- Woodwind instrument
A woodwind instrument is a
musical instrumentwhich produces sound when the player blows air against an edge of, or opening in, the instrument, causing the air to vibrate within a resonator. Most commonly, the player blows against a thin piece of wood called a reed. Most of these instruments were originally made of wood, but some, such as the saxophoneand some flutes, are now commonly made of other materials such as metals or plastics.
Types of woodwind instruments
Single-reedinstruments use a reed, which is a thin cut piece of cane or plastic that is held against the aperture of a mouthpiece with a ligature. When air is forced between the reed and the mouthpiece, the reed vibrates, creating the sound. Single reed instruments include the clarinetand saxophonefamilies of instruments.
* Double-reed instruments, use two precisely cut, small pieces of cane joined together at the base. The finished, bound reed is inserted into the top of the instrument and vibrates as air is forced between the two pieces of bound cane. There are two sub-families:
** Exposed double-reed instruments, where the reed goes between the player's lips. The
oboe, cor anglais(also called English horn) and bassoonmake up the more popular instruments within this family.
** Capped double-reed instruments, where there is a cap covering up the reed with a hole in that the player just blows through. This family includes most
bagpipes, the crumhorn, and the cornamuse.
Flutes produce sound when air is blown across an edge. There are two sub-families:
** Open flute family, where the player's lips form a stream of air which goes directly from the players lips to the edge, such as
transverse flutes and end-blown flutes. Modern concert flutes are usually made of pure metal or a combination of metals including nickel, silver, and gold.
** Closed flute family, where the instrument forms and directs the air stream over the edge. This family includes
fipplebased flutes like whistles and the recorderfamily.
* [http://www.phys.unsw.edu.au/jw/woodwind.html How do Woodwind Instruments work]
* [http://www.wfg.woodwind.org/fing.html Woodwind Fingering Chart]
* [http://www.b-visible.co.uk/article/woodwind_instruments.html Woodwind Videos & Pictures]
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