Flag of Singapore

Flag of Singapore

] The flag was adopted as the national flag upon Singapore's full independence on 9 August 1965.


Elements and symbolism

The Singapore Arms and Flag and National Anthem Rules define the flag's composition and the symbolism of its elements: red symbolises "universal brotherhood and equality of man" and white "pervading and everlasting purity and virtue". The waxing crescent moon "represents a young nation on the ascendant". Finally, the five stars "stand for the nation's ideals of democracy, peace, progress, justice and equality". [Second Schedule of the [http://www.sg/explore/Singapore_Arms_And_Flag_And_National_Anthem_Rules.pdf Singapore Arms and Flag and National Anthem Rules] (Cap. 296, R 1, 2004 Rev. Ed.), as amended by the [http://www.sg/explore/Singapore_Arms_and_Flag_and_Nation_Anthem(Amendment)Rules2007.pdf Singapore Arms and Flag and National Anthem (Amendment) Rules 2007] (S 377/2007). See also .
*cite news|title=No conflict, clear-cut symbol of unity|publisher="The Sunday Times"|date=1981-08-09|page=13
*cite web|title=Military & Paramilitary Flags of Singapore|url=http://www.geocities.com/inescutcheon/FlagsMilitary.HTML|publisher=Herman's Mainframe|date=September 2001, updated 20 October 2007|accessdate=2007-11-03
*cite web|title=National Symbols : The National Flag|url=http://www.nhb.gov.sg/PE/resources/national_symbols/national_flag.html|publisher=National Heritage Board|year=2004|accessdate=2007-10-16
*cite web|last=MacDonald|first=Ian|title=Singapore : Index of all pages|url=http://www.crwflags.com/fotw/flags/sg_index.html|publisher=CRW Flags|date=2007-10-20|accessdate=2007-11-04
*cite web|last=Aslaksen|first=Helmer|title=The mathematics and astronomy of the Singapore flag|url=http://www.math.nus.edu.sg/aslaksen/teaching/flag.shtml|publisher=Department of Mathematics, National University of Singapore|date=2007-03-11|accessdate=2007-11-03
*cite web|last=Chen|first=Bernard|title=The Singapore Soulndash A work in progress (part 3)|url=http://hammersphere.wordpress.com/2007/08/10/the-singapore-soul-%E2%80%93-a-work-in-progress-part-3/|publisher=The Hammersphere|date=2007-09-10|accessdate=2007-11-04


*cite book|author=Singapore Legislative Assembly|authorlink=Legislative Assembly of Singapore|title=State Arms and Flag and National Anthem of Singapore (Legislative Assembly (New Series) Misc. 2 of 1959)|location=Singapore|publisher=Printed at the Government Printing Office|year=1959
*cite book|title=State Arms & Flag of Singapore|location=Singapore|publisher=Publicity Division, Ministry of Culture|year=1977
*cite book|last=Crampton|first=William|title=The World of Flags : A Pictorial History|edition=Rev. ed.|location=London|publisher=Studio Editions|year=1992|page=88
*cite book|title=The National Symbols Kit|location=Singapore|publisher=Prepared by Programmes Section, Ministry of Information and the Arts|year=1999 A kit on the key symbols of Singapore consisting of eight fact sheets, one booklet, one CD and one national flag.

Other media

*cite book|author=Singapore Broadcasting Corporation|authorlink=Singapore Broadcasting Corporation|title=Flag and Anthem, 3 December 1959 [videorecording] |location=Singapore|publisher=Television Corporation of Singapore|year=1988 A documentary on the national flag and anthem of Singapore. Gives an account on how the present design of the flag was arrived at, and includes an interview with the national anthem's composer, Zubir Said.

External links

* [http://www.flags.net/SING.htm The flag of Singapore at the World Flag Database]

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