29/stories/2007082955271300.htm] .

Environmental violations by the parent company

Agarwal's company, Vedanta Resources, is heavily involved in a number of controversial mining ventures in India, including major investments in Orissa. The company took over one of India's major aluminium mining and smelting company a year or so ago, and is also working on other projects in the State. Like many big mining companies, Vedanta has been criticised for evading pollution controls and ignoring environmental protection regulations, particularly in Tamil Nadu but also in Orissa. Its refinery in Lanjigarh (orissa) has cause massive air and water pollution within months of initiation. A villager has reportedly died of the pollution. People are suffering from many skin diseases due to dumping of toxic waste in the Vamsadhara river which the villagers use for drinking and bathing purposes. The dust from the factory has eneter every home in the vicinity and people complain of it being in their food, water and air.

In this context, the foundation has pointed out its not-for-profit nature and that the endowment for the university is pledged by Mr. Anil Agarwal in his individual capacity and from his personal wealth. Another criticism levelled at the university, by politicians, local academicians, and the farmers currently occupying the proposed site relates to the relatively vast area of the proposed campus and its large student intake.

The Orissa government and the Anil Agarwal Foundation had faced some [http://www.minesandcommunities.org/Action/press1259.htm bureaucratic hurdles] associated with donating free land to a private organization. The Orissa government is in the process of resolving the situation and [http://www.orissatv.com/news_details.asp?ID=3574 land acquisition has already begun] in the state. The foundation claims that although the land being purchased is officially agricultural land, due to saline conditions, it is not fertile and thus, quite sparsely populated. The farmers who currently own the land do not want to sell and say they will protest the project. They are growing rice, mango, cashew, papaya, pumpkin, cucmber, betel nut, jute, coconut, etc in the region and say that monetary compensation will not replace their livelihood. The foundation claims that approximately 100 people will be displaced, but a local government official estimates 500 while activists maintain that the number is 50,000.

According to the foundation, an excellent rehabilitation package is being offered to the families who will be displaced during the land acquisition phase. This package includes in addition to financial compensation, a training programme for individuals who are willing to eventually get absorbed into the project. The Vedanta University website asserts that the project would provide immediate benefits to eastern India.

ee also

* Higher education in Orissa

References

* [http://www.vedanta.edu.in Vedanta University Official Site]
* [http://www.time.com/time/specials/2007/time100powergivers/article/0,28804,1616375_1615711_1615671,00.html Anil Agarwal]
* [http://daily.stanford.edu/article/2006/7/27/newIndianUniversityModeledAfterStanford New Indian university modeled after Stanford]
* [http://baltimore.bizjournals.com/baltimore/stories/2006/07/24/daily11.html Baltimore architects hired to design new Indian university]
* [http://chronicle.com/daily/2006/07/2006072006n.htm Indian Foundation Will Give $1-Billion to Create a Huge Research University]
* [http://diverseeducation.com/artman/publish/article_6146.shtml Billionaire Proposes New Research University]
* [http://www.businesswireindia.com/PressRelease.asp?b2mid=10309 The Anil Agarwal Foundation Announces a Memorandum of Understanding with the Government of Orissa to Establish Vedanta University]
* [http://economictimes.indiatimes.com/articleshow/1767838.cms Vedanta, Orissa to sign MoU for mega varsity]
* [http://indiaenews.com/2006-07/15472-orissa-vedanta-university.htm Orissa to have world class Vedanta University]
* [http://www.dnaindia.com/report.asp?NewsID=1042717 And a $3 billion hope for education]
* [http://www.financialexpress.com/fe_full_story.php?content_id=134616 Orissa’s $3 bn to Vedanta varsity]
* [http://www.usatoday.com/printedition/news/20060816/1a_opklamoneychartxx.art.htm Giving big: Largest gifts to colleges]
* [http://www.citybizlist.com/lstg/lstgDetail.aspx?id=8794 $1 billion investment inspired India's new Vedanta University]
* [http://vedantauniv.blogspot.com/ Vedanta University]
* [http://www.ibnlive.com/videos/16190/topnotch-univ-to-come-up-in-orissa.html Top-notch Univ to come up in Orissa] (CNN-IBN video)
* [http://www.worldarchitecturenews.com/index.php?fuseaction=wanappln.projectview&upload_id=1137 U.S. firm unveils masterplan for Indian university]
* [http://chronicle.com/weekly/v53/i45/45a02601.htm?=attw "In Rural India, an Ambitious Academic Vision"] Chronicle of Higher Education, July 13, 2007.
* [http://chronicle.com/weekly/v53/i45/45a02602.htm For Planners, the Opportunity of a Lifetime]
* [http://chronicle.com/temp/email2.php?id=KqgGHdJM5mszbhcnbTMKSrpYczpmmbSm In Rural India, an Ambitious Academic Vision] Chronicle of Higher Education, July, 2007.
* [http://chronicle.com/media/flash/v53/i45/vedanta/ Vast New University for India] Slideshow
* [http://daily.stanford.edu/article/2007/10/24/indianCollegeToBeModeledAfterStanford Indian college to be modeled after Stanford]


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